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-General Winfield Scott was a hero of the Mexcian War and commander of all the troops in 1861 which led Lincoln to use the naval blockade that was strategized by him. This plan was called the Anaconda Plan where it would try to not only to block the resources from the Southerners but try to split the them so that they would surrender and not have a bloody war.
- John Brown unlike most other Northerners, who advocated peaceful resistance to the pro-slavery faction, Brown demanded violent action in response to Southern aggression. During the Kansas campaign he and his supporters killed five pro-slavery southerners in what became known as the Pottawatomie Massacre in May 1856. In 1859 he led a raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. During the raid, he seized the armory; seven people were killed, and ten or more were injured. He intended to arm slaves with weapons from the arsenal, but the attack failed.
Dorothea Lynde Dix was an American activist on behalf of the uneducated who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums. During the Civil War, she served as Superintendent of Army Nurses.
Robert E. Lee January 1807-October 1870 (C)
-Robert Edward Lee is known as perhaps the greatest general of the civil war. He kept the confederate side strong in the first two years of the war stopping McClellan's threat to Richmond in the Seven Days Battle, defeating Pope in the Battle of Manassas, and defeating Hooker at Chancellorsville.
Jefferson Davis June 1808 – December 1889 (c)
He was a vice president before the war and when the civil war started he was appointed by the people as a confederate leader. He tried to make deals with foreign countries and didn't have great insight in Southern economics. After the war he was compared with Abraham Lincoln for not being a great leader.
Andrew Johnson December 1808-July 1875 (U)
Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of the United States. Following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Johnson presided over the Reconstruction era of the United States in the four years after the American Civil War. His tenure was controversial as his positions favoring the white South came under heavy political attack from Republicans. However, at first he was viewed energetic and effective in fighting the rebellion and beginning transition to Reconstruction. But, after his death, he was commonly ranked as being among the worst U.S. presidents.
Abraham Lincoln February 1809-April 1865 (U)
-Abraham Lincoln was the president where he was an Republican unionist and believed that slavery shouldn't expand anymore, but he had won without any of the southern countries which made the southerners angry. They felt that their opinion didn't matter at all in the country or the Union and decided to succeed to create the Confederates States of America. After becoming president, he directly opposed slavery which led to the succession of more southern states to lead to the Civil War. Later on Lincoln got reelected and in 1865 with the surrender of the confederates, ended the Civil War and abolished slavery.
Charles Sumner January 1811-March 1874 (u)
Charles Sumner was an American politician and statesman from Massachusetts. An academic lawyer and a powerful orator, Sumner was the leader of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts and a leader of the Radical Republicans in the United States Senate. He was the one that tried to get rights for the free slaves and approved many laws.
Harriet Beecher Stowe June 1811-July 1896 (U)
-Harriet Beecher Stowe was a courageous woman during the Civil War. She stood up against slavery in many forms such as public speaking, which was never done by women of this time. She also wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin which was an international statement against slavery.
Stephen Douglas April 1813-June 1861 (c)
Before the war he was in the Republican party; however, when he lost to Abraham Lincoln he came out from the party.Douglas was well-known as a resourceful party leader, and an adroit, ready, skillful tactician in debate and passage of legislation. He participated in many of the debates about slavery and he usually was very democratic rather than being bias. During start of the Civil war he went to the north with his people, but dies soon.
General Joseph Hooker November 1814-October 1879 (u)
-General Hooker was yet another Union general that served under Abraham Lincoln. During the Civil War, Hooker observed the weaknesses of the military leadership and sent a letter to Abraham Lincoln, promoting his own skill. He was then appointed to serve under McClellan and train the Army of Potomac.
General Irvin McDowell October 1818-May 1885(U)
-General Irvin McDowell was a commander of an unprepared union group that was forced to battle against the more prepared confederates that were led by General Beauregard. In the beginning, the northern union group were advances against the southern group but in the middle a confederate General Jackson's army had halted the Union advance. From this, everyone in General McDowell's army were scared and ran away north where this battle was known as the First Battle of Bull Run.
William Tecumseh Sherman February 1820-February 1891 (u)
William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War, for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness. When he thought the war was almost over he wen to Florida and made all the Confederate armies surrender against the Union.
Clara Barton December 1821 – April 1912 (b)
Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton was a pioneer American teacher, nurse, and humanitarian. She is best remembered for organizing the American Red Cross.
General John Pope March 1822 – September 1892 (u)
-General John Pope was known for his bravery in the Mexican War. After a rocky start in the civil war, General John Pope was promoted to command the Army of Virginia. However, he faced major defeats as Robert E. Lee, an opposing Confederate general, trapped his army in the Second Battle of Bull Run.
General Ulysses S. Grant April 1822-July 1885 (u)
-General Ulysses S. Grant led one of the most successful Union forces due to his success at organizing and training an army. He had led to an important victory for the North by conquering Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. Then General Johnston had led an attack to Grant's army making them retreat until they were reinforced and beat Johnston's army again.This was known was the Battle of Shiloh which was the bloodiest single battle and destroyed the hopes of war.
General Stonewall Jackson January 1824-May 1863 (c)
General Thomas Jackson had been named "Stonewall" Jackson when he had successfully blocked the northern union to advance any further. Later on he things of a brilliant act of deception pretending to prepare for attack on Washington where he then slips through to join General Lee's army to attack the northern unionists. Then as a diversion, they go and attack General Pope's army where Pope's army and Jackson and Lee's army meet to have battle.
George Pickett January 1825-July 1875 (c)
-George Pickett is most famous for the Battle of Gettysburg and Pickett's Charge. Pickett's division marched on to make this charge, and this was one of the bloodiest days of the War. Over 50% of the Confederates were killed, leaving Pickett with "no division".
General George McClellan December 1826-October 1885 (u)
-General George McClellan was young for commanding but was an outstanding organizer, excellent strategist, and was well liked by troops where he was first ordered to build and command a new army. Later on he had the victorious Battle of Seven Pines while going toward to conquering Richmond the confederate's capital, but the lost against General Jackson and Lee during the Seven Days' Battles where he then retreated. Then he had found a copy of General Lee's plan where they had met in Maryland and fought the Battle of Antietam which was the bloodiest day in Civil War with the confederates retreating.
Sergeant William Carney February 1840-December 1908 (u)
-Sergeant William Carney stands out because he was an African-American fighting in this war. He had been born a slave, but worked hard to buy freedom for he and his family. During the Battle of Fort Wagner, Carney's bravery and heroics, got him promoted to sergeant, and provided him with the US Medal of Honor.