Get Back in Control of Your SQL with jOOQ at #Java2Days
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Get Back in Control of Your SQL with jOOQ at #Java2Days

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Get Back in Control of Your SQL with jOOQ, at #Java2Days. ...

Get Back in Control of Your SQL with jOOQ, at #Java2Days.

SQL is a powerful and highly expressive language for queries against relational databases. SQL is established, standardised and hardly challenged by alternative querying languages. Nonetheless, in the Java ecosystem, there had been few relevant steps forward since JDBC to better integrate SQL into Java. All attention was given to object-relational mapping and language abstractions on a higher level, such as OQL, HQL, JPQL, CriteriaQuery. In the mean time, these abstractions have become almost as complex as SQL itself, regardless of the headaches they're giving to DBAs who can no longer patch the generated SQL.

jOOQ is a dual-licensed Open Source product filling this gap. It implements SQL itself as an internal domain-specific language in Java, allowing for the typesafe construction and execution of SQL statements of arbitrary complexity. This includes nested selects, derived tables, joins, semi-joins, anti-joins, self-joins, aliasing, as well as many vendor-specific extensions such as stored procedures, arrays, user-defined types, recursive SQL, grouping sets, pivot tables, window functions and many other OLAP features. jOOQ also includes a source code generator allowing you to compile queries in modern IDEs such as Eclipse very efficiently.

jOOQ is a good choice in a Java application where SQL and the specific relational database are important. It is an alternative when JPA / Hibernate abstract too much, JDBC too little. It shows, how a modern domain-specific language can greatly increase developer productivity, internalising SQL into Java.

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Get Back in Control of Your SQL with jOOQ at #Java2Days Get Back in Control of Your SQL with jOOQ at #Java2Days Presentation Transcript

  • Get Back in Control of your SQL SQL and Java could work together so much better if we only let them. Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
  • Intro SQL and Java About my motivation SQL dominates database systems SQL seems «low level» and «dusty» SQL can do so much more SQL should be «sexy» again Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ JDBC PreparedStatement stmt = connection.prepareStatement( "SELECT text FROM products WHERE cust_id = ? AND value < ?"); stmt.setInt(1, custID); stmt.setBigDecimal(2, BigDecimal.ZERO); ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(); while (rs.next()) { System.out.println(rs.getString("TEXT")); } Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java JDBC – the naked truth 01: 02: 03: 04: 05: 06: 07: 08: 09: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 19: PreparedStatement stmt = connection.prepareStatement( "SELECT p.text txt" + (isAccount ? ", NVL(a.type, ?) " : "") + "FROM products p " + (isAccount ? " INNER JOIN accounts a USING (prod_id) " : "") + " WHERE p.cust_id = ? AND p.value < ?" + (isAccount ? " AND a.type LIKE '%" + type + "%'" : ""); stmt.setInt(1, defaultType); stmt.setInt(2, custID); stmt.setBigDecimal(3, BigDecimal.ZERO); ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(); while (rs.next()) { Clob clob = rs.getClob("TEXT"); System.out.println(clob.getSubString(1, (int) clob.length()); } rs.close(); stmt.close(); Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ Examples JDBC – the naked truth 01: 02: 03: 04: 05: 06: 07: 08: 09: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 19: PreparedStatement stmt = connection.prepareStatement( // "SELECT p.text txt" + // (isAccount ? ", NVL(a.type, ?) " : "") + // "FROM products p " + // Syntax error when isAccount == false (isAccount ? " INNER JOIN accounts a USING (prod_id) " : "") + // " WHERE p.cust_id = ? AND p.value < ?" + // (isAccount ? " AND a.type LIKE '%" + type + "%'" : ""); // Syntax error and SQL injection possible stmt.setInt(1, defaultType); // Wrong bind index stmt.setInt(2, custID); // stmt.setBigDecimal(3, BigDecimal.ZERO); // ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(); // while (rs.next()) { Clob clob = rs.getClob("TEXT"); System.out.println(clob.getSubString(1, (int) clob.length()); } // // ojdbc6: clob.free() should be called // // rs.close(); stmt.close(); // close() not really in finally block // Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
  • Intro SQL and Java EJB 2.0 EntityBeans public interface CustomerRequest extends EJBObject { BigInteger getId(); String getText(); void setText(String text); @Override void remove(); } public interface CustomerRequestHome extends EJBHome { CustomerRequest create(BigInteger id); CustomerRequest find(BigInteger id); } Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java EJB 2.0 – the naked truth <weblogic-enterprise-bean> <ejb-name>com.example.CustomerRequestHome</ejb-name> <entity-descriptor> <pool> <max-beans-in-free-pool>100</max-beans-in-free-pool> </pool> <entity-cache> <max-beans-in-cache>500</max-beans-in-cache> <idle-timeout-seconds>10</idle-timeout-seconds> <concurrency-strategy>Database</concurrency-strategy> </entity-cache> <persistence> <delay-updates-until-end-of-tx>True</delay-updates-until-end-of-tx> </persistence> <entity-clustering> <home-is-clusterable>False</home-is-clusterable> <home-load-algorithm>round-robin</home-load-algorithm> </entity-clustering> </entity-descriptor> <transaction-descriptor/> <enable-call-by-reference>True</enable-call-by-reference> <jndi-name>com.example.CustomerRequestHome</jndi-name> </weblogic-enterprise-bean> Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java Hibernate – ORM Session session = sessionFactory.openSession(); session.beginTransaction(); session.save(new Event("Conference", new Date()); session.save(new Event("After Party", new Date()); List result = session.createQuery("from Event").list(); for (Event event : (List<Event>) result) { System.out.println("Event : " + event.getTitle()); } session.getTransaction().commit(); session.close(); Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java Hibernate – «navigation» List result = session.createQuery("from Event").list(); for (Event event : (List<Event>) result) { System.out.println("Participants of " + event); for (Person person : event.getParticipants()) { Company company = person.getCompany(); System.out.println(person + " (" + company + ")"); } } Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ Hibernate – the naked truth <hibernate-mapping package="org.hibernate.tutorial.hbm"> <class name="Event" table="EVENTS"> <id name="id" column="EVENT_ID"> <generator class="increment"/> </id> <property name="date" type="timestamp" column="EVENT_DATE"/> <property name="title"/> <set name="participants" inverse="true"> <key column="eventId"/> <one-to-many entity-name="Person"/> </set> </class> </hibernate-mapping> Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ JPA and EJB 3.0 EntityManager em = factory.createEntityManager(); em.getTransaction().begin(); em.persist(new Event("Conference", new Date()); em.persist(new Event("After Party", new Date()); List result = em.createQuery("from Event").getResultList(); for (Event event : (List<Event>) result) { System.out.println("Event : " + event.getTitle()); } em.getTransaction().commit(); em.close(); Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ EJB 3.0 – the naked truth @Entity @Table(name = "EVENTS") public class Event { private Long id; private String title; private Date date; @Id @GeneratedValue(generator = "increment") @GenericGenerator(name = "increment", strategy = "increment") public Long getId() { /* … */ } @Temporal(TemporalType.TIMESTAMP) @Column(name = "EVENT_DATE") public Date getDate() { /* … */ } Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ Examples EJB 3.0 – Annotatiomania™ @OneToMany(mappedBy = "destCustomerId") @ManyToMany @Fetch(FetchMode.SUBSELECT) @JoinTable( name = "customer_dealer_map", joinColumns = { @JoinColumn(name = "customer_id", referencedColumnName = "id") }, inverseJoinColumns = { @JoinColumn(name = "dealer_id", referencedColumnName = "id") } ) private Collection dealers; Found at http://stackoverflow.com/q/17491912/521799 Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ Examples JPA 3.0 Preview – Annotatiomania™ @OneToMany @OneToManyMore @AnyOne @AnyBody @ManyToMany @Many @Fetch @FetchMany @FetchWithDiscriminator(name = "no_name") @JoinTable(joinColumns = { @JoinColumn(name = "customer_id", referencedColumnName = "id") }) @PrefetchJoinWithDiscriminator @IfJoiningAvoidHashJoins @ButUseHashJoinsWhenMoreThan(records = 1000) @XmlDataTransformable @SpringPrefechAdapter private Collection employees; Might not be true Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ Examples Criteria – the naked truth EntityManager em= ... CriteriaBuilder builder = em.getCriteriaBuilder(); CriteriaQuery<Person> criteria = builder.createQuery(Person.class); Root<Person> person = criteria.from(Person.class); Predicate condition = builder.gt(person.get(Person_.age), 20); criteria.where(condition); TypedQuery<Person> query = em.createQuery(query); List<Person> result = query.getResultList(); Found at http://docs.oracle.com/javaee/6/tutorial/doc/gjrij.html Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
  • Intro SQL and Java NoSQL? … Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ NoSQL? Seen at the O’Reilly Strata Conf: History of NoSQL by Mark Madsen. Picture published by Edd Dumbill Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ Examples SQL is so much more | TEXT | VOTES | RANK | PERCENT | |-------------|-------|------------|---------| | Hibernate | 1383 | 1 | 32 % | | jOOQ | 1029 | 2 | 23 % | | EclipseLink | 881 | 3 | 20 % | | JDBC | 533 | 4 | 12 % | | Spring JDBC | 451 | 5 | 10 % | Data may not be accurate… Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ SQL is so much more SELECT p.text, p.votes, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY p.votes DESC) AS "rank", LPAD( (p.votes * 100 / SUM(p.votes) OVER ()) || ' %', 4, ' ' ) AS "percent" FROM poll_options p WHERE p.poll_id = 12 ORDER BY p.votes DESC Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ The same with jOOQ select (p.TEXT, p.VOTES, denseRank().over().orderBy(p.VOTES.desc()).as("rank"), lpad( p.VOTES.mul(100).div(sum(p.VOTES).over()).concat(" %"), 4, " " ).as("percent")) .from (POLL_OPTIONS.as("p")) .where (p.POLL_ID.eq(12)) .orderBy(p.VOTES.desc()); Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java jOOQ The same with jOOQ in Scala (!) select (p.TEXT, p.VOTES, denseRank() over() orderBy(p.VOTES desc) as "rank", lpad( (p.VOTES * 100) / (sum(p.VOTES) over()) || " %", 4, " " ) as "percent") from (POLL_OPTIONS as "p") where (p.POLL_ID === 12) orderBy (p.VOTES desc) Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 Examples
  • Intro SQL and Java Examples Copyright (c) 2009-2013 by Data Geekery GmbH. Slides licensed under CC BY SA 3.0 jOOQ Examples