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The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
The Greenbook of Zurich
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The Greenbook of Zurich


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The Green Book of the city of Zurich's Office of Parks and Open Spaces (Grün Stadt Zürich) represents a comprehensive strategy for the city of Zurich’s green and open spaces and for its green …

The Green Book of the city of Zurich's Office of Parks and Open Spaces (Grün Stadt Zürich) represents a comprehensive strategy for the city of Zurich’s green and open spaces and for its green knowledge. A good city-wide linking of concepts and aims is needed to ensure that the different paths of urban development do not get in the way of each other.
With these stated objectives and specific statements, we will ensure the significance of green space in Zurich – for the good of the urban population and for the good of Nature.

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  • The Green Book of Zürich – published in 2006 - is the 10 year strategy from Grün Stadt Zürich for its green and open Spaces and the green Knowledge. You have got a translation of the whole Green book on CD with the documents for the congress. ‚ Grün Stadt Zürich GSZ‘ means Office of parks and open Spaces. In the translated green book and in my presentation we use our german name ‚Grün Stadt Zürich‘ or the shortname GSZ
  • These are the subjects of my presentation for the next half an hour.
  • Some information about our company: The Office of Parks and Open Spaces includes the following divisions: Promotion of Nature, Planning & Construction, Maintenance, Operations & Logistics, and the Back Office Unit. GSZ employs roughly 430 motivated staff in 35 different professions, 24 of which are “green professions” (gardeners, farmers, landscape architects etc.) We offer further training options for our employees and provide apprenticeships for 40 trainees in 9 different professions Grün Stadt Zürich provides field work projects for 80 – 100 persons from municipal welfare programs. We tend almost 1500 acres (= 600 ha) of parks, 3,000 acres (= 1,200 ha) of urban forest, 20 cemeteries and about 22’000 trees lining streets in a close-to-nature and environmentally-friendly way GSZ leases out almost 6,000 parcels of land as allotment gardens. We assess about 800 building applications per year.
  • Development of the Green Book The Green Book corresponds to the culture of GSZ, defining the future by involving employees and in discussion with key partners and external experts. Interfaces became transparent and had to be discussed. Different approaches and terms had to be reassessed. The broad support structure within GSZ guarantees that this undertaking will be completed, in that it has been continuously examined in terms of viability. There is also a high degree of emotional commitment on the part of those involved. The Green Book was published in 2006
  • Ev weg lassen aus Zeitgründen It‘s not the public finance that is a scarce commodity in the city of Zurich, it‘s all about space. So far we are not concerned about a shrinking city. Considerable areas are needed for housing, education and research. Building projects focus on open spaces. But there is also competitive pressure among different recreational facilities, for example allotment gardens versus football. While written down in the Green Book GSZ communicates its attitude and objectives in an open and transparent way to the other municipal offices. GSZ also strives for a fair and transparent weighing up of interests and benefits on the issues of urban development. May I set just an example why company-wide goals are necessary: Forest wardens, gamekeepers, planners of recreational areas, farmers or conservationists all have many different viewpoints of the design and maintenance of the edges of a forest. That‘s why you have to reach agreement on how to manage things in order to reach the goals together.
  • Integral planning – what does it mean? Cemeteries, forests and wildlife, horticulture, landscape development, sports grounds, species promotion, Nature Schools, tree-lined avenues – all of these specialist areas have their own planning regulations. The time periods and content vary but the planning regulations are standardised. Why then plan integrally? The reasons for this are as follows: The processes are more effective if they are designed in an integral manner and are completed in closed cycles. If specialist planning documents are coordinated with each other un-ambiguously, the disadvantages of the sectoral method employed to date can be overcome. Integral planning and action promotes interlinked thinking and is geared towards the needs of the users. The most important process steps are outlined in the “Integral Planning” process management. The darker arrows indicate the main directions, the lighter arrows indicate feedback.
  • New public management and the overall budget have a major influence on performance targets. The question as to what demands must be satisfied is at the very forefront and replaces the budget-optimisation mentality. GSZ has sought binding comprehensible processes for its organisational development. The main process is based on provision and demand, that is to say the interplay between performance and those on the receiving end of the performance: > Provision: Who does what for whom? Demand: Who wants what from whom? The management tools are parts of this cycle and support this transmission.
  • Environment and Trends This section outlines the overall context within which the core topics of the Green Book are viewed and which exogenic factors should be taken into consideration. The trends indicate key general developments. Value added levy and reverse zoning These two requirements will shape political discussions on spatial development in the next few years. However, it is uncertain to what extent they can be implemented. The recommendation of the Spatial Planning to the cantons is as follows: Consistently strive for a value added levy and planning yields with regard to sustainability. Even clearer are the demands from environmental associations that are increasingly discussing this topic. What is the value of green space? The State Secretariat for Economic Affairs in Berne has identified the benefits of the landscape for the Swiss trourism industry and has valued it, conservatively, at 2.5 billion francs per year. Federal financing A study published in 2001 by the Swiss Foundation for Landscape Protection highlighted the fact that around 90% of direct or indirect regionally effective subsidies from the Confederation, amounting to around 90 billion francs, tend to have a negative effect on the landscape. Less fertilizer, fewer pesticides The trend towards the continued contamination of soil seems to have been halted in Switzerland: the use of phosphorus mineral fertilizers has fallen by 75% in Swiss agriculture between 1990 and 2000; today its consumption is only half what it was in 1950. Green is healthy A large percentage of the population is overweight today and the trend is rising. The city of Zurich is developing a strategy for health promotion for its population and also for its employees and regularly publishes a health report.
  • Green and Open Spaces This section discusses specific land-related topics, describing their current state, target state in 10 years time, key indicators and fields of action. Basic Principles This section sets out the objectives and fields of action that affect all topics: all kind of green and open spaces and the environmental education and the company itself. Environmental Education This section outlines the objectives and fields of action of Green Knowledge.
  • The linking of subjects shows for each topic area how it is arranged within the structure of GSZ and which product groups and customer groups are affected. It also shows the sustainability claims and indicators (according to MONET) that the topic area affects. In the following presentation of the topics I will give a very short summery of the objectives “in 10 years …” I will not mention the indicators or the field of actions in this short time.
  • (not GSZ land, influence on third-party land sought by means of management agreements within the City Council, via planning permission processes, inventories and active consultation). Derivation: The residential environment always comes in first place top in terms of quality of life in the estimation of the population.
  • Derivation: Each and every user group places its own demands on the shape and form of day-to-day relaxation and just as diverse and varied is the need for open spaces and infrastructure. This increasingly leads to conflicts of use on these limited areas. The need to use green spaces and open spaces for public and commercial events has increased significantly in recent years.
  • The following strategic focal areas have been defined on objectives and fields of action specified in the Green Book. These are key functions for a continued successful green outcome. Quality of life: GSZ will make available high-quality green and open spaces in the ever more densely-built city. These will offer the residential and working population, as well as visitors to the city, many opportunities for recreation, exercise, meeting up as well as experiences with nature and will therefore be much appreciated by the population. Biodiversity: GSZ will promote the diversity of species by environmental friendly maintenance and production in harmony with nature, by linking habitats and targeted protection measures. These measures will be highly accepted within the population. Green Knowledge: By means of its “Green Knowledge” approach, GSZ will promote an understanding of Nature, starting in kindergartens and progressing right through to teaching and research in universities. Attractive education about nature will be a fixed element within Zurich, the city of knowledge. Nature Schools, the Succulent Plant Collection, the Municipal Botanical Garden and Nursery and Zurich Wilderness Park (Wildnispark Zürich) will all be popular and well-known green educational centres. Influence on external land: GSZ will improve the quality of green space in possession of other authorities, residential builders, and private individuals with consultancy, partnerships and project support. Conservation of soil fertility: GSZ will prevent further contamination of soil to maintain its fertility by means of consultation and environmentally-friendly maintenance and production.
  • Adequate and varied recreational space: GSZ will provide an attractive range of open spaces to meet the needs of the population. In underserved areas, hitherto designated open spaces will be opened up for further recreational use or new park facilities will be created. Social responsibility: Green spaces will contribute to the integration of the different population groups and social strata. As an employer, GSZ will create integration jobs for skilled craftsmen and women. Communication and participation: Within the population itself, understanding will be promoted for different environmental issues and pleasure will be taken in the variety of green spaces around the city. The development of the green spaces will take place with the involvement of those affected by it. Integral planning: GSZ will strive for a long-term holistic development of green spaces by means of interdisciplinary planning within the city and also beyond the boundaries of the city. This integral planning will ensure the transfer from the different planning levels through to implementation within GSZ. Outcome-orientated approach: GSZ will cost-effectively provide green services to meet the demand and will systematically measure the outcome to continuously improve benefits to customers.
  • What is more: this comprehensive environmental approach only costs the citizens of Zurich 53 centimes per day.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Green Book of Zurich Integral planning – outcome-orientated action
    • 2. Content
      • Future of the City of Zurich
      • The Company Grün Stadt Zurich GSZ
      • How the Green Book was established
      • The Topics of the Green Book
      • Ten strategic Priorities for GSZ
    • 3.
      • The City Council’s strategic thrust for sustainable urban development
      The Future of the City of Zurich Zurich is … … a cosmopolitan and tolerant city that is globally networked and has excellent connections . … an internationally important innovative and dynamic knowledge and economic centre with solid finances. … an attractive city in which to live with a stable population that is equal to the number of available jobs. … a city with the highest quality of living, owing to its location, culture, infrastructure and environmental conditions. … an environmentally and socially responsible city and a strong partner for its neighbours and Switzerland as a whole.
    • 4. The Company Grün Stadt Zürich GSZ
      • Green and open spaces play a significant role in the
      • quality of life in the city of Zurich. GSZ is responsible for
      • ensuring the required quality of green city space and
      • will guarantee the following:
      • Relaxation
      • Leisure and recreation
      • Experiences in nature
      • Conservation of nature and the countryside
      • Securing of land reserves
    • 5. Grün Stadt Zürich Promotion of Nature Planning & Construction Maintenance Operations & Logistics Back Office Unit Directorate
    • 6. How the Green Book was established
    • 7. Objectives and Target Audience
      • The Green Book is targeted at different groups with different
      • objectives:
      • Zurich City Council for political advice and decision-making
      • The City Parliament of Zurich for political advice and opinion-forming
      • Employees of Grün Stadt Zürich as aims and objectives
      • The relevant offices of the City and Canton for consideration in planning
      • The “Verbund Lebensraum Zürich VLZ” (Association for Zurich Living Space) and other partner organisations for discussion and support
      • Offices of open green spaces from other cities and interested groups for the exchange of information
      • Academies and research institutions for in-depth scientific consolidation and support
    • 8. Integral Planning: What does it mean? Specifications from Confederation / Canton External influences City Council specifications Benchmarking / EFQM / ISO 14‘001 GSZ concepts External concepts / strategies GSZ bases / databases External bases / databases Objectives / Strategies
      • Green and open spaces
      • Basic principles
      • Environmental education
      • The Company
      New Public Management Products Balance of effects
      • Understanding/promotion of nature
      • Natural areas / open spaces
      • Spatial and building management
      • Natural products
      • Services
      • Support products
      ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼
    • 9. Outcome-orientated action: What is it all about? Ordering Customers Grün Stadt Zürich, Management Understanding and promotion of nature ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ Service providers (who) Services (what) Clients (for whom) Support (back office unit) Natural areas, open spaces Spatial- and building management Natural products Services Promotion of Nature Planning & Construction Maintenance Operations & Logistics Teachers / Pupils Researchers People seeking relaxation Residents / Employees Sports people Lessees / Tenants Purchasers of goods Developers / Planners ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ ▲ ▼ Input Output Provision Demand
    • 10. Environment and Trends
      • Some examples of exogenic factors and trends taken into
      • consideration …
      • Value added levy and reverse zoning
      • What is the value of green space?
      • Federal financing
      • Less fertilizer, fewer pesticides
      • Green is healthy
    • 11. The Topics of the Green Book
      • Green and Open Spaces
      • Urban Landscape
      • Parks, Squares and common Land
      • Designates open Spaces
      • Basic Principles
      • Biodiversity
      • Environment
      • Provision of open Space
      • Use of open Spaces
      • Design of open Spaces and Horticulture Heritage
      • Participation and Partnership
      • Environmental Education
      • Green Knowledge
      • Living and Working Environment
      • Forestry
      • Agriculture
    • 12. Structure of the Topics
      • Linkings of Subjects (within Green Book, to Strukture GSZ and Sustainability)
      • Today …
      • In 10 Years …
      • Indicators today and Objectives for 10 Years
      • The Fields of Actions
    • 13. Urban Landscape
    • 14. Urban Landscape … in 10 Years
      • The city's framework of open spaces is of a high quality, meets the needs of the
      • population, is well connected and ensures the large-scale interlinking of habitats
      • for flora and fauna.
      • Thanks to inter-regional cooperation, the valuable areas of landscape will be
      • secured for the long term and will be developed in a very specific manner. The
      • Sihl Forest Wilderness Park is a key component of this.
      • The "green" city on the lake embodies the image of Zurich. Compact building
      • methods guarantee that land is maintained in an economical manner and make
      • use of the adequate available reserves of existing building zones.
      • The buffer zones and recreational zones within the residential area meet the
      • increasing needs of the residential and working population for recreation, provide
      • superior habitats for flora and fauna and act as reserves for the land-use
      • requirements of future generations.
    • 15. Parks, Squares and Common Land
    • 16. Parks, Squares and Common Land… in 10 Years
      • Public open spaces shape the quality of recreation and thus also the quality of life
      • in Zurich and allow people to use them in a number of different ways free of
      • charge.
      • Parks and squares are key meeting points in public life and offer a high quality of
      • recreational space.
      • The grounds along the lakeside are Zurich's visiting card. The cooperation of
      • different land uses is based on mutual respect and coexistence.
      • Over and above the intensively used lakeside areas, the river environments and
      • the Allmend Brunau common land offer extensive additional recreational space.
      • The open spaces in the districts of the city make a key contribution to the
      • population identifying with the city, they are well connected and thus safely
      • accessible.
    • 17. Designated Open Spaces
      • Objectives for
      • Cemeteries
      • Allotments and Recreational Gardens
      • Sport Grounds and Swimming Facilities
      • Playgrounds and Schoolyards
      • Green in the Streets
      • Watercourses
    • 18. Designated Open Spaces … in 10 Years
      • In 10 years ... Zurich will have a wide, balanced, adequate and well-connected
      • range of designated open spaces with a good quality of land use.
      • The provision will be based on current and proven needs.
      • Should requirements change, land use will be adapted to a justifiable extent. Land
      • use needs will be taken into account by fairly and transparently balancing legally
      • protected interests.
      • Designated open spaces will be used, wherever possible, for other uses –
      • especially for public recreation.
    • 19. Living and Working Environment
    • 20. Living and Working Environment … in 10 Years
      • If post-compaction takes place in districts, this will be of a high quality in terms of
      • the design and use of open spaces and the environment.
      • The most valuable open space elements that shape the character of a district,
      • including for instance trees or front gardens, will be retained.
      • The living environment and edges of the residential areas will be designed to a
      • higher quality in new build projects.
      • Green spaces will preferably be free from being built underneath so that trees that
      • shape the character of the city can continue to thrive.
      • The inhabitants, landowners and planners will recognise the importance of the
      • living and working environment for the quality of life, image and property values
      • and will take their responsibility seriously.
    • 21. Forestry
    • 22. Forestry … in 10 Years
      • Forests are the largest publicly accessible open space in the metropolitan area
      • (around 1/4 of the total land area) and constitute an attractive, diverse recreational
      • area, offer experiences in nature and also form valuable habitats for flora and
      • fauna.
      • Work undertaken in private forests that is of benefit to the public is supported by
      • the City Council.
      • The forests are managed sustainably in compliance with the FSC and are key
      • reservoirs of water and climate regulators.
      • The sustainable use of timber corresponds to the net growth of the forest and the
      • timber is used as economically as possible with short distances to market.
    • 23. Agriculture
    • 24. Agriculture … in 10 Years
      • Agriculture, as a cost-effective method of managing green spaces, is managed by
      • 36 farms within the metropolitan area and makes up around 10% of the
      • metropolitan land area. It is primarily managed as organic farms and exemplary
      • animal rearing.
      • We promote the use and market of agricultural products within a close radius to
      • the farms and direct sales mean that the population has access to healthy food.
      • The "School on the Farm" programme provides a much-appreciated educational
      • service to children and young people in terms of so-called “Green Knowledge".
      • Additional outlay by farmers for specific environmental or community work is
      • compensated.
    • 25. Biodiversity
    • 26. Biodiversity … in 10 Years
      • The varied, linked habitats provide the livelihood for a rich flora and fauna and
      • guarantee a high level of biodiversity.
      • The most valuable municipal and inter-municipal habitats are protected in the long
      • term.
      • Wherever habitats worth protecting have to be relinquished, an adequate quantity
      • Of replacement area is provided, for instance by the grassing over of flat roofs.
      • The population recognizes and appreciates the high level of biodiversity and maintains their green spaces in harmony with nature.
    • 27. Environment
    • 28. Environment … in 10 Years
      • Zurich is an environmentally-friendly, sustainable city with good air quality and
      • clean water.
      • The care of green spaces in harmony with nature, minimal sealing of soil and light
      • pollution, all have a positive effect on the environment.
      • Management of land (forests, by agriculture or gardeners) produces excellent soil
      • fertility - if necessary polluted land may require environmentally-friendly and
      • economical renovation.
      • Trees fulfill their function as evaporators, providing shade and as excellent air
      • filters (a fully-grown deciduous tree can bind up to 1,000 kg of dust).
      • Timber waste and green waste both contribute to energy supply. Forestry and agriculture are important suppliers in the production of bio energy.
    • 29. Provision of Open Space
    • 30. Provision of Open Space … in 10 Years
      • 8 or 5 square meters of public multifunctional open space per inhabitant or
      • employee are stated planning guideline figures to guarantee adequate provision
      • of recreation for the population.
      • The quantitative securing of land is a fundamental principle to guarantee a
      • high quality of land use and design.
      • The open spaces are easily accessible and linked by a dense and safe network of
      • footpaths.
    • 31. Use of Open Spaces
    • 32. Use of Open Spaces … in 10 Years
      • Open spaces will be primarily geared towards general public and diverse, varied
      • use. The differing needs of the population for relaxation and recreation will be
      • met, i.e. from active and intensive use to oases of peace and calm.
      • Public interests will fundamentally come before private interests, such as
      • commercial events.
      • Specific uses can easily be reversed and adapted to changed needs, for instance
      • fashion-orientated leisure needs as short-term temporary land use.
      • Solutions will also be sought outside of the metropolitan area for designated land
      • use needs that cannot be met within the urban area.
      • Land use conflicts and the risks of overuse will be recognised at an early stage
      • and - wherever this is sensible - will be defused by participatory processes and
      • target-orientated cooperation. Coexistence and mutual acceptance will be worked
      • towards; options will also be examined in relation to the decentralisation of land
      • use by the specific provision of leisure facilities.
    • 33. Design of Open Spaces, Horticultural Heritage
    • 34. Design of Open Spaces, Heritage … in 10 Years
      • Municipal and, if possible, private open spaces will be characterised by their
      • excellent quality of contemporary design and will offer a platform for
      • art in the public domain, where this is deemed appropriate. They will be attractive
      • places for tourists to visit and will shape the image of Zurich.
      • The history and character of a location will be taken into account as part of the
      • design.
      • The cultural heritage of historical open spaces will be guaranteed - the most
      • valuable witnesses for horticultural architecture will be maintained according to
      • their needs and will be further developed in a targeted way.
      • The needs of children, the aged and the disabled will be considered equally.
    • 35. Participation and Partnership
    • 36. Participation and Partnership … in 10 Years
      • With its open and constructive conduct and approach, GSZ will be an equal
      • planning partner in all relevant urban development processes and in the planning
      • of the conurbation of Zurich.
      • Open spaces will be developed to meet needs and will be broad-based by
      • involving those affected in the planning process.
      • Cooperation with planners, for instance associations and societies, will be diverse
      • and mutual interests and benefits for both sides will be the prerequisites.
      • Our green efforts will be directed primarily towards the residential and working
      • population and towards visitors to the city.
    • 37. Environmental Education
    • 38. Environmental Education
      • Objectives for
      • Green Knowledge
      • Nature Schools
      • The Succulent Plant Collection
      • Nature Experience Park
      • Production and Maintenance in Harmony with Nature
    • 39. Environmental Education … in 10 Years
      • The "Green Knowledge" programme actively disseminates contemporary
      • education on sustainability, makes the population aware of biodiversity, health
      • and the management of green spaces in harmony with nature and production and,
      • in doing so, it appeals to all age groups.
      • GSZ focuses on Nature Schools, the Botanical Garden, the Succulent Plant
      • Collection, the Zurich Wilderness Park and on farms.
    • 40.
      • Ten strategic priorities for a sustainable environmental outcome:
      The Future of Grün Stadt Zurich
      • Quality of life
      • Biodiversity
      • Green Knowledge
      • Influence on external land
      • Conservation of soil fertility
    • 41.
      • Ten strategic priorities for a sustainable environmental outcome:
      The Future of the City of Zurich
      • Adequate and varied recreational space
      • Social responsibility
      • Communication and participation
      • Integral planning
      • Outcome-orientated action
    • 42. What is more: This comprehensive environmental approach costs the citizens of Zurich only 53 centimes per day!
    • 43. “ Zurich blossoms where we are working – we create quality of life.” Grün Stadt Zürich
    • 44.
      • Thank you for your Attention!