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Vegetation regions interactive

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  • 1. Vegetation Regions Chapter 2 Section 4
  • 2. Students will explore Earth’s vegetation regions in order to explain the the relationship between climate and vegetation.
  • 3. The Amazon Basin in Brazil and the islands of Indonesia areexamples of _________________.
  • 4. Tropical Rainforest The trees are very tall and of a great variety of species. One rarely finds two trees of the same species growing close to one another. The vegetation is so dense that little light reaches the forest floor. Most of the plants are evergreen, not deciduous. The branches of the trees are festooned with vines.
  • 5. New England and Northern Europe have____________________
  • 6. Mid-Latitude (deciduous) Forest hardwood trees (e.g., beech, maple, oak, hickory) which are deciduous; that is, shed their leaves in the autumn. The number of different species is far more limited than in the jungle. Large stands dominated by a single species are common. Deer, raccoons, and salamanders are characteristic inhabitants.
  • 7. ___________ Forest
  • 8. Coniferous Forest Colder parts of the mid-latitudes Trees have needles and seed cones Trees are evergreen Redwoods in California are one example Canada and Siberia, Russia are also examples of coniferous forest. 
  • 9. Chaparral Trees in the chaparral are mostly oaks, both deciduous and evergreen--scrub oaks and shrubs like manzanita and the California lilac. All plants are adapted to drought by such mechanisms as waxy, waterproof coatings on their leaves.
  • 10. _______________________ tropical areas close to the equator mostly grasses with scattered trees and shrubs has a wet season and dry season wildfires are common Most of southern Africa and parts of Brazil are savannas.
  • 11. _________________________ Two types, depending on rainfall: "tall grass" or "short grass" Cooler climates Wildfires are common Typical in the American Midwest. Also called "steppes" in central Asia
  • 12. Desert Scrub cactus plants, specialized to store watercactus grow widely scattered due to little rain Arizona and parts of Pakistan are examples of desert scrub.
  • 13. __________________
  • 14. Alaska and Iceland are examples of tundra.
  • 15. Tundra Climate is always cold. No trees. Short growing season.small plants, wildflowers, lichen (tiny, brightly colored plants) permafrost under the soil
  • 16. Ice Cap Ice. Pure ice. Nothing but ice. This shot is from Greenland. How did that guy get there? Greenland and Antarctica are examples of ice cap.
  • 17. Highland Climate At higher elevations, climate can be very different than the surrounding area. For instance, there is an alpine ski lodge in the middle of the Arizona desert. The mountains of Peru and northern India are examples of highland climates.
  • 18. Vegetation Map
  • 19. What have we learned?

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