Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Ch12
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Ch12

566

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
566
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
41
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e Chapter 12Supporting Printers and Scanners
  • 2. Objectives• Learn how printers and scanners work• Learn how to install printers and scanners and how to share a printer over a local area network• Learn about routine maintenance tasks necessary to support printers and scanners• Learn how to troubleshoot printer and scanner problemsA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 2
  • 3. Introduction• General topics – The most popular types of printers – How printers work – How to support printers and scanners• Specific skills to acquire – Installing a printer and scanner – Sharing a printer with others on a network – Maintaining printers and scanners – Troubleshooting printer and scanner problemsA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 3
  • 4. How Printers and Scanners Work• Multiple ways to connect printer/scanners to a PC – Examples: parallel port, serial port, wireless connection• Printers can be combined with other devices; e.g., fax• Metrics used to rate a printer: – Warm-up time (time to print the first page) – The resolution (measured in dpi or dots per inch) – Maximum duty cycle (monthly quota set by warranty) – Printing speed (measured in PPM or pages per minute) – Technology for formatting a page; e.g., PostScript• Types: impact (e.g., dot matrix), nonimpact (e.g., laser) A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 4
  • 5. Laser Printers• Overview of how electrophotography works – Toner is placed on an electrically charged rotating drum – Toner is deposited on paper moving at the drum speed• Six steps of laser printing – Cleaning: drum cleaned of residual toner and charge – Conditioning: drum surface is charged to -600 V – Writing: laser beam writes -100 V image to drum surface – Developing: toner is applied to -100 V areas of the drum – Transferring: toner drawn off drum and onto the paper – Fusing: heat and pressure used to fuser toner to paper A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 5
  • 6. Figure 12-2 The six progressive steps of laser printingA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 6
  • 7. Inkjet Printers• Overview of inkjet printer technology: – The print head moves across the paper • One line of text is created with each pass – Ink is applied to paper using a matrix of small dots • Plates with magnetic charge direct path to the page• Comparison to laser printers – Resolution tends to be lower – Images tend to smudge on inexpensive paper – Usually less expensive• Advice: buy printer with color and black ink cartridges A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 7
  • 8. Figure 12-7 The ink cartridges of an inkjet printerA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 8
  • 9. Dot Matrix Printers• Overview of dot matrix printer technology: – A print head moves across the width of the paper – Pins are used to print a matrix of dots on the page • Pins shoot against a cloth ribbon • Ribbon impacts the paper, depositing the ink• Dot matrix printer technology is obsolescent• Guidelines for maintaining print heads – Keep the printer in a cool, well-ventilated area – Do not print over 50 to 75 pages without a cool downA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 9
  • 10. Figure 12-8 Keep the print head of a dot matrix printer as cool as possible so that it will last longerA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 10
  • 11. Thermal Printers and Solid Ink Printers• Nonimpact printers that use heat to produce output• Overview of thermal printer technology – Wax-based ink is heated by heat pins – Heat pins melt the ink onto paper• Overview of dye-sublimation printer technology – Print head passes over and heats each color film – Heated film causes dye to vaporize onto glossy paper• Overview of solid ink printer technology – Ink in solid blocks (color sticks) is melted into print head – Head jets ink onto paper as it passes by on a drum A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 11
  • 12. Introducing Scanners• Scanner: converts an image into a digital file• Types: flat-bed, sheet-fed, and portable (handheld)• Other features used to select scanners: – Scanning speed: especially important for high volume – Scanner resolution: at least 400 dpi (dots per inch) – Scanning mode: color, black and white, grayscale – Preview mode: for previewing and editing input page – Bundled software: may include image-editing program – Maximum document size: might be 81/2 x 11 or larger – File formats: might be JPEG, TIFF, PDF, GIF, HTML – Connection to PC: might be USB, FireWire, or SCSIA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 12
  • 13. Figure 12-10 The HP Scanjet 3970 is a type of flat-bed scannerA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 13
  • 14. Introducing Scanners (continued)• Overview of scanner technology: – A motor moves scanning head across paper on glass – Fluorescent lamp under glass shines light onto paper – Reflected light is diverted by set of mirrors into a lens – Lens focuses light onto a series of diodes – Diodes convert the light into electrical current – Varying amounts of current are digitized and sent to PC – PC converts digital signals into a graphics (or text) file• OCR (optical character recognition) software – Interprets written text for storage in text files A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 14
  • 15. Figure 12-13 How a flat-bed scanner worksA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 15
  • 16. Installing and Sharing a Printer• Two ways a printer is connected to the network – By way of connection to a computer (indirect) – By way of an Ethernet port on the printer (direct)• PCs on a network need drivers to use the printer• Topics covered in this section – How to install a local printer – How to share that printer with others on the networkA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 16
  • 17. Installing a Local Printer• Steps taken when a hot-pluggable port is used: – Log onto the system as an administrator – Launch the CD setup program – Follow installation instructions from setup program – Connect the printer to the port (USB) – The setup program detects the printer and tells you – Test the printer from the Printers window – Show user how to use the printer and any add-onsA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 17
  • 18. Figure 12-14 The printer setup program installs the driversA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 18
  • 19. Installing a Local Printer (continued)• Steps taken when an older port is used: – Plug in the printer to the port and turn on the printer – Launch setup program from manufacturer’s CD • Alternative: use the Windows installation process – Follow directions onscreen to install printer – Test the printer in the Printers windowA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 19
  • 20. Sharing a Printer with Others in a Workgroup• File and Printer Sharing – Must be installed to share a local printer using Windows• Client for Microsoft Networks – Must be installed to use shared printer on a remote PC• Overview of how to share a local printer – Open printer’s Properties dialog box and select Sharing – Select share this printer and enter a name for the printer – Make drivers available in Additional Drivers window• Remote PC must have network printer drivers – Can be installed from setup CD or from host PC A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 20
  • 21. Figure 12-21 Sharing a printer on a Windows XP PCA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 21
  • 22. Sharing a Printer with Others in a Workgroup (continued)• Critical steps when installing printer driver from CD – Indicate that you want to use a network printer – Enter the host computer name and printer name• Using My Network Places to find a network printer – Right-click printer in My Network Places – Select Connect from the shortcut menu • Drivers from the host may be installed• Network Neighborhood – Used in Windows 9x/Me to locate a network printer A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 22
  • 23. Figure 12-23 To use a network printer under Windows XP, enter the host computer name followed by the printer name, or have Windows XP browse the network for shared printersA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 23
  • 24. Figure 12-25 Install a shared printer in Windows XP using My Network PlacesA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 24
  • 25. Sharing a Printer with Others in a Workgroup (continued)• Three ways to make a printer available on a network: – Attach a regular printer to a PC that is part of network – Connect a network printer directly to the network – Use a print server to manage requests from client PCs• Sources of drivers: Manufacturer’s CD or Web site• Critical steps for the last two methods – Configure local printer to use a standard TCP/IP port – Identify printer name or IP address of network printer – Select the correct driver to be installed A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 25
  • 26. Figure 12-27 Enter the printer name or IP address to identify the printer on the networkA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 26
  • 27. Maintaining Printers and Scanners• How to extend working life of printers and scanners – Follow the manufacturer’s directions for device use – Perform the necessary routine maintenance• Maintenance topics: – Communication protocols used by printers – Managing printers – Installing and supporting a scannerA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 27
  • 28. Printer Languages• Communication methods – Printer uses PostScript commands to build the page – Printer uses PCL commands to build the page • PCL: Printer Control Language – Windows GDI builds page, then sends it to the printer • GDI: Graphics Device Interface – Raw data is printed with little-to-no formatting• Spooling (simultaneous peripheral operations online) – Process of queuing print requests from application• Bidirectional communication: printer and OS can talk A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 28
  • 29. Using Windows to Manage Printing• Some tasks performed from Printers and Faxes – Delete printers – Change the Windows default printer – Purge print jobs to troubleshoot failed printing – Manage printer settings and options• How to adding new equipment to a printer – Install physical device; e.g., stapler and stacker unit – Enable new equipment in Properties window of printer• Some printers allow you to install extra memory• Obtain driver upgrades to add new functionalityA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 29
  • 30. Figure 12-29 Manage print jobs using the printer windowA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 30
  • 31. Figure 12-32 Optional printer equipment has been installed by WindowsA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 31
  • 32. Routine Printer Maintenance• Sources of specific maintenance procedures – Printer documentation – The manufacturer’s Web site• Printer consumables – Examples: paper, toner cartridges, ink cartridges – Advice: keep a full supply of consumables on hand• Printer maintenance kit – Specific printer components – Step-by-step instructions for performing maintenance – Special tools or equipmentA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 32
  • 33. Routine Printer Maintenance (continued)• Cleaning a printer – Clean the outside of the printer with a damp cloth – Do not use ammonia-based cleaners – Clean the inside of the printer with a dry cloth – Do not blow out toner with compressed air – Two safe tools • Toner-certified vacuum cleaner • Extension magnet brush – Uses of software: clean inkjet nozzles, align cartridges – Cartridge nozzles may have to be manually cleanedA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 33
  • 34. Figure 12-38 Use the Services tab in the Printing Preferences window to service this inkjet printerA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 34
  • 35. Figure 12-39 Clean the area around the nozzle plate with a damp cotton swabA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 35
  • 36. Routine Printer Maintenance (continued)• Some of many resources at OEM’s Web site – Online documentation, drivers, replacement parts• Manual shows how to access firmware utility• Updating firmware (for HP 8100 DN network printer) – Enter printer’s IP address in browser address box • The opening window of the utility appears – Click Administration and then the Support tab – Connect to the HP Web site – Search for updates and the download the softwareA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 36
  • 37. Figure 12-40 The network printer firmware is accessed on the network using a browserA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 37
  • 38. Figure 12-42 Locate any firmware updates for the printer on the HP Web siteA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 38
  • 39. Supporting Scanners• Overview of how to install a USB scanner – Launch the setup CD before connecting the scanner – Follow onscreen software installation instructions – Connect the scanner, plug it in, and turn it on – Test the scanner by scanning and saving an image• Scanner routine maintenance – Read scanner documentation – Use utility software to adjust settings; e.g., resolution – Clean glass with soft dry cloth or mild glass cleanerA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 39
  • 40. Figure 12-45 Make adjustments before the final scan is madeA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 40
  • 41. Figure 12-47 Setting preferences for a scannerA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 41
  • 42. Troubleshooting Printers and Scanners• Section topics – General printer troubleshooting – Troubleshooting problems specific to each printer type• General tasks performed during troubleshooting – Interview the user – Find out what works and does not work – Make an initial determination of the problem – If problem is solved, check with the client – Document problem symptoms and solutions A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 42
  • 43. Printer Does Not Print• Organize diagnostic questions in a flowchart• Some questions to ask for problems with the printer – Does the printer have paper? – Is the paper installed correctly? – Is the paper damp or wrinkled?• Some tasks for fixing a problem with a cable or port – Check that the cable is firmly connected at both ends – Try a different cable, use a shorter cable – Enter CMOS setup and check the port configurationA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 43
  • 44. Figure 12-49 How to isolate a printer problemA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 44
  • 45. Printer Does Not Print (continued)• Some tasks for troubleshooting network connection – Turn the printer off and back on or reboot the PC – Verify that the correct default printer is selected – Try installing a second supported network protocol• A few ways to fix problems from Windows printing – Delete all print jobs in the printer’s queue – Check the Event Viewer for printer issues – Verify printer properties; e.g., lower resolution – Uncheck “Enable bidirectional support for printer” – Disable printer spoolingA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 45
  • 46. Figure 12-52 Disable printer spoolingA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 46
  • 47. Printer Does Not Print (continued)• A few ways to troubleshoot application problems – Verify that the correct printer is selected – Try printing from a different application file – Delete any files in the print spool – Reboot the PC – Try printing from another application – Close any applications that are not being used – Add more memory to the printer – Remove and reinstall the printer driversA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 47
  • 48. Problems with Laser Printers• Poor print quality or toner low message displayed – Unplug a heated printer and allow it to cool – Replace the toner cartridge – Try a different brand of paper – Clean the inside of the printer• Printer stays in warm-up mode – Turn off the printer and disconnect the cable to PC – Verify that the cable is connected to the correct port – Verify that data is being sent to the correct port – Try printing from another PCA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 48
  • 49. Problems with Laser Printers (continued)• A paper jam occurs or paper out message appears – Check for jammed paper in input tray and output bin – Damp paper can cause paper jams• One or more white streaks appear in the print – Remove the toner cartridge, shake it, and reinstall – Remove and clean the developer unit• Print appears speckled – Try replacing the cartridge – Replace the laser drumA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 49
  • 50. Problems with Laser Printers (continued)• Printed images are distorted – Check for debris interfering with the printer operation – Inspect photoreceptor drum for wear• Printing is slow – Clean up the drive, install a new drive if necessary – Add more memory to the printer• A portion of the page does not print – Add more memory – Print only simple pages with few graphicsA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 50
  • 51. Problems with Inkjet Printers• Print quality is poor – Remove and reinstall the cartridge• Printing is intermittent or absent – Make sure the correct printer driver is installed• Lines or dots are missing from the printed page – Clean the inkjet nozzles• Ink streaks appear on the printed page – Clean the inkjet nozzles• Paper is jammed: open back door, remove paperA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 51
  • 52. Figure 12-53 Open the door on the back of an inkjet printer to remove jammed paperA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 52
  • 53. Problems with Dot Matrix Printers• Print quality is poor – Replace the ribbon, if it is not advancing normally – Check the printer’s advance mechanism – Adjust the print head spacing – Check the print head for dirt• Print head moves back and forth but nothing prints – Check the ribbon installation – Replace a dried out ribbonA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 53
  • 54. Troubleshooting Scanners• Turn off scanner, unplug it, re-plug it, turn it back on• Disconnect and reconnect the USB cable• Try rebooting your computer• Clean up the hard drive• Use troubleshooting softwareA+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 54
  • 55. Summary• Printer metrics: warm-up time, resolution, maximum duty cycle, printing speed, page formatting• Impact printers: dot matrix• Nonimpact printers: laser, inkjet, solid ink, thermal dye-sublimation, printers• Six steps in laser printing: cleaning, conditioning, writing, developing, transferring, and fusing A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 55
  • 56. Summary (continued)• Scanner: converts an image into a digital file• Three types of scanners are flat-bed, sheet-fed, and portable scanners• Printer communication protocols: PostScript, PCL, Windows GDI• A printer is configured in Printers and Faxes (Windows XP) or Printers windows (Windows 2000)• Routine maintenance extends the working life of printers and scanners A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e 56

×