Planner and small_planet_ws2013-lm

140 views
112 views

Published on

2013 TPRA Workshop 12 - 22 marzo - PROGRAMMA
Conoscenza e tecnologie appropriate per la sostenibilità urbanistica - Knowledge and Appropriate Technologies for Sustainability in Planning
Programm is in http://polimi.academia.edu/LucaMarescotti/workshop
You can download all the slides of lectures from Beep https://beep.metid.polimi.it/user/luca.marescotti
Abstract
Both process technologies and product technologies are used in the production of anthropic space: for this they are placed in the disciplinary context of ecology applied to urban planning. The apparatus of definition of sustainability theory and of urban planning practice will be influenced not only with respect to general issues such as carrying capacity and sustainability, urban metabolism, ecological footprint and quality of the built environment, but also with respect to the specifics of the main physical and geological aspects, and overall the risk reduction during earthquakes.

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
140
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Planner and small_planet_ws2013-lm

  1. 1. CoverThe planner and the small PlanetLurbanista e il piccolo pianetaLuca Marescotti2013 Workshop - Knowledge and AppropriateTechnologies for Sustainability in Planning12 marzo 2013
  2. 2. Luca Marescotti 2 / 82From the urban question(it was a local one just until a few decades ago)to the environmental question(now, it is a global one)systemic properties and cross-disciplinary knowledge1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  3. 3. Luca Marescotti 3 / 82Just to beginWhat is this? Was is das? Che cosa è questo?What are interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity?a suggestion ...1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  4. 4. Luca Marescotti 4 / 82A transdisciplinary introductiontwo documentaries and a shortHome, Yann Arthus-Bertrand, producers: Denis Carot and Luc Besson, with PPR Group;coproducers Elzevir Films, Europa Corp, France 2, sponsored by UNEP, 2010.Welcome to the Anthropocene, Planet Under Pressure conference, London 26-29 March,Copyright: Globaia. Planet Under Pressure, SEI, SRC, CSIRO, 2012.planet RE:think, Eskil Hardt, producer Ace & Ace with EEA, UNEP, Eskil Hardt, 2012.1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  5. 5. Luca Marescotti 5 / 82Someone asked me:“Be concise,write ten thingsto improve the urban planning”1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  6. 6. Luca Marescotti 6 / 82
  7. 7. Luca Marescotti 7 / 82Complex problems require shared strategies,Complex problems require shared strategies,Involving Public and Private Actors ...Involving Public and Private Actors ...Projected in a Long Time,Projected in a Long Time,Articulated in Many Areas,Articulated in Many Areas,Funded with Adequate Resources,Funded with Adequate Resources,Checked in their ImplementationChecked in their Implementationand monitored in a Context that is in Continuous Changing …and monitored in a Context that is in Continuous Changing ……… A GLOBAL CHANGEA GLOBAL CHANGE
  8. 8. Luca Marescotti 8 / 82? present vs future ?In the place of a construction in which thepresent implies the future, we have a world inwhich the future is open, in which time is aconstruction in which we may all participate.Grégoire Nicolis, Ilya Prigogine, Exploring complexity: an introduction, W.H. Freeman, New York, 1989,p.3.1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  9. 9. Luca Marescotti 9 / 82“We live in an age of transition, an age that demandsconstructive modification of our environment. We must find andexplore new resources, must understand our environment better,and must achieve a less destructive co-existence with nature.The time scale of the qualitative modifications that arerequired. . . is of the order of the decade. . . . Some of the basicquestions remain largely unanswered.”Ilya Prigogine,Nobel laureate, 1977Prologue: Science in an Age of Transition from ExploringComplexityGrégoire Nicolis, Ilya Prigogine, La complessità. Esplorazione nei nuovi campi della scienza, Einaudi,Torino, 1991, p.5.1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  10. 10. Luca Marescotti 10 / 82Un tempo infatti si diceva (seguendo Laplace e Comte, per esempio):AUTORITY IS POWERfrom science comes prediction; from prediction comes action ...… if the world were deterministic ...Yet at the same time someone else wrote[and today we are convinced of this] ...1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  11. 11. Luca Marescotti 11 / 82Government in the name of the people, for the people, by thepeopleUsing our knowledge and also knowing each other to build a multicultural space,take precautions to prevent, prepare to repair, partecipate to governance of physical and biologicalsystems, that are always in reciprocal relation, with indefinite probabilities of change.Here it is: knowing how to handle the emergence of new conditions.1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  12. 12. Luca Marescotti 12 / 82Here it is: knowing how to handle the emergence of new conditions.Where: “to emerge”means that new conditions may cause the emergence of new properties.That is why the socio-ecological system is really "complex".1. The planner and the small Planetan introduction
  13. 13. Luca Marescotti 13 / 82I had too many things to say,was not easy,A REALHOTCHPOTCH
  14. 14. Luca Marescotti 14 / 82HOW TO EXPLAIN?SAY WHAT?
  15. 15. Luca Marescotti 15 / 82The conditions of our trainingLimportanza della scuola e della società nella formazione dei valori1. The planner and the small Planetthe Cultural Context
  16. 16. Luca Marescotti 16 / 82William MorrisThe word Architecture has, I suppose, to most of you the meaning of the art of buildingnobly and ornamentally. Now I believe the practice of this art to be one of the mostimportant things which man can turn his hand to, and the consideration of it to be worththe attention of serious people, not for an hour only, but for a good part of their lives,even though they may not have to do with it professionally.But, noble as that art is by itself, and though it is specially the art of civilisation, it neitherever has existed nor never can exist alive and progressive by itself, but must cherishand be cherished by all the crafts whereby men make the things which they intend shallbe beautiful, and shall last somewhat beyond the passing day.It is this union of the arts, mutually helpful and harmoniously subordinated one toanother, which I have learned to think of as Architecture, and when I use the word to-night, that is what I shall mean by it and nothing narrower.A great subject truly, for it embraces the consideration of the whole externalsurroundings of the life of man; we cannot escape from it if we would so long as we arepart of civilisation, for it means the moulding and altering to human needs of the veryface of the earth itself, except in the outermost desert.1. The planner and the small Planetthe Cultural Context
  17. 17. Luca Marescotti 17 / 82Martin HeideggerWohnen, zum Frieden gebracht sein, heißt: eingefriedet bleiben in dasFrye, d. h. in das Freie, das jegliches in sein Wesen schont. DerGrundzug des Wohnens ist dieses Schonen. Er durchzieht dasWohnen in seiner ganzen Weite. Sie zeigt sich uns, sobald wir darandenken, daß im Wohnen das Menschsein beruht und zwar im Sinnedes Aufenthalts der Sterblichen auf der Erde. (…)Die Sterblichen wohnen, insofern sie die Erde retten -das Wort in demalten Sinne genommen, den Lessing noch kannte. Die Rettung entreißtnicht nur einer Gefahr, retten bedeutet ei-gentlich: etwas in seineigenes Wesen freilassen. Die Erde retten ist mehr, als sie ausnützenoder gar abmühen. Das Retten der Erde meistert die Erde nicht undmacht sich die Erde nicht un-tertan, von wo nur ein Schritt ist zurschrankenlosen Ausbeutung.1. The planner and the small Planetthe Cultural Context
  18. 18. Luca Marescotti 18 / 821881 William Morris - 1951 MartinHeideggerWHY mention them, so different and after so many years?What did they want to say in 1881 and 1951?What has changed in the cultural context?AND HOW MUCH IS CHANGED OUR TRAINING?1. The planner and the small Planetthe Cultural Context
  19. 19. Luca Marescotti 19 / 82William MorrisFive Lectures Delivered in Birmingham, London, andNottingham (1877-1881), as the population grows (from 1million in 1800 to 6.7 million in 1900), while the conurbationwas a continuos sprawls and public administration implementedgreat public works: sewers, subways and railroads.Martin HeideggerDarmstad (1951), in a conference held on rebuilding of Germanyafter nazism and WWII:Social Identity Re-BuildingTown Re-Building1. The planner and the small Planetthe Cultural Context
  20. 20. Luca Marescotti 20 / 82The conditions of our timeThe conditions of our time are incomparably different from those of thepast; it is different the environmental awareness, the potential ofmodern technology is immense, extensive and serious are the newsocial issues, exacerbated by financial powers. Once unthinkable.Urban planning, however, one speaks and teaches with languages ​​thatrefer to the past, a golden age ever existed, as far as the combinationsof art and architecture, crafts and technologies were brilliant in buildingthe city.But, in this mess, no one understand perfectly the language and contextof that idealized past; and every man try to overshadow the mainfeatures of this present2. The Planner and the current Situation
  21. 21. Luca Marescotti 21 / 82
  22. 22. Luca Marescotti 22 / 822. The Planner and the current Situation
  23. 23. Luca Marescotti 23 / 82CITTÀ E INFRASTRUTTURE 2%≈3%: poco?2. The Planner and the current SituationEarth Resources Measurement and Assessment
  24. 24. Luca Marescotti 24 / 82Not only we dont have more arable land to use,but a part of the existing ones are lost or alteredIrreversibly by our use / exploitation(overgrazing, deforestation, plowing mechanics).The dimensions of EarthOur shrinking Earth
  25. 25. Luca Marescotti 25 / 82How much Water?
  26. 26. Luca Marescotti 26 / 82BoundariesBoundariesSoglia limiteSoglia limiteJonathanFoley,GretchenC.Daily,RobertHowarth,DavidA.Vaccari,AdeleC.Morris,EricF.Lambin,ScottC.Doney,PeterH.GleickandDavidW.Fahey,“BoundariesforaHealthyPlanet”,ScientificAmericanMagazine,10marzo2010.JonathanFoley,“Limitiperunpianetasano”,LeScienze,aprile2010,n.500.Planetary Boundaries
  27. 27. Luca Marescotti 27 / 82
  28. 28. Luca Marescotti 28 / 82Where is forestry depletion. Where forestry grows up.
  29. 29. Luca Marescotti 29 / 82Earth Forestry
  30. 30. Luca Marescotti 30 / 822. The Planner and the current SituationEarth Resources Measurement and Assessment
  31. 31. Luca Marescotti 31 / 82No climate change ...Human beings have not responsability ...Nuclear power is cheapest and mostsecure energy ...Green economy is too expansive ...…2. The Planner and the current SituationThe struggles to dominate the information
  32. 32. Luca Marescotti 32 / 821848 Charles Robert CockerelThe conditions of our timeArchitetture Masterpieces
  33. 33. Luca Marescotti 33 / 822. The Planner and the current SituationTechnology and power: you can do it allFromarchitectural masterpiecestoskyscrapers technological power
  34. 34. Luca Marescotti 34 / 821884 Gli edifici più alti del mondo2. The Planner and the current SituationTechnology and power: you can do it all
  35. 35. Luca Marescotti 35 / 822. The Planner and the current SituationTechnology and power: you can do it all
  36. 36. Luca Marescotti 36 / 82
  37. 37. Luca Marescotti 37 / 822. The Planner and the current SituationHarmony and Wholeness
  38. 38. Luca Marescotti 38 / 82Earth Measurements: the Ecological Footprint
  39. 39. Luca Marescotti 39 / 82Christopher Alexander, The Nature of Order as expression ofwholeness and harmony among interconnected centers
  40. 40. Luca Marescotti 40 / 822. The Planner and the current SituationLocal must be global, the sum of elements in a system is not the total
  41. 41. Luca Marescotti 41 / 82Only 2-3% of all lands is used by cities ...
  42. 42. Luca Marescotti 42 / 82… but cities absorb more ofthe total resources availableand in the cities there are thepowers who decide the fateof the entire bio-productivesystem ...
  43. 43. Luca Marescotti 43 / 82Ebla… EBLA VARSAVIA HIROSHIMA ...
  44. 44. Luca Marescotti 44 / 82
  45. 45. Luca Marescotti 45 / 82 varsavia
  46. 46. Luca Marescotti 46 / 82 Hiroshima
  47. 47. Luca Marescotti 47 / 823. The Planner and the Biosphere… in name of the people, for the people, by the people ...
  48. 48. Luca Marescotti 48 / 82
  49. 49. Luca Marescotti 49 / 82
  50. 50. Luca Marescotti 50 / 823. The Planner and the Biosphere… in name of the people, for the people, by the people ...
  51. 51. Luca Marescotti 51 / 82Lago dAralLago CiadGiordano e Mar MortoNilo e Progetto ToshkaCalifornia3. The Planner and the Biosphere… in name of the people, for the people, by the people ...
  52. 52. Luca Marescotti 52 / 82Le reti di comunicazione sono globali.Il mondo è una città globale, un sistema di città3. The Planner and the Biosphere… in name of the people, for the people, by the people ...
  53. 53. Luca Marescotti 53 / 82Tropical forest los3. The Planner and the Biosphere… in name of the people, for the people, by the people ...
  54. 54. Luca Marescotti 54 / 82 1997Act and think globallya necessary governance among local authorities
  55. 55. Luca Marescotti 55 / 82Act and think globallya necessary governance among local authorities
  56. 56. Luca Marescotti 56 / 82
  57. 57. Luca Marescotti 57 / 82
  58. 58. Luca Marescotti 58 / 82
  59. 59. Luca Marescotti 59 / 822012 Piazza Tahrir
  60. 60. Luca Marescotti 60 / 82Act and think globallya necessary governance among local authorities
  61. 61. Luca Marescotti 61 / 82HARMONIOUS CITIESSOCIALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY
  62. 62. Luca Marescotti 62 / 82HARMONIOUS CITIESSOCIALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY
  63. 63. Luca Marescotti 63 / 82HARMONIOUS CITIESSOCIALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY
  64. 64. Luca Marescotti 64 / 82WHOLENESS IS MOREAND LESS THAN THE SUM OF ALL ELEMENTS(Edgar Morin)AND IFRELATIONSINTENSITYAndINFORMATIONFLOWSWEREUNEQUAL...EDGAR MORIN
  65. 65. Luca Marescotti 65 / 82IN WHICH DIRECTION WE WANT THE SYSTEM WILL BE ORIENTED?BUT HOW CAN WE PUSH THESE BUTTONS?WHICH FORCES CAN WE IMPLEMENT?EDGAR MORIN
  66. 66. Luca Marescotti 66 / 82STOCKHOLM EUROPEAN GREEN CAPITAL❙ 1 000 parks,❙ 7 nature reserves within city,boundaries (and more than 200 in thesurrounding area), 1 cultural reserve and❙ 1 city national park,❙ 95 kg of recycled refuse annually perCitizen,❙ 12 000 trees in the city centre,❙ 24 official beaches,❙ World’s largest district cooling network,❙ Set to become fossil-fuel free by 2050,❙ The city hosts 2 700 clean-tech companies.
  67. 67. Luca Marescotti 67 / 82Norberto Bobbio, Elogio della mitezza, Il Saggiatore, Milano, 2010, p.45.As I presented it, it is likely that the mildness there has appeareda feminine virtue. I readily admit it. I know Im wanting to hurtwomen in revolt against the old domain of the male when I saythat the mildness has never appeared desirable because of itsfemininity.I think that would be destined to triumph the day when yourealized the city of women (not that of Fellini, of course).HARMONIOUS CITIES, SOCIALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLYECONOMY AS A TOOL, NOT AS A POWER
  68. 68. Luca Marescotti 68 / 82
  69. 69. Luca Marescotti 69 / 82HARMONIOUS CITIES, SOCIALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLYUNDERSTANDING NATURE AND ITS ECOSERVICES
  70. 70. Luca Marescotti 70 / 822012 CRS
  71. 71. Luca Marescotti 71 / 82Resilience Center of StockholmThe complexity of the biosphere and our relationships with theThe complexity of the biosphere and our relationships with theenvironment will clearly show the need for systemic, cross-cutting,environment will clearly show the need for systemic, cross-cutting,adaptive approaches, involving at the same timeadaptive approaches, involving at the same timeour capabilityour capabilityto learn to learn and to govern intersecting levels of governmentto learn to learn and to govern intersecting levels of governmentand populations.and populations.
  72. 72. Luca Marescotti 72 / 82
  73. 73. Luca Marescotti 73 / 82What have I learned?CITIES ARENT ARCHITECTURAL PROBLEMSLANDSCAPES AND ENVIRONMENT ARENTAESTHETIC PROBLEMS
  74. 74. Luca Marescotti 74 / 82Cities are socio-ecological systems, open systems, inducingmore or less great impacts on physical and biological factorsWhat choices and for whom?Do we care for the environment? for the Earth?the urban choices impact on the whole environmentand the environment must be considered in its entirety, wholeness andharmony...What have I learned?
  75. 75. Luca Marescotti 75 / 82shifting the architecture definition of Morris tourban and regional planningWE CAN GIVE A DEFINITION OFPLANNING AS ...What have I learned?
  76. 76. Luca Marescotti 76 / 82Any action which tends to change the spatial organization, changing thedistribution of the population, of manufacturing plants, of business andcommercial settlements, modifying infrastructures, altering the relationshipsbetween them, is an act of planningpositive or negativeaccess to social facilities, to transportation system, to natural beauty,social exclusivity, degradation inconvenience, social segregation or unhealthinessURBAN PLANNING IS A PROCESS, MUST BE CONSISTENT IN ALLSECTORS COMPETING TOWARDS THE SAME GOALSstrategic plans and implementation plans;economic resources allocation and programming,public works, transport, education and culture;improving monitoring and assessment toolsWhat have I learned?
  77. 77. Luca Marescotti 77 / 82THE COMPLEXITY OF SOCIAL AND ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMREQUIRES KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND ITSDYNAMICS,AND CAPABILITY TO GOVERNANCE TO IMPLEMENT VARIOUSAND COMPLEX STRATEGIES ...EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF PLANNING ANDMANAGEMENT REQUIRES THE COLLECTION OFGEOREFERENCED DATA AND INFORMATION ...AND ACCOUNTABILITY WHY WE WORK ...What have I learned?
  78. 78. Luca Marescotti 78 / 82in name of the people, for the people, by the peoplethat this nation, under God, shall have a newbirth of freedom, and that this government ofthe people, by the people, and for the peopleshall not perish from this earth.1865 - Abraham Lincoln, The Gettysburg AddressWhat have I learned?
  79. 79. Luca Marescotti 79 / 82in name of the people, for the people, by the peoplethat this PLANET shall have a new birth offreedom, and that this government of thepeople, by the people, and for the peopleshall not perish from this earth.1865 - Abraham Lincoln, The Gettysburg Address [2012 revised]What have I learned?
  80. 80. Luca Marescotti 80 / 82FOR A NEW ALLIANCEThis speech is dedicated towho is opinion leader, who governs the territory, who prepares plansand designs, who is a student or a scientist. In particular, to be honest,is dedicated to the citizens who inhabit the Earth: please, keep attentionto its languages​​, investigate the past, be sensitive to the earliest signsof the future, because the Earth is fragile.Aware, we must work for the poetry of living. Actions and energiesshould be combined in knowledge. The power of technology has to takecare of the fragility in which we are immersed and of which we live. Thealliance among living beings and alliance with the wholeness ofbiosphere.In his name we must turn away from that terrible collective madness, weare sadly aware, which so far has directed a so considerable part of ourhistory.What have I learned?
  81. 81. Luca Marescotti 81 / 82Enseignant qui ouvre les ailes des enfants et lesfait voler pour leur enseigner la liberté, mais pasune liberté gratuite ou indifférente, ni pire encore,le rejet des règles qui permettent de penser et defaire.… like a flock of starlings ...
  82. 82. Luca Marescotti 82 / 82grazie per lattenzione

×