INTRODUCTIONWHAT IS A LITERARY GENRE? GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS• A category meant to • polysemy describe the writing • radical ambiguity style, technique, tone, • strong/poetic length, and content of metaphor certain literary forms. • connotation • open/indeterminate • less entropic • potential messages • noisy
MAIN GENRESThe literary genres in English do not have a clear orspecific division so we are going to divide them bythe most common one:• Fiction (Historical fiction, science Fiction, fantasy, realistic fiction)• Non-fiction(Persuasive writing, informational writing, autobiography, biography)• Folklore (fairy tale, fable, myth, legend, tall tale)• Drama (comedy, tragedy)• Poetry
FICTION• Writing that is a product of the imagination.• It’s the form of any narrative or informative work that deals, in part or in whole, with information or events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and theoretical—that is, invented by the author.• Elements of fiction: plot (what characters did, said and thought), exposition (the fiction’s story initial setup), foreshadowing (technique to provide clues to predict what might occur later), rising action, climax (greatest danger for the protagonist), falling action, resolution, and conflict.
FICTION• Historical Fiction: stories centered around the basis of a partially historical situation or a novel set in a historical period.• Science Fiction: stories that often tell about science and technology of the future. They involve partially true fictions, laws or theories of science. Settings: in the future, in space, on a different world, in a different universe or dimension.• Fantasy: contains elements that are not realistic: talking animals, magical powers, often set in a medieval universe or possibly involving mythical beings.• Realistic Fiction: stories that take place in modern times. Their characters are involved in events that could happen.
NON-FICTION• This is informational text dealing with an actual, real- life subject. This genre of literature offers opinions.• It’s written for a specific audience, or group of readers. In addition, it addresses a clear purpose, or reason for writing. The audience and purpose influence the type of information a writer includes.• Tone: the author’s attitude toward the subject or reader, is displayed through the writer’s word choice and style.• Nonfiction is narrated by an author who is a real person.• Story can not be manipulated by the author.
NON-FICTION• Informational • Autobiography: Writing: writing that The story of one’s life told by oneself. Chronological provides narration. Author offers a information on a personal evaluation. topic. • Biography:• Persuasive Writing: The story of someone’s life told by someone else. writing that attempts to influence the reader.
FOLKLORE• It is a literary genre that include beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people.• Is marked by oral transmission, so it has the characteristics of oral language.• The concept of folk literature developed as part of the 19th century ideology of romantic nationalism.• Its audience is everybody.
FOLKLORE Fairy tale Myths• A Magic story which • Myths are symbolic tales can not be of the distant past (often true. Undefined time primordial times) that and place. Characters concern cosmogony that have no need to and cosmology (the develop. There must be origin and nature of the a character universe), may be transformation; some connected to belief kind of magic has to systems or rituals, and take place. may serve to direct social action and values.
FOLKLORE Legend Tall tale• It is a narrative of human • A tall tale is a special kind actions that are of hero story because the perceived both by teller heroes of tall tales are and listeners to take place larger than life. They are within human history and bigger or stronger than to possess certain qualities real people, even when that give the tale the tall tale is based on a verisimilitude. real person. Tall tale Exaggerated characters & heroes solve problems in events. Handed down by funny ways that are hard tradition (maybe). to believe.
FOLKLORE Fable• It is a succinct fictional story, that features animals, mythical creatures, plants, inanimate objects or forces of nature which are anthropomorphized. It illustrates or leads to an interpretation of a moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be added explicitly in a pithy maxim.
DRAMA• It is a story written to be performed by actors in front of an audience.• The script includes stage directions that explain how characters should look, speak, move, and behave.• Plays are often divided into acts, which might be divided into scenes, indicating a change in location or the passage of time.
DRAMA• Tragedy: they are • Comedy: It is a used to describe deliberate personal misfortunes presentation of that do not concern events/experiences the rest of the drawn from real life society. but not the same with real life. It usually have a happy end.
POETRY• Imaginative awareness of experience expressed through meaning, sound, and rhythmic language choices so as to evoke an emotional response• Imagery, word association, and the musical qualities of the language used.• Takes a certain form as in stanzas or group of lines.• Poetry has a rythm - a more or less regularly patterned- and uses to rhymes• Figurative language• Stylistic devices as metaphors, simile, paradox, repetitions,...