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Restorative Justice in Prisons
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Restorative Justice in Prisons

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This slide show highlights the ways restorative justice principles and processes are being used in prisons around the world.

This slide show highlights the ways restorative justice principles and processes are being used in prisons around the world.

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  • 1. Restorative Justice in Prison Daniel W. Van Ness Centre for Justice & Reconciliation Prison Fellowship International © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 2. Why Prisons? Initiated by: Prisoners Victims Prison officials NGOs © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 3. Restorative Justice in Prisons Why Prisons? Objectives Can Restorative Justice Work in Prison? Communities of Restoration © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 4. Objectives 1. Victim Awareness and Empathy 2. Amends 3. Mediation/Dialogue 4. Prison-Community Ties 5. Conflict Resolution 6. Transformation © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 5. Objectives 1. Victim awareness and empathy Teach about impact – no victim involvement Victim presentations in prison Conversations between victims and offenders © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 6. Objectives 2. Amends programs Programs to pay actual victims Programs with symbolic amends © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 7. Objectives 3. Mediation – dialogue programs Meetings between victims and their offenders Meetings between families and offenders Meetings between communities and offenders © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 8. Objectives 4. Build ties between prison and communities Prisoners perform community service © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 9. Objectives 5. Conflict resolution programs Alternatives to Violence Resolve disputes among prisoners Resolve disputes among staff Prisoner discipline and grievances © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 10. Objectives 6. Transformation of prisoners Foster virtue in prisoners Moral goodness or excellence © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 11. Obstacles Is restorative justice compatible with imprisonment? © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 12. Obstacles 1. Active versus passive stance of prisoners Taking responsibility requires hard work – reflection and reform of themselves Prison makes prisoners docile and unreflective © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 13. Obstacles 2. Competition with prison culture Prisoners see selves as victims of corrupt or unjust system Prison subcultures are deviant © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 14. Obstacles 3. Conflict resolution versus prison discipline Prisons use or threaten force Prisoners use force against each other Work against peaceful conflict resolution © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 15. Obstacles 4. Stated versus perceived goals RJ staff – create a new sort of prison Prisoners – way of getting prison leave for good behaviour, work experience, etc. Prison staff – way of gaining more control over prisoners © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 16. Obstacles 5. Lack of autonomy Prisons are authoritarian and hierarchical Makes it hard to take responsibility May make it impossible to take steps toward responsibility © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 17. Obstacles 6. Social conditions in prison Prison conditions are seldom good Keeps prisoner focus on their situation, not on how their actions have harmed others © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 18. Obstacles 7. Offender focus of prison Prisons are preoccupied with prisoners Difficult to maintain an authentic focus on victims © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 19. Obstacles 8. Legitimation of prisons Prisons have problems and are expensive May create support for increasing use of prisons instead of increasing alternatives to prison © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 20. Communities of Restoration APAC (Association for Protection and Assistance of Convicts) IFI (InnerChange Freedom Initiative) FBU (Faith Based Unit) © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 21. Communities of Restoration © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 22. Communities of Restoration Goal: To teach prisoners to receive and give love. © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 23. Communities of Restoration Crime is the tragic refusal to love. Humans were made to love and to be loved, but need to be taught. Sometimes families fail to love their children and teach them to love. APAC creates a community in which prisoners can learn to be loved and to love. © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 24. Communities of Restoration © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 25. Communities of Restoration © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 26. Communities of Restoration “Kill the criminal to save the person.” “Every person is more than the mistakes he has made.” “For as long as there is in the world a person unjustly treated, hungry, in prison, sick, unemployed, alone or abandoned, I have a responsibility.” © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 27. Communities of Restoration © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 28. Communities of Restoration © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 29. Communities of Restoration APAC IFI • Argentina • England • Australia • Germany • Bolivia • USA • Brazil • Bulgaria • Chile FBU • Ecuador • New Zealand • Latvia • Singapore © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship
  • 30. For more information www.RestorativeJustice.org Daniel W. Van Ness Centre for Justice & Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship International dvanness@pfi.org © 2006 Centre for Justice and Reconciliation at Prison Fellowship