Index• What are HIV and AIDS?• Where did HIV come from?• How is HIV spread and how is not?• AIDS• Symptoms of HIV and AIDS• Treatment• Summary• Questions
What are HIV and AIDS?• HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus• AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome.• Two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2• destroy specific blood cells that help the body to fight diseases.
Where did HIV come from? • chimpanzee in West Africa • SIV (simian immunodeficiency) virus mutated into HIV • It came into the blood from the chimpanzee meat.
How is HIV spread?• unprotected sex• Sharing any equipment used to prepare illicit drugs for injection.• Being born to an infected mother
It is not spread by:• Air or water.• Insects• Saliva, tears, or sweat• Closed-mouth or “social” kissing.
AIDS• Late stage of HIV infection• Immune system is severely damaged• Difficulty fighting diseases and certain cancers• People can live many years with HIV before they develop AIDS
AIDS Symptoms• Extreme fatigue• Rapid weight loss• Persistent diarrhea• High fever• Swollen glands into the neck, Armpits,Groin
HIV Symptoms• most of these are very benign, and they show up with a wide range of illnesses.• You can not fight off infections, bacteria, viruses.• You get sick more often.
Treatment• There is no cure for AIDS, but medications are effective in fighting HIV .• Doctors will develop a treatment plan .• take your medications exactly as prescribed
Summary• The HIV is the virus that cause AIDS.• There are two tipes of virus: HIV-1, HIV-2.• HIV destroy specific blood cells.• It comes from West Africa.• It is spread principally by having unprotect sex.• HIV and AIDS don’t have specific symptoms.• There is not cure for AIDS.
Questions1. Where does the HIV come from?a) Asia b) America c) Africa2. What is AIDS?a) A mutation of HIVb) The last stage of HIVc) The same as HIV
3. The HIV can be transmit by saliva.a) True b) False4. HIV have specific symptomsa) True b) False5. You don’t have to follow exactly the treatment plana) True b)False