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Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
0 | P a g e
CHAPTER 3 STUDY GUIDE
Part I: Vocabulary Terms:Define the following ...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
1 | P a g e
Navigation Act
The Navigation Acts prohibited “ships of any Foreign ...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
2 | P a g e
Creek Indian Tribe
The Creek Indian Tribes had their own agenda: To ...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
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The Middle Passage was important becauseit was easy to make a manufa...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
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&assume their fathers role: managing plantations, socializing with f...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
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manufactured goods in return.Adam Smith created the term mercantile ...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
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Section 2: Short Answers
1. What was the role of the colonies in the...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
7 | P a g e
takenfrom Indians were turned into agricultural estate; imprisonedwo...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
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In 1775, British political philosopher Edmund Burke would praise str...
Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley
9 | P a g e
things emerged. After the Glorious Revolution, the British Empire be...
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Chapter 3 study guide

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  1. 1. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 0 | P a g e CHAPTER 3 STUDY GUIDE Part I: Vocabulary Terms:Define the following terms toughly. This means that each term must be defined using the five W’s at a minimum. What are the five W’s? What is it? When did it occur? Where was it? Who was it or who was influenced by it? Why is this term important to the time or what is its lasting impact? Terms 1. Navigation Act 2. Glorious Revolution 3. Creek Indian Tribe 4. Middle Passage 5. Stono Rebellion 6. Gentility 7. Bills of Exchange 8. Probate Inventory 9. Mercantilism 10.Land Banks Section 2: Short Answers 1. What was the role of the colonies in the British Mercantilist System? 2. Explain the causes and the results of the Glorious Revolution in England and America. 3. How did the South Atlantic System work, and what were its major elements? How did it shape the development of the various colonies? 4. What role did Africans play in the expansion of the Atlantic Slave Trade? What was the role of Europeans? 5. How did the ideas and policies of the English Whigs affect British and Colonial Politics between 1700 and 1760? 6. What was the British Policy of Salutary Neglect? Why did the British follow this policy and what were its consequences? Section 3: Summary Questions 1. Describe the dramatic expansion of the British Empire in North America in the late 17th and early 18th centuries? What role did the South Atlantic System play? 2. In what ways did the politics in the British Empire change in the decades following the Glorious Revolution? How do you explain those changes?
  2. 2. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 1 | P a g e Navigation Act The Navigation Acts prohibited “ships of any Foreign Nation whatsoever to come to, Trade in, or traffic with any of the English Plantations in America”. They were originally intendedtoreject the Dutch from the profits made by English trade. The Mercantilist theory behind the Navigation Acts assumed that world trade was fixed & the colonies existed for the parent country. 1651-1751 Were passed by the English Parliament England wanted stop direct colonial trade with the Netherlands, France & other European countries. The Navigation Acts were important because it laid the establishment of British trade in a foreign country& eliminated trade with other European countries between the British & American colonies. Glorious Revolution The glorious revolution is abloodless coup that overthrew James the II & enthroned Mary II & William the III&weakened the monarchial power.The Revolution came at the end of a control when James II had made it all too clear that he wanted Roman Catholicism reinstalled as the country’s religion. 1688-1689 In England & America It started with the Protestant bishop & parliamentary leaders in the Whig Party. The Glorious Revolution was important because it saw the official overthrow of Absolute Monarchy in England & the establishment of a Constitutional Monarchy. So, the most significantresult of the Glorious Revolution is that it established Parliament’s power to govern the affairs of Great Britain as well as the right to name the next monarch to rule.
  3. 3. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 2 | P a g e Creek Indian Tribe The Creek Indian Tribes had their own agenda: To become the dominant tribe in the region, they needed to vanquish their longtime enemies, the pro-French Choctaws to the west & the Spanish-allied Apalanchees to the South. It is believed that the Creek culture began as a way to guard against other larger conquering Indian tribes of the region. The Confederacy was in constant flux, its numbers &land possessions ever- changing as small bands joined & withdrew from the alliance. In the early 1500's, the Creeks dominated all of the South-East United States up until the 1600's when the Europeans, would force them westward to Alabama. Was made out of the remains of the several separate tribes that occupied Georgia & Alabama in the American Colonial Period. The Creek Indian people The Creek Indian Tribe was important because they tried to keep the peace with the white man, but unluckily, that peace was not meant to be because settlers from Europe reached America & encroached on Creek Indian lands. Ultimately, war broke out & the Creek Nation separated, some fighting against the white man & other formed allies with them. Middle Passage The Middle Passage was a brutal sea voyage that cost nearly a million African slaves their lives. The captives had little to eat or drink, & some vomit below-decks provoked outbreaks of dysentery, which took more lives. Some slaves jumped overboard, choosing to drown rather than endure more suffering. In the 18th&19th centuries From Africa to the Americas Europeans (Europe traded their goods to Africa, & slaves were brought to North & South America& then exported for raw goods which were transported back to Europe)
  4. 4. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 3 | P a g e The Middle Passage was important becauseit was easy to make a manufacturing system out of slave trade, which played a huge role in strikingoutdiscrimination&Nativism encountered later in history. Also, the huge population transfer helped shape the cultural identity of much of the Americas& thebasis of the triangle trading system helped strengthen Europe’s economy further. Stono Rebellion The Stono Rebellion is aslave rebellion that worried whites & caused plantations to kill more Africans. This rebellion was the largest slave uprising. 1739 South Carolina The Catholic government of the Spanish colony of Florida started the revolt by promising freedom to fugitive slaves. Then the slaves revolted. The Stono Rebellion was important because it was the largest slave uprising in the British colonies proceeding to the American Revolution.This rebellion is one of the earliest recognized acts of rebellion against slavery within the boundaries of the present United States. Gentility Gentility was a refined but elaborate lifestyle &elegant manners that came to be highly prized among well-to-do English families. They replaced their modest wooden houses with mansions of brick & mortar. As time passed after the 1720’s Chesapeake& the planters were from London but then went back to America The Planters started with Gentility to model themselves on the English Aristocracy Gentility was important because it was how the planters started to have manners & a respectable & educated life. The planters educated their sons in London as lawyers & gentlemen & they expected them to return to America, marry local hairdressers,
  5. 5. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 4 | P a g e &assume their fathers role: managing plantations, socializing with fellow gentry, & run political systems. Bills of Exchange The Bills of Exchange are Credit slips that British manufacturers, West Indian planters, & America merchants used in place of currency to settle transactions. The planters used these bills to buy slaves from Africa & to pay North America farmers & merchants for their provisions & shipping services. 18th century London West Indian planters The Bills of Exchange were important because with these bills, the West Indians could receive credit from London merchants & not be defrauded. Also, this is how the Indians could buy slaves & pay to other people. What the mainland colonist did, was exchange the Bills for British manufactures like, textile & iron goods. Probate Inventory Probate Inventory is an accounting of a person’s property at the time of death, as recorded by court appointed officials. 1740-1810 Virginia & Maryland Bookkeeping of a person’s possessions (so it was workers & other people). Probate Inventories were important because they are of great value to historians: these detailed lists of personal property, household items, & financial assets & debts tell us a good deal about people’s lives. Mercantilism Mercantilism is an economic philosophy or practice in which England established the colonies to provide raw materials to the Mother Country; the colonies received
  6. 6. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 5 | P a g e manufactured goods in return.Adam Smith created the term mercantile system to define the system of political economy that wanted to improve the country by limiting imports & boosting exports. 16th to the late 18thcenturies. This system dominated Western European economic thought & policies American Merchants Mercantilism was important because those countries that practiced it had a growing economy, but those who didn't, had an average to bad economy. Also, having merchants didn’t only create jobs, but also helped people to get goods that they need& the taxes that merchants collected from sales facilitatedthe production of tax revenues. Land Banks The Land Banks were an institution, established by a colonial legislature that printed paper money & lent it to farmers, taking a lien on their land to ensure repayment. The farmers used the currency to buy tools or livestock or to pay creditors, thereby stimulating trade. 17th& 18th century Ten colonial assemblies Colonial assemblies to farmers The Land Banks were important because it helped farmers develop themselves into a better trading system among the Crown & other industrialization organizations. They had an easier way of improving their economy because with the paper money, they could easily buy or sell thing to help their life.
  7. 7. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 6 | P a g e Section 2: Short Answers 1. What was the role of the colonies in the British Mercantilist System? The English Crown had pursued Mercantilist policies, using government supports & recorded to encourage English & foreign trade & they stretched their mercantilist strategies to the American settlements through the Navigation acts. The role of the colonies in the British Mercantilist System was to produce agricultural goods & raw materials. Then the English merchants would carry themto the home country& would be re-exported or manufactured into finished products. Their English merchants extended their taskforces, which increased in capacity from 15,000 tons in 1640 to 340,000 tons in 1690. 2. Explain the causes and the results of the Glorious Revolution in England and America. Throughout the Glorious Revolution in England, politicians & ministers in Boston & New York led revolts that ousted Dominion officials & repudiated their authority. One of the causes includes the King James II revoke of charters of many English towns, disallowed the recommendation of Parliament, &provokedwidespreaddisagreement by openly practicing Roman Catholicism. In New York, Jacob Leisler led the rebellion against the Dominion of New England. The outcome in England was a result of a quick & bloodless coup, James II was forced to outcast& Mary, his Protestant daughter by his first wife, became Queen. She raised personal freedoms&governmental powers. The changes in England generated rebellions by colonies in Massachusetts, Maryland, & New York. The Dominion of New England was broken up, creating the new royal colony of Massachusetts. The Glorious Revolution began a new, non-authoritarian political era in both England & America. Some of the results also included another period of lax political administration. The home government forced only a few laws & taxes on the North American settlements, allowed rule by local elites, & encouraged English merchants to develop them as sources of trade. 3. How did the South Atlantic System work, and what were its major elements? How did it shape the development of the various colonies? Britain’s attention on America reproduced the growth of a new agricultural & commercial order that manufactured sugar, tobacco, rice, & other subtropical products for a global market. The South Atlantic System had its focus in Brazil & the West Indies, & sugar was its primary product. There were three major components of the South Atlantic Systems: lands
  8. 8. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 7 | P a g e takenfrom Indians were turned into agricultural estate; imprisonedworkers were bought in Africa; &capital & ships were provided by Europeans. Europeans bought Africans in Africa, transported them to the Americas, & carried raw materials manufactured on Indian land by enslaved Africans back to Europe for resale out of the country. Sincethe climate & location, some colonies (Brazil, the Carolinas, Barbados, &Jamaica)remainedfit to plantation agriculture & slave labor, & as a result it grew rapidly into slave based agricultural plantation colonies. 4. What role did Africans play in the expansion of the Atlantic Slave Trade? What was the role of Europeans? European merchants, investors, & planters garnered the profits of the South Atlantic System. But it was the Atlantic Slave Trade that made the system run. Throughout, 1520 & 1650, Portuguese traders carried about 820,000 Africans across the Atlantic. Africans were enslaved by fellow African leaders who sought to trade them for Europeans’ guns to improve African military power, arms which then allowed Africans to obtain more slaves to sell to Europeans, which extended the slave trade over time. Europeans had the capital, trade goods, & ships to transport slaves bought from Africans to the Americas. Europeans also created a plantation agricultural system in many American colonies. African slaves worked on the plantations, but mainly on sugar plantations. Though approximately 11 million enslaved Africans boarded ships to the Americans, only 0.5 million landed in the present-day United States. 5. How did the ideas and policies of the English Whigs affect British and Colonial Politics between 1700 and 1760? The Central control manipulated by English monarchs was debilitated, in part by the discouragement of faith in the integrity of the political system brought by salutary neglect, a major Whig policy during the early 1700s. Higher taxes & a stuffedgovernmentseparated the British people, who felt their liberties were shrinking as a result. The Salutary Neglects was a by-product of the political system developed by Sir Robert Walpole, the Whig leader in the House of Commons from 1720 to 1742. By providing supporters with appointments & pensions, Walpole won parliamentary approval for the policies. 6. What was the British Policy of Salutary Neglect? Why did the British follow this policy and what were its consequences?
  9. 9. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 8 | P a g e In 1775, British political philosopher Edmund Burke would praise strategies as salutary neglect. The Salutary neglect was a Whig policy of peacefulmanagement of the colonies in favor of protection&trade, enabled the rise of self-government in the colonies. It was an illegal strategy instigated by Prime Minister Walpole that calmed the administration of Great Britain's strict rules & trade laws in relation to its North American colonies. Royal appointees progressively cared little about colonial respect to the Crown, &more about making a profit from their office. As Parliament &royals focused more on trade &protection, American colonists improvedthe powers of representative bodies, leading the way for later demands of political equality &independence. Section 3: Summary Questions 1. Describe the dramatic expansion of the British Empire in North America in the late 17th and early 18th centuries? What role did the South Atlantic System play? The British Empire from the beginning of time, all that they wanted to do is grow crops for trade & a greater empire throughout the Americas so they could become wealthier& a more powerful kingdom. Growth throughout theroyal warfare with France & Spain, land taking from Indians, mercantilist policies, &Salutary Neglect helped the British monarchy expand from monocrop plantation colonies in the West Indies to a more differentiated economic & social organization in the Eastern colonies of North America. The South Atlantic system was crucial, but the Atlantic Slave Trade was even worse, & was just for the benefit of the British & other colonies so they could increase the political powers of the Englishgovernment in importantprovinces, like the WestIndies & the Carolinas. The arrival of thousands of African slave laborers helped the economic growth of rural areas, but much of the slave population died because they were out into harsh conditions that infected them with diseases. The rapid explosion of a plantation style economy supplemented private landholders, who served as the motivation for expanding black chattel slavery &extending imperial control deeper into Indian communities. 2. In what ways did the politics in the British Empire change in the decades following the Glorious Revolution? How do you explain those changes? Many events emerged decades following the Glorious Revolution,like Bill Of Rights, Formation of parliamentary rule instead of the Monarchs absolute power. Many other
  10. 10. Lucero Castaneda AP US HISTORY Ms.Lampley 9 | P a g e things emerged. After the Glorious Revolution, the British Empire became graduallydispersed, with colonial meetings taking on greater responsibilities & powers over the Crown &Parliament. Consequently, a new empire based on traderesulted & colonial rebellions increased. Also, then the English Whigs confronted the hierarchical viewpointof England as part of anoverallmovement to increase free trade. They also won the fight for a constitutional monarchy that restricted the power of the Crown, & started the movement toward democratic colonies.

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