Big History- MidTerm


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Big History- MidTerm

  1. 1. Mid-Term
  2. 2.  According toWikipedia “Big History is a field of historical study that examines history on a large scale across long time frames through a multi- disciplinary approach and gives focus on the alteration and adaptations in the huma  “Human societies and individuals explain and justify and validate themselves by presenting history in the forms of national sagas, poems, news reports, drama, folksongs, speeches, paintings, documentaries, seminars, books, posters, monuments, or genealogies.Whether they are true or false”n experience.”
  3. 3.  While Columbus was sailing ships, Caribbean Tainos were using canoes to hop from island to island. Polynesians were navigating catamarans across the Pacific, and Arabian cargo ships sailed in the Indian Ocean. Imperial couriers traveled the GreatWall of China on horseback, while Inca runners made their way along the Highway of the Sun in Peru.  Ferdinand Magellan was able to circumnavigate the globe and demonstrated that ships were able to sail from one body of water to the next in a continuous passage.
  4. 4.  Many empires we’re exploring lands across the sea’s, such as the Portuguese voyages to Africa. Henry “The Navigator” hoped to discover new lands for crusades, and by 1497 they had established a secure base in West Africa.  A historic Indian voyage was that ofVasco da Gama and his fleet of four ships that rounded the Cape of Good Hope and sailed into the Indian Ocean.  This opened up new trade routes that enabled empires to gain resources from outside their community. In having more resources the empires were able to explore neighboring lands and conquer the less powerful regions.
  5. 5.  It brought new diseases to the Americas to which no natives had immunity, and it depopulated many civilizations. It is estimated to have decreased 50-90 percent of the population in the Americas.  The positive side to it is crops and livestock.The exchange enabled explorers to return with many important crops such as potatoes, sugar, tomatoes, peanuts, spices, and silks.  Mocca is Not Chocolate ▪ Jean de la Roque sailed around Africa and into the Red Sea with one purpose: a way to purchase coffee directly.
  6. 6.  Pagden says, “Empires, it is assumed, are in some sense artificial creations.They are created by conquest, and conquerors have always attempted to keep those they have conquered in subservience. This has been achieved by a mixture of simple force and some kind of ideology”  “The war machine, the capacity to transform a large body of men into a single instrument of destruction, was to prove decisive in what has come to be called the ‘triumph of the west.’”