HRM Case Review Uitm


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HRM Case Review Uitm

  1. 1. Human Resource Management Powerpoint Templates Page 1
  2. 2. MEMBERSNOOR AQILAH BT. MOHD ARIFF 2010561541 NORSHILA BT. JAYA 2010919871 NURUL WAHIDA BINTI SUBRI 2010393671 NUR AISYAH BINTI MAHBOB 2010312861 Powerpoint Templates Page 2
  3. 3. Summary of case study• J.D Wallace, a 30 year old engineer with Betchel Engineering and possessed a skill of working out with the software technology for engineering, Plant Design System (PDS). PDS is a system that required a skill to develop and most demanded skill in industry. However, some workers did not interested to develop this skill. Wallace pointed out that improving skill is important for career development and it isTemplates waste of time 3 Powerpoint not a Page
  4. 4. Question 1:Is Wallace concerned with job security or career security? Discuss. Powerpoint Templates Page 4
  5. 5. Introduction• Job is something you do without much concern for the long-term.• You get a job to buy your first car, to have extra spending money, to learn about work, or to pay the bills.• When young people work part-time in retail sales jobs, they aren’t thinking of it as a career.• The same goes for senior citizens who take on jobs after they’ve retired. It is simply work done in exchange for money.• Jobs are important for people of all ages. Powerpoint Templates A job can put food on the family table. Page 5
  6. 6. • Most careers start with education. Many people work jobs because they don’t have the education needed to enter careers, though jobs can certainly turn into careers, regardless of type of employment.• Careers are about building on experience and advancing your job skills and knowledge.• You can apply for a job, but you Page 6 Powerpoint Templates
  7. 7. • “Career” is a lifelong process made up of a sequence of activities and related attitudes or behaviours that take place in a person’s work life.• It is also viewed as: a pattern of work related experiences, such as job positions, jobs duties or activities, work related decisions; and subjective interpretations of work related events, such as work aspirations, expectations, values, needs and feelings about particular work experiences, that span the course of a person’s life. (Greenhaus, et al. 2000)• Apparently, a career is not just a job, but revolves around a process, an attitude, Page 7 Powerpoint Templates
  8. 8. • However, during the last few decades there is concept that individuals are also responsible to cater to and build their own careers, instead of leaving it entirely to the organisation to manage.• Hence, career management requires initiative from both organisations as well as individuals in order to provide maximum benefit for both.• Career development is about the Page 8 Powerpoint Templates
  9. 9. In this case study, Wallace is concerned with thecareer security.• Definition Job security used to mean finding a position in a good company, showing up on time, performing your job reasonably well, and having fairly predictable advancement up the ranks. We all know that is no longer true.• Job Security is transformed into Career Security Nowadays ,job security has changed. We have moved from a position of seniority to one of promoting performance,Templatesone of security Page 9 Powerpoint from to
  10. 10. • Career security is not a continued reliance on a company or position, but a new way of approaching your job and your career. It is a method that will give you the ability to continue to earn a living no matter what happens to your job or the company.• The problem is, It is difficult for people to find new jobs or keep their current job if they do not have the ability to do the jobs. Unfortunately, a lot of people do not realize the importance of learning new skills. They believe their many years of Powerpoint Templates working experience are enough to makePage 10
  11. 11. How to secure career?1. Maintain Employability Portable competencies and experience in critical projects are always in demand, regardless of who your employer is. Gathering and maintaining this experience is the key to employability rather than mere employment. To maintain and increase employability, gather skills in these areas: Experience on "hot" projects in your area of practice, particularly if you believe this experience will be in demand in the future. For example, if you believe that Plant Design System (PDS )is the fastest growing and most demanded skill in Page 11 Powerpoint Templates
  12. 12.  People and project management skills are highly valued in todays team-based multi-agency projects. Gain experience in working with diverse groups, from fellow engineers, to regulators, to permit agencies, to the public. Learn and expand project management skills in handling project schedules, management, and financial accountability. Build your skills andTemplates Powerpoint reputation as a Page 12
  13. 13. 2.Develop Your Network - Make your skills and experience known Competence is necessary but not sufficient for career security. While it is important to be good at your job, your security also lies in others knowing that.• Make sure you are visible by choice, not by chance. Do this by developing and maintaining a professional network. These are the people who know your value in the marketplace and will often help you find (or be a reference for) your next career move. These people should not only be key decision makers within the organizations, but also clients, co-workers, suppliers, and industry leaders outside the organization.• Your best security comes from recognition and appreciation by others in your engineering community. Powerpoint Templates Page 13
  14. 14. 3. Adapt to todays market reality Todays organizations need employees who have the capability to do several tasks or be deployed to work on a variety of projects. It is important not to be too specialized, or pidgin- holed into a narrow field. Broaden your career options. Develop multiple ways you can go. Be flexible and nimble. Also be adaptable to our constantly changing technology. Eagerly embrace new technologies that improve your efficiency and increase the value added to organizations. Adapt to a companys organizational changes. With department re-organizations happening constantly, understand the value you add and the way you can continue to be a positive Powerpoint Templates productive contributor for whatever Page 14
  15. 15. Based on the article given, Wallace ismore concerned with the careersecurity based on the comparisonbetween the job and career. It is basedon three characteristics: 1.Time 2.Requirement 3.Benefits Obtained. Powerpoint Templates Page 15
  16. 16. Time• Based on the definitions given by the Oxford dictionary, career and job are totally different things. Career is the profession held by an individual throughout his work life and job is an activity which is exchanged for payment. From the definition we can see that career hold a long-time activities from job. To make it easy to understand, career Templates Powerpoint is developed over Page 16
  17. 17. = Caree Job + Job + r. JobDesig Mark Manage ner eting r Powerpoint Templates Page 17
  18. 18. • Based on the article, Wallace is more focused on career security in terms of when he repeatedly said that getting new skills is important to add value to the company and link it to the benefits that you have for more skilled workers. Skills obtained through out training given by the organization can be used in long-term period which is more focused on career security. Such example, an scientist who has good research skillTemplates promoted Page 18 Powerpoint can be
  19. 19. Requirement• To secure career, the requirement needed is more than the requirement needed for a job. Job is focused on one activity which is need to be completed by the employees while career is the ongoing job improvement or job development. Such example, from a trainee to be a manager, there are special training need to be involved by the employees in order to carry out the 19 Powerpoint Templates Page
  20. 20. How amI goingto bepromoted? Powerpoint Templates Page 20
  21. 21. • Based on the articles, Wallace focused on career security when again, he repeatedly saying about getting new skills through training. Requirement of securing career is to have a lot of skills where the key of securing career is when there is high demand on the skills that you have ( William Barnson, 2010). Such example, the a clerk who has an excellent writing, editing, communication and research skills can be promoted to be a Public Relations Officer which a job that requires these skills. However, special training need to be held in order to implement more skills on graphics and audio which is needed also to be a Public Relations 21 Powerpoint Templates Page
  22. 22. Benefits of securing career• Next, the benefits of securing the careers rather than securing the jobs. Career is an activity which is broad while job the activity is focus only on one thing. Such example, career is about the life of a CEO who is originated from only a supervisor and with his will, determination and hard work, he becomes a CEO at his company. The flow of the jobs done shows the ongoing career of the CEO. There are two benefits that can be obtained if securing 22 Powerpoint Templates Page
  23. 23. Powerpoint Templates Page 23
  24. 24. • Career security can improves the life conditions of an employee. – If the employee focused on securing the career rather than focusing job security, he can improve the life conditions. Based on the articles, Wallace told about how his friends who are quitting his current job for a job who gives him 35% more salary. This shows that Wallace focusing on how to secure the career by improving and learning new skills. Better life condition Powerpoint Templates does not mean bigger salary for more Page 24
  25. 25. • New experience from the jobs taken. – As what has been explained from the beginning, the scope between job and career is completely different. Career is wide and job is narrow due to the work done. The benefits that can be gained from securing the career is that more and more experience gained through out the process. Career, is a series of jobs done, thus the experience on working different jobs gives out different experience to the person. Based on the article, Wallace is pressuring on getting new skills, which it is linked to securing the career. Powerpoint Templates However, besides the skills obtained, the Page 25
  26. 26. • Both of the points given that career security is more beneficial to a person rather than securing the job. To relate with the article, adding the value of the an employee to the organization as what Wallace stressed in the article to secure the career of the employee through out various of training and education taken is important and through training it will increased the Powerpointhave by the skills Templates Page 26
  27. 27. Definition of Career Development•The planned succession of jobs worked out by a firm to develop its employees (Mondy & Powerpoint Templates Page 27
  28. 28. Objective of Career Development of• To help individuals cope with continued changes in the world work• To help individuals understand their unique abilities, interests, and attitudes• To Improve the performance through on the job training experience provided by horizontal and vertical career moves• To provide up-to-date occupational information and other labor marketPage 28 Powerpoint Templates
  29. 29. Question• Do you agree with Wallace statement that “improving you skills is never a waste of time,” considering that he has learned systems which quickly become obsoletes? Discuss. Powerpoint Templates Page 29
  30. 30. Answer: YES!WHYYYYYYYY? Powerpoint Templates Page 30
  31. 31. Advantages in improving skills 1. Boost Productivity J.D. Wallace always keep track of the latest development in the computer industry He learns to acquire the latest engineering software design program, Plant Design System (PDS) that is used to create a 3D model of a petro-chemical refinery PDS is the fastest growing and most sought after skill in the industry It is also a major design system that most of their clients prefer Powerpoint Templates Page 31
  32. 32. 2.Increase confidence levelContinue learning and acquiring new skills will also increase confidence level in the person like J.D. Wallace to perform his duties in the company where he worksHe will not find himself redundant in the company Powerpoint Templates Page 32
  33. 33. 3. Wider job opportunityThe ability to operate the latest system and to continue learning and acquiring new skills will enable engineers like J.D. Wallace to easily find employment in other companies or to keep their current job. Powerpoint Templates Page 33
  34. 34. 4. Promotion Engineers such as J.D. Wallace who realizes the importance of learning new technology and the related skills have become the most sought after employees in the industry. Powerpoint Templates Page 34
  35. 35. 5. SalaryIt is an undeniable fact that engineers equipped with all the latest skills in the industry like J.D. Wallace will command a high salary. Powerpoint Templates Page 35
  36. 36. Examples:• Engineering software design program:-AutoCAD 2003 AutoCAD 2007 AutoCAD2010• Other examples: Cartier and Solid Work Powerpoint Templates Page 36
  37. 37. Challenges in improving skill in career development Powerpoint Templates Page 37
  38. 38. 1. Current Economy ConditionCost to the company:• Organizations now focus on the advancement of a few carefully selected employees for career growth as cost-cutting, downsizing and flatter organizational structures have reduced or eliminated career development functions. Powerpoint Templates Page 38
  39. 39. 2. Technology Changes Due to world globalization, technology keep changing and updating. Especially in engineering occupation which is handling machines and software, e.g: PDS (Plant Design System) PDS is updating periodically Page 39 Powerpoint Templates
  40. 40. 3. Attitudes Toward Work Some of the workers define their personal success only in terms of financial gains rather than job opportunity.Employees also ensconced in a comfort zone created by having secure position for too long. Lack of motivation. “ A survey of more than 3000 workers, 86 percent saidPowerpoint Templates being fulfillment at work Page 40
  41. 41. Ways to overcome challenges Powerpoint Templates Page 41
  42. 42. 1. Employer’s Responsibility (Betchel Engineering) Create more training and development programmed that can benefit all the workers. It is encouraging if the opportunity to go for the training cover all the workers, in all level and department. Provides a special fund of the career development for the workers. Special fund is very important as it is an long term investment in a company. Powerpoint Templates Page 42
  43. 43. Promotion by merit not seniority, evaluation based on performance of the workers will motivate them to improve skill and keep going forward. “If it is a learning that can lead to an improvement in business process or production process, then not implementing it can lead to productivity losses. Therefore, only those firms which can constantly capture such intrinsic knowledge that happens every day in the shopfloor, can be competitive and sustainable (Wickramasinghe, 2006)”.Eliminates worker who do not performed well and low productivity to lighten the Page 43 Powerpoint Templates
  44. 44. 2. Employees Responsibilities (workers at the Betchel Engineering)It is duty of workers to plan and develop their skills and expertise. The skills need to be developed by the new idea of improvement, handling crisis, and application universal solution for all problems.Employees need to understand the company’s culture values, vision and mission.They by themselves need to be aware of 44 Powerpoint Templates Page
  45. 45. Conclusion• Presently, in order to secure career position in our life, we must realize that we must be knowledgeable and stay current or we will be left behind.• Workers with the needed skills gets the priority and have a lot of options. They can just choose any company that they want that best suites their future career.• Workers today must do whatever it takes to get the training and skills needed to keep their jobs. Some workers do change companies to get the necessary training and huge salary in order to secure their careers.• Workers without those skills have very limited choices becausePowerpoint Templates value to their they do not add companies. Page 45
  46. 46. ReferencesBarnson, W. (May, 27, 2010). Bounce back like a champion. Indiana: AuthorHouseBaruch, Y. (2004). Transforming careers: From linear to multidirectional career paths - organisational and individual perspectives. Career Development International, 9(1), 58 – 73Bohlander,G & Snell,S. (2012). Principles of Human Resource Management. South-WesternBola Adekola, (2011, May). Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, Career Planning and Career Management as Correlates for Career Powerpoint Templates Development and Job Satisfaction. 1(2). Page 46
  47. 47. Difference between the Job and Career. (2012, 29 April). Retrieved from vs-career-the-difference-between-a-job-and-a- career.html.Greenhaus, J.G., Callanan, G.A., & Godshalk, V.M. (2000). Career management. (3rd ed.). New York: The Dryden Press.Paredes, R. R. (1999). CareersIT 2000: A New Guide to Computer Occupations. Graduate School, USDA Center for Applied TechnologyPlant Design System. Powerpoint Templates Retrieved from (2012, 29 April). Page 47
  48. 48. Weddles, P. (2009). Career Security. Retrieved from html Powerpoint Templates Page 48