Drug Research Project

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Drug Research Project

  1. 1. ALCOHOL REASERCH PROJECT<br />By: Luis Ramirez<br />
  2. 2. Name of Drug and Street Names<br />Alcohol<br />Booze<br />
  3. 3. How Alcohol is Made<br />Legal Factory<br />Made using Grains<br />Fruits <br />Vegetables<br />Sugars are changed <br /> using yeast<br />Bacteria<br />Courtesy of Faculty & Washington<br />http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/alco.html<br />
  4. 4. Classification<br />Alcohol is a depressant<br />Pseudo-stimulant – fake <br />Slows the function of the nervous system<br />Blocks out messages that are being sent to the brain<br />Courtesy of Faculty & Washington<br />http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/alco.html<br />
  5. 5. Effects on the Nervous System<br />Damages frontal lobes of the brain<br />Can cause brain to grow shorter<br />Vitamin deficiency<br />Memory loss<br />Kills thousands of brain cells<br />Courtesy of Kids Health<br />http://kidshealth.org/teen/drug_alcohol/alcohol/alcohol.html<br />
  6. 6. This can change a person’s….<br />Perceptions<br />Emotions<br />Movement <br />Vision<br />Hearing<br />Reactions<br />Courtesy of Kids Health<br />http://kidshealth.org/teen/drug_alcohol/alcohol/alcohol.html<br />
  7. 7. Things that can change the affects<br />Age<br />Gender<br />Physical conditions<br />Amount of food eaten<br />Other medicines or drugs taken<br />Courtesy of Faculty & Washington<br />http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/alco.html<br />
  8. 8. How Alcohol is Taken<br />Enters the mouth<br />Goes down the esophagus<br />Stomach - some gets released into the bloodstream<br />Small intestine - alcohol enters the bloodstream through the walls <br />Heart - pumps alcohol throughout the body<br />Liver - alcohol is mixed with oxygen at about 0.5 oz/hr. <br />Alcohol is changed into water, carbon dioxide and energy<br />Courtesy of Faculty & Washington<br />http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/alco.html<br />
  9. 9. Short-term Effects (In short amounts)<br />Dizziness<br />Talkativeness<br />Lack necessary skills to drive<br />To operate a machine<br />Increase in aggressive behavior<br />Courtesy of Greater Dallas Council on Alcohol & Drug Abuse <br />http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/alcohol.htm<br />
  10. 10. Short-term Effects (In large amounts)<br />Slurred Speech<br />Disturbed sleep<br />Nausea<br />Vomiting<br />Hangovers<br />Headache<br />Thirst<br />Fatigue<br />Courtesy of Greater Dallas Council on Alcohol & Drug Abuse<br />http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/alcohol.htm<br />
  11. 11. Long-term Effects<br />Can lead to addiction<br />High blood pressure<br />Lowers resistance against disease<br />Permanent damage to organs<br />Comas<br />Courtesy of Greater Dallas Council on Alcohol & Drug Abuse<br />http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/alcohol.htm<br />
  12. 12. Symptoms of Overdose<br />Excessive vomiting<br />Severe sleepiness<br />Unconsciousness<br />Difficulty breathing<br />Really low blood sugar<br />Seizures<br />Courtesy of Help Guide<br />http://helpguide.org/mental/alcohol_abuse_alcoholism_signs_effects_treatment.htm<br />
  13. 13. Symptoms of Withdrawal (Mental)<br />Nervous<br />Anxiety<br />Easy excitability<br />Depression<br />Not thinking clearly<br />Emotion changes<br />Courtesy of National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001944.htm<br />
  14. 14. Symptoms of Withdrawal (Physical)<br />Headache<br />Sweating<br />Loss of appetite<br />Sleeping difficulties<br />Fast heart pulse<br />Eye pupils get bigger<br />Courtesy of National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health <br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001944.htm<br />
  15. 15. Drinking by Age Groups<br />Adults who are current regular drinkers is about 50%(had at least 12 drinks in the past year)<br />Adults who were current moderate drinkers is about 14%(1-11 drinks in the past year)<br />Courtesy of Centers for Disease Control & Prevention <br />http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/alcohol.htm<br />
  16. 16. Penalties of Misuse<br />Legal drinking age is 21<br />Legal amount is 0.08 mg to drive<br />Legal limits are measured using a blood test or a breathalyzer<br />Failing either one or these tests can result in arrest or loss of driver’s license<br />Courtesy of Centers for Disease Control & Prevention<br />http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm<br />
  17. 17. Risks of Misuse<br />Interactions between alcohol and medications can result in illness, injury or death<br />When medications and alcohol compete against each other in the body for absorption, the effect is increased<br />Courtesy of Centers for Disease Control & Prevention<br />http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm<br />
  18. 18. Medical Uses<br />At one time it was used for medical uses but it isn’t anymore<br />In now a days it is mixed with other ingredients in cough syrups, medicines and other remedies<br />Courtesy of Centers for Disease Control & Prevention <br />http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm<br />
  19. 19. Facts<br />Almost half of all Americans over the age of 12 are alcohol consumers<br />Every day about 11,318 people(12-20) try alcohol for the first time<br />65% of kids get alcohol from family and friends<br />56% of students in grades 5 - 12 say that alcohol advertising encourages them to drink<br />Half of all car crashes are alcohol related<br />28% of suicides by children ages 9 - 15 were caused by alcohol<br />Courtesy of Marine Institute <br />http://www.marininstitute.org/Youth/alcohol_youth.htm<br />
  20. 20. Resources<br />“Alcohol”. Alcohol. Dowshen, Steven. April 2009. <br /> Kids Health. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://kidshealth.org/teen/drug_alcohol/alcohol/alcohol.html<br />“Alcohol”. Alcohol. GDCADA. March 6, 2006.<br /> Greater Dallas Council on Alcohol & Drug Abuse. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/alcohol.htm<br />“Alcohol”. Alcohol Use. Ballas, Paul. Jan. 20, 2009.<br /> National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001944.htm<br />“Alcohol”. Alcoholism & Alcohol Abuse. Smith, Melinda; Saisan, Joanna; Segal, Jeanne. Dec. 2009.<br /> Help Guide. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://helpguide.org/mental/alcohol_abuse_alcoholism_signs_effects_treatment.htm<br />
  21. 21. Resources<br />“Alcohol”. Frequently Asked Questions. CDC. August 6, 2008.<br /> Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm<br />“Alcohol”. Alcohol & Youth Facts. The Marine Institute. April 2005.<br /> Marine Institute. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://www.marininstitute.org/Youth/alcohol_youth.htm<br />“Alcohol”. Alcohol. Chudler, Eric H. 2008.<br /> Faculty & Washington. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/alco.html<br />“Alcohol”. Alcohol Use. CDC. May 15, 2009.<br /> Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Dec. 2, 2009.<br />http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/alcohol.htm<br />

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