Neoclassism and Romanticisim

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4th Quarter Arts

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Neoclassism and Romanticisim

  1. 1. ART IN THE NEOCLASSICAL PERIOD
  2. 2. • Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo- Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. These movements were in effect at various times between the 18th and 21st centuries.
  3. 3. The movement was inspired by thediscovery of ancient Italian artifacts atthe ruins of and .
  4. 4. PAINTING
  5. 5. Characteristics-Sharp color with Chiaroscuro- Manifests the classical ideals
  6. 6. Chiaroscuro ("light-dark") in art ischaracterized by strong contrastsbetween light and dark, usuallybold contrasts affecting a wholecomposition.
  7. 7. “The Death of Socrates”
  8. 8. “The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons” (1789)
  9. 9. Artists that pioneered the Neoclassicist painting:
  10. 10. • Jacques-Louis David (30 August 1748 – 29 December 1825) was a highly influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era.
  11. 11. “ Oath of the Horatii” (1784)
  12. 12. Benjamin West, RA(October 10, 1738– March 11, 1820)was an Anglo-American painterof historical scenesaround and afterthe time of theAmerican War ofIndependence.
  13. 13. “The Death of General Wolfe”
  14. 14. • Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (29 August 1780 – 14 January 1867) was a French Neoclassical painter. Although he considered himself to be a painter of history in the tradition of Nicolas Poussin and Jacques-Louis David, by the end of his life it was Ingress portraits, both painted and drawn, that were recognized as his greatest legacy.
  15. 15. “Napoleon I on his Imperial Throne”,
  16. 16. La Grande Odalisque
  17. 17. Nicolas Poussin (15June 1594 – 19November 1665)was a French painterin the classical style.His workpredominantlyfeatures clarity, logic,and order, and favorsline over color.
  18. 18. "Et in Arcadia ego"("The Arcadian Shepherds")
  19. 19. The Continence of Scipio
  20. 20. Styles of Painting Introduced
  21. 21. 1. Historicism refers to artisticstyles that draw their inspirationfrom copying historic styles orartisans.
  22. 22. 2. Genre works, also called genre scenes or genre views, are pictorial representations in any of various media that represent scenes or events from everyday life, such as markets, domestic settings, interiors, parties, inn scenes, and street scenes.
  23. 23. “The Four Seasons”
  24. 24. ARCHITECTURE
  25. 25. Intellectually Neoclassicism wassymptomatic of a desire to return tothe perceived "purity" of the arts ofRome, to the more vague perception ("ideal") of Ancient Greek arts
  26. 26. Influential Architects of the Period
  27. 27. • Étienne-Louis Boullée (February 12, 1728 – February 4, 1799) was a visionary French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects and is still influential today.
  28. 28. Deuxieme projet pour la Bibliothèque du Roi
  29. 29. • Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (March 21, 1736 – November 18, 1806) was one of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture. He used his knowledge of architectural theory to design not only in domestic architecture but town planning; as a consequence of his visionary plan for the Ideal City of Chaux, he became known as a utopian
  30. 30. Project in the Royal City of Chaux
  31. 31. • Palladian architecture is a European style of architecturederived from the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio.
  32. 32. A villa with a superimposed portico, fromBook IV of Palladios I Quattro LibridellArchitettura
  33. 33. Characteristic
  34. 34. • it tends to emphasize its planar qualities, rather than sculptural volumes• projections and recessions and their effects of light and shade are flatter• sculptural bas-reliefs are flatter and tend to be enframed in friezes, tablets or panels
  35. 35. “New Theater”
  36. 36. The Altes Museum ("Old Museum") in Berlin

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