The medieval Ages cover roughly between the fall of the roman empire (in the 5th century) and the Renaissance.
Medieval Ages 15th 5th Fall of Roman Empire Renaissance
The Dark Ages
The early part of middle ages, from around 400 to 800 CE, is know as the Dark Ages.
At the beginning of this period, Germanic tribes pushed across the frontiers of the western Roman Empire, destroying towns and making trade routes dangerous.
Key facts of the dark ages
In 476 CE, the last emperor of Rome lost his throne.
The saxons settled in Britain, the franks took over Gaul, and the Goths invaded Italy.
From the 700s, Vikings from the Scandinavian countries began to raid the coast of Europe.
Art and learning survive in remote monasteries.
Visigoths settled in Spain.
Saxons settled In Britain Franks took over Gaul Visigoths settled In Spain Goths invaded Italy
New Kingdoms Gradually, new kingdoms ruled by strong leaders began to emerge, and life in Europe became more stable. This encouraged trade and the growth of towns and cities, and the population of Europe rose.
Part of the charlemagnes Empire later became the Holy Roman Empire… Charlemagne's Empire (768-814)
In the 8th century ,a great Frankish leader called Charlemagne (742-814), united an empire covering much of modern France and Italy.
The lands of the franks gradually became French.
Alfred the great (846-899) defeated the Vikings to become king in southern England
Otto I (912-973) united the German states and was crowned Roman Emperor by the pope.
Charlemagne Otto I Alfred the Great
Medieval Kings Most Medieval king believed they had absolute power over their subjects, given to them by God. The king demonstrated his power with great ceremonies and banquets.