My Ideal University Yale University Lucia .Xu (徐明璐） 20116926 电气城轨3班
Yale ‘s History Yale’s roots can be traced back to the 1640s, when colonial clergymenled an effort to establish a college in New Haven to preserve thetradition of European liberal education in the New World. This visionwas fulfilled in 1701, when the charter was granted for a school“wherein Youth may be instructed in the Arts and Sciences [and]through the blessing of Almighty God may be fitted for Publickemployment both in Church and Civil State.” In 1718 the school wasrenamed “Yale College” in gratitude to the Welsh merchant Elihu Yale,who had donated the proceeds from the sale of nine bales of goodstogether with 417 books and a portrait of King George I.
Yale University comprises three major academiccomponents: Yale College (the undergraduate program), theGraduate School of Arts and Sciences, and the professionalschools. In addition, Yale encompasses a wide array of centersand programs, libraries, museums, and administrative supportoffices. Approximately 11,250 students attend Yale.
The Sustainable Food Project,established at Yale in 2001,oversees a dining program with aseasonal menu, manages a modelcollege farm (shown here) just a10-minute walk from centralcampus, and supportseducational endeavorsconcerning food and agriculture.
Today, Yale has matured into one of the world’s great universities. Its 11,000 students come from all fifty American states and from 108 countries. The 3,200- member faculty is a richly diverse group of men and women who are leaders in their respective fields. The central campus now covers 310 acres (125 hectares) stretching from the School of Nursing in downtown New Haven to tree-shaded residential neighborhoods around the Divinity School. Yale’s 260 buildings include contributions from distinguished architects of every period in its history. Styles range from New England Colonial to High Victorian Gothic, from Moorish Revival to contemporary.Yale’s buildings, towers, lawns, courtyards, walkways, gates, and arches comprise whatone architecture critic has called “the most beautiful urban campus in America.” Yales West Campus, located 7 miles west of downtown New Haven on 136 acres, was acquired in 2007 and includes 1.6 million square feet of research, office, andwarehouse space that provides opportunities to enhance the University’s medical and scientific research and other academic programs. The University also maintains over 600 acres (243 hectares) of athletic fields and natural preserves just a short bus ride from the center of town.
Branford Court, typical ofYale’s enclosed courtyards,provides space for plannedand spontaneous residentialcollege activities. Theresidential college system,established in 1931, istheheart of the Yaleundergraduate experience.Every student is assigned toone of the twelve colleges,which serve as a “home base”for four years. Here, studentsshare meals, spend free time,receive academic counseling,and enjoy access to a broadrange of extracurricularprograms.
Welcome“As Yale enters its fourth century, our goal is to become a truly globaluniversity—educating leaders and advancing the frontiers ofknowledge not simply for the United States, but for the entire world.”“The globalization of the University is in part an evolutionarydevelopment. Yale has drawn students from outside the United Statesfor nearly two centuries, and international issues have beenrepresented in its curriculum for the past hundred years and more.But creating the global university is also a revolutionarydevelopment—signaling distinct changes in the substance of teachingand research, the demographic characteristics of students, the scopeand breadth of external collaborations, and the engagement of theUniversity with new audiences.”
Scholarships & Fellowships Yale University is committed to an affordable education for students from every background. Diversity defines the Yale experience for those who teach and study here, and it raises our reputation for excellence worldwide. We invite you to learn more about ways you can help support our students.Scholarships are vital in Yale College, where students are admitted regardlessof means and nearly 60 percent receive financial aid. Spendable gifts and newendowed funds to meet this continuing need are a priority for the University. Fellowships play a critical part in Yale’s professional schools, where many students rely on a combination of financial aid and student loans to pay for their education. Donor support is vital to reduce their burden of debt following graduation. The Graduate School pays the full cost of educating its Ph.D. candidates, and giving to fellowships there can have a major impact on Yale’s academic mission. In the course of a typical program, a student can require more than $270,000 in tuition and stipends. Please visit our Gift Guide to see a range of giving opportunities to benefit students at Yale.
To be accepted to study at Yale,interested applicants must apply directlyto the school, college, or program wherethe degree will be awarded: Yale Collegefor undergraduate degrees; theGraduate School of Arts and Sciences fordoctoral programs and some master’sdegrees; or one of the professional Professional schoolsschools. School of Architecture School of Art Divinity School School of Drama School of Engineering & Applied Science School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Law School School of Management School of Medicine School of Music School of Nursing School of Public Health Institute of Sacred Music
My ideal program~~The school of architecture DEAN’S LETTER Architectures relationship to the wider world school of architecture is My ideal program~~The it serves continually evolves but always thereat its core an unchanging belief that the act of building is in and of itself a great and ennoblingundertaking. In too many schools students and teachers now seem disinterested inbuilding, distracted by cyberspace and a search for ways to transform the art of building intosomething else. Architecture is not a branch of information science; it is not a kind ofelectronics. At Yale we continue to believe in architecture as the most palpable of all the arts and themost public, the art of the here and now, the art of making and preserving fixed places that arethe settings for the interaction of people and ideas over time. At Yale, we hold the act ofbuilding paramount: the logical manipulation of environmental closure in the service ofparticular functions and symbolic purposes. This is our overwhelming preoccupation; this is thequintessence of architecture as an art and as a profession. We are wary of trends masqueradingas ideas. In a time of hyper-specialization Yale remains committed to a broad and deepgeneralism. To be effective, an architect must recognize and respond to a host of factorsthat taken in their totality describe the architectural problem which a building represents: abuilding is not the solution but a solution. We embrace the complexities and the contradictionsof the contemporary, recognizing that todays issues are not for architects to tackle in a vacuum.Architecture is a collaborative art, embracing local community groups, as in the affordable housethat is our annual First Year Building Project, and environmentalism represented by our on-goingcollaboration in design and research with the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.New Haven, one of Americas most representative cities, remains a principal canvas of ourinvestigations into urban issues, but we also turn our attentions to New York and to a number of
My ideal program~~The school of architecture DEAN’S LETTERThe fundamental philosophical breadth of our approach is not only curricular and geographicalbut also artistic; we refuse to promote a single conception, artistic or otherwise, of whatarchitecture is or might become. We recognize our obligation to the historic moment in whichwe study and teach and build, but we also recognize that that moment, however unique, isneither singular nor unchanging nor disconnected from the past or the future. Some wouldargue that in our postmodern era architecture has shifted from an objective to a subjectiverealm, and that, as a consequence, authority for judgment has passed from traditional measuresof function, history, context or even technology to one dominated by psychological criteria,giving rise to a mood architecture obliged only to appeal to the tastes of clients or a limitedcoterie of aficionados. We are not so sure but we certainly recognize the psychological approachto our art needs to be examined along with those of other specialized, deterministicmethodologies. Architecture is never one thing; it is a constellation of possibilities. A universityis about open questions and not about definitive answers.Many architecture schools function as academies, fostering a certain "true" way, insistent aboutone mode of aesthetic expression and one way of doing architecture, straight-jacketing studentsin isms and ideologies. But todays "ism" has a way of becoming tomorrows "wasm". Singularsystems of design are no substitute for methodologies; our responsibility is to see architecturefrom many sides; most of all, our responsibility is to think problems through. We do notcelebrate a false, single-minded unity or even pretend that consensus can always be achieved;rather we hold open the doors of perception to the wide world of diversity. We welcome debate,even disagreement.
My ideal program~Financial Aid Admission to the School of Architecture is determined without regard to a student’sability to pay the full cost of his or her education. The School’s financial aid policies aredesigned to maximize the financial assistance to all students with demonstrated need,as determined by the Financial Aid Office. A student’s financial need, considered to be the total cost of education less thestudent’s resource contribution, is first met with an established level of self-help. Forstudents with financial need beyond the established level of self-help, the School ofArchitecture will award a need-based scholarship. Awarded need-based scholarship isdetermined by the higher of the two following methods of calculation. An Individual Resource Scholarship is intended for students who do not wish to orwho are unable to provide parental resource information. In an effort to equitablyaward available need-based scholarship among qualified students, the award amountfor Individual Resource Scholarships has an upper limit and in some cases, therefore,may not fully cover a student’s financial need. A Family Resource Scholarship isintended for students who wish to and are able to provide parental resourceinformation. For a student with limited family resources, a Family Resource Scholarshipmay yield a higher scholarship award than an Individual Resource Scholarship.Submitting parental resource information will not affect the calculation of anIndividual Resource Scholarship award.
My ieal program~Requirements for International StudentsAll international student applicants for the 2012–2013 academic year at the YaleSchool of Architecture must complete the General Test of the Graduate RecordExamination (GRE) Program.In addition, all applicants whose native language is not English are required to take theInternet-based test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL iBT), a test that includes asection on spoken English (see Standardized Examinations in the chapter Admissions).Any transcripts, letters of reference, or other application material written in alanguage other than English must be accompanied by a certified translation.In order to receive visa documentation, international students must submit proof thatincome from all sources will be sufficient to meet expenses for that year of study. Eachstudent accepting admission to the School must submit an International StudentCertification of Finances Form for I-20 Visa Application. This form is due April 15 withacceptance of the admission offer. It must be completed and signed by the parents(and spouse, if applicable) of an international applicant, and must include all bank andtax information.
My ideal program~~The school of architecture ~~~~FEES •First-Year •All other M.Arch. I students •Tuition •$39,450 •$39,450 •Fees •940 •940 •Yale Health Plan Hospitalization/S pecialty •1,522* •1,522* Coverage •Room and Board •12,780 •11,680 •Books/Personal •4,100 •3,900 Expenses •______ •______ •$58,792 •$57,492