World Heritage Sites in Italy


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World Heritage Sites in Italy

  1. 1. LIGURIA : • Portovenere; •Cinque Terre; •Islands of Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto. LOMBARDY : •Sacri Monti; •Rock Drawings in Valcamonica.
  2. 2. PORTOVENERE: Portovenere is a little town located on the Liguria coast of Italy in the district of La Spezia. For its extension is the smallest town in La Spezia. Since 1997 Portovenere is an Unesco’s site. In this little town the main sights are: • The gothic church of St. Peter consecrated in 1198; • The romanesque church of St. Lawrence, erected in 1098 by the Genoese; •The Doria Caste.
  3. 3. CINQUE TERRE : The “Cinque Terre” is located in Liguria to the West of the city of La spezia. It is composed by five villages: • Monterosso al Mare •Vernazza; • Corniglia; •Manarola; •Riomaggiore;
  4. 4. PALMARIA : Palmaria island is located in the westernmost end of the Gulf of La Spezia; Palmaria is the biggest of the three islands. It is located in the North. TINO: Tino island is located between Palmaria and Tinetto islands; Because of its shape, it is considered the“half island”of the Gulf of La Spezia. TINETTO : Tinetto island is the smallest of the three islands. It is located in the South of the Gulf of La Spezia.
  5. 5. SACRI MONTI OF LOMBARDY: The “Sacri Monti” of Piedmont and Lombardy are nine groups of Chapels located in the North of Italy. The“Sacri Monti”are dedicated to various aspects of the Christian faith. The “Sacri Monti” in Lombardy are: • The “Sacro Monte” of the Rosary in Varese; • The “Sacro Monte” of the blessed Virgin of Succour in Como.
  6. 6. ROCK DRAWINGS IN VALCAMONICA The stone carvings of Valcamonica are one of the largest collections of prehistoric petroglyphs in the world. Many of the incisions were made over a time period of eight thousand years; while the most recent petroglyphs are attributed to the people of Camunni. Most of these figures have a logical relationship between them, for example, they can all rapresent a hunting or a religious rite scene. Some parks of rocks art are: • The National Park of Rock Drawings of Naquane; • The Archaeological Park of Massi di Cemmo.
  7. 7. VENETO
  8. 8. Venice Venice is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The heart of the city is Piazza San Marco, other symbols of the city are Ponte Dei Sospiri, Palazzo Ducale and Ponte Di Rialto.
  9. 9. Arena Di Verona The Arena of Verona is a Roman Amphitheater located in the historic center of Verona . During the summer it is used for the famous Lyric Festival.
  10. 10. Juliet’s Balcony The house with Juliet's balcony is located in Verona, it has been renovated from 1937 to 1940 by Antonio Avena, he was inspired by the American film “Romeo and Juliet”.
  11. 11. Friuli-Venezia Giulia Aquileia (in Friuli-Venezia Giulia), one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire, was destroyed by Attila in the mid-5th century. Most of it still lies unexcavated beneath the fields, and as such it constitutes the greatest archaeological reserve of its kind. The patriarchal
  12. 12. The Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia is one of the most important buildings of Christianity. It is a flat- roofed basilica erected by Patriarch Poppo in 1031 on the site of an earlier church, and rebuilt about 1379 in the Gothic style by Patriarch Marquad. It played a decisive role in the spread of Christianity into central Europe in the early Middle Ages.
  13. 13. EMILIA – ROMAGNA
  14. 14. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna Ravenna was the seat of the Roman Empire in the 5th century and then of Byzantine Italy until the 8th century. It has a unique collection of early Christian mosaics and monuments There are eight buildings (the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, the Neonian Baptistery, the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo the Church of San Vitale which show great artistic skill, including a wonderful blend of Greco-Roman tradition.
  15. 15. Ferrara, which grew up around a ford over the River Po, became an intellectual and artistic centre that attracted the greatest minds of the Italian Renaissance in the 15th and 16th centuries. Here, Piero della Francesca, Jacopo Bellini and Andrea Mantegna decorated the palaces of the House of Este.
  16. 16. The imposing castle in the city centre was started in 1385 for Nicolò II d’Este to defend the family. Under Ercole I it became the dynasty’s permanent residence. Although sections are now used as government offices, many of the rooms, including the royal suites, are open to visitors. It is a natural reserve situated in the Delta area of the Po river. The area is a large wetland formed by marshes, channels, lagoons, rivers and sea. It is an excellent area for birdwatching :
  17. 17. Tuscany is an Italian region situed in the centre of Italy … There are three UNESCO sites:
  18. 18. The historic centre of Florence, known as distric number one, was ufficially recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982.
  19. 19. Siena is a classic medieval hilly town, famous for its large fan- shaped piazza. Piazza del Campo is the heart of the town that, twice a year, hosts the famous summer horse-race, known as “Il Palio”. Siena is one of prettiest medieval Italian towns. Its fame reched its peak in the period between 1260 and 1348 when it was one of wealthiest European cities as the buildings and art works of that time still testifies that.
  20. 20. Standing in a large green area, Piazza del Duomo houses a group of monuments known all over the world. These four masterpieces of medieval architecture – the cathedral, the baptistry, the campanile (the 'Leaning Tower') and the cemetery – had a great influence on monumental art in Italy from the 11th to the 14th century.
  21. 21. The Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi is the mother church of the Franciscan Friars in Assisi, Italy, the city where St. Francis was born and died. The basilica is one of the most important places of Christian pilgrimage in Italy and it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000. Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi
  22. 22. The basilica, which was begun in 1228, is built into the side of a hill and comprises two churches known as the Upper Church and the Lower Church. The interior of the Upper Church is an important early example of the Gothic style in Italy. Upper Church Lower Church
  23. 23. The Upper and Lower Churches are decorated with frescoes by numerous late medieval painters from the Roman and Tuscan schools, and include works by Cimabue, Giotto and Simone Martini. A detail of a fresco by Giotto in the Basilica of St Francis in Assisi.
  24. 24. Giotto’s frescoes These are Giotto’s frescoes “Il Compianto del Cristo Morto” on the left and “Sposalizio di San Francesco” on the right.
  25. 25. “La morte di San Francesco” “Il miracolo della fonte”
  26. 26. The small hill town of URBINO, in the Marche, experienced a great cultural flowering in the 15th century, attracting artists and scholars from all over Italy and beyond, and influencing cultural developments elsewhere in Europe. Owing to its economic and cultural stagnation from the 16th century onwards, it has preserved its Renaissance appearance to a remarkable extent.
  27. 27. In Lazio there are three very important UNESCO world heritage places: The etruscan necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia The historic centre of Rome Villa Adriana
  28. 28. Visitors to these cities can see necropolises dating back to the Etruscan times and learn about fascinating burial practices used before the birth of Christ. Tombs located here are either monumental or cut into rocks and topped by murial mounds. Many of Cerveteri and Tarquinia tombs feature carvings and paintings of excellent quality. Cerveteri and Tarquinia
  29. 29. The historic centre of Rome Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC, Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan’s Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings.
  30. 30. Hadrian’s villa was constructed at Tibur (Tivoli) for the Emperor Hadrian.
  31. 31. Sardinia’s sea is the most beautiful one in Europe. . .
  32. 32. The complex consists of circular defensive towers in the form of truncated cones built of dressed stone, with corbel-vaulted internal chambers. The complex at Barumini, which was extended and reinforced in the first half of the 1st millennium under Carthaginian pressure, is the finest and most complete example of this remarkable form of prehistoric architecture. During the late 2nd millennium B.C. in the Bronze Age, a special type of defensive structure known as nuraghi (for which no parallel exists anywhere else in the world) developed on the island of Sardinia. Su Nuraxi di Barumini
  33. 33. It is a former royal residence in Caserta, built by the architecht Luigi Vanvitelli under commission of Charles VII of Naples. Its construction began in 1752 and it had been on of the largest buildings in Europe in the 18° century. In 1997 the Palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  34. 34. The Palace is in the Baroque style and has for model the Palace of Versailles. The Palace is divided into 4 interior courtyards and it’s surrounded by a wide park divided into 2 sectors: the Italian Garden and the English Garden. The complex has got 1200 rooms and 1790 windows and covers an area of 44.000 m². The Honour Grand Staircase introduces the public to the Royal apartments which were created in the 1700s and 1800s.
  35. 35. Here we can see the library…
  36. 36. …The fountains… The Fountain of Ceres The Fountain of Diana and Actaeon and the cascades
  37. 37. All the water of the cascades comes from the Vanvitelli’s Acqueduct (or Caroline Acqueduct) which was built to supply all the fountains of the Palace of Caserta and the San Leucio Complex. It was commissioned by Charles of Bourbon and designed by Vanvitelli. It takes the waters from Mount Taburno.
  38. 38. The Amalfi Coast It’s a stretch of coastline of the Sorrentine Peninsula in the Province of Salerno. In 1997, the Amalfi Coast was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as a cultural landscape. It is a popular destination for tourists who want to go to the seaside and enjoy the athmosphere of the coast.
  39. 39. The Archaeological Areas of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata are Roman towns which were partially distroyed and buried under 4 to 6 metres of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79. They were rediscovered in 1749. Nowadays they are Unesco World Heritage sites and their open excavations attract lots of tourists from all over the world.
  40. 40. BASILICATA
  41. 41. The Sassi and the Rupestrian Churches of Matera
  42. 42. The Sassi of Matera and their park represent an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement and land use showing the evolution of a culture that has maintained over time a harmonious relationship with its natural environment.
  43. 43. Puglia
  44. 44. Castel del Monte
  45. 45. In its formal perfection and its harmonious blending of cultural elements from northern Europe, the Muslim world, and classical antiquity, Castel del Monte is a unique masterpiece of medieval military architecture, reflecting the humanism of its founder, Frederick II of Hohenstaufen.
  46. 46. Trulli of Alberobello
  47. 47. The trulli are in the southern region of Puglia. They are made of roughly worked limestone boulders collected from neighbouring fields. Characteristically, they feature pyramidal, domed or conical roofs built up of limestone slabs.
  48. 48. SICILY
  49. 49. Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it is an autonomous region of Italy. Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea. It extends from the tip of the Apennine peninsula from which it is separated only by narrow Strait of Messina, towards the North African coast. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate.
  50. 50. The Valley of the Temples in Agrigento, Sicily, consists of seven magnificent ancient Greek temples from the 6th and 5th centuries BC. Located just south of the modern city of Agrigento, the temples are nestled among olive trees on a ridge near the sea. An eighth Classical temple can be seen embedded in a medieval church in town. The Valley of the Temples
  51. 51. Syracuse and the rocky necropolis of Pantalica The Necropolis of Pantalica is a large necropolis in Sicily with over 5000 tombs dating from the 13th to the 7th centuries BC. Pantalica is situated in the valleys of the rivers Anapo and Calcinara, between the towns of Ferla and Sortino in south- eastern Sicily.
  52. 52. Villa Romana del Casale is a Roman villa built in the first quarter of the 4th century and located about 5 km outside the town of Piazza Armerina, Sicily, southern Italy. It houses the richest, largest and most complex collection of Roman mosaics in the world. Villa Romana del Casale