• It usually appears at the end of the 1st
• It should be specific;
• It should be supported with evidence;
• It will vary in style according to the kind of
Types of papers: Analysis
• Answers to the “How?” and “Why?”
• How each part of something contributes to
• More than just a summary.
Types of papers: Persuasive
• Objective: to convince others to agree with
your point of view.
• Supporting evidence is needed.
• Uses information to make an argument.
• Thesis statement: description of the topic and
the argument. It tells where the author stands
as regards the issue and why.
Types of papers: Argumentative
• A stronger claim than a persuasive paper;
more resistant audience.
• Gather evidence and present a well-reasoned
• Paper must be based on a strong position.
• Writer must choose one side or the other.
• The opposing side’s argument needs to be
Types of papers: Cause & Effect
• A scenario in which an action/event caused an
effect to occur.
• What took place and why should be
• Identify patterns.
• When dealing with big events, the main/more
interesting cause/s may be tackled only, to
make it more manageable.
Types of papers: Compare/Contrast
• Make new connections/express new
differences between two things.
• These connections must not be obvious.
• 2 ways of organizing:
1. Chunking: Deal with each element
separately, using similarities as a transition.
2. Piecing: giving pieces of information for both
subjects in each paragraph.
Types of papers: Definition
• Defines a word that is complex in meaning or
whose meaning is disputable.
Types of papers: Narrative/Descriptive
• Narrative: tells a story. Audience learns
something from it.
• Descriptive: describes something vividly
enough for the audience to feel like they could
reach out and touch it.
• How to:
Avoid long introductions.
Use concrete details, not abstract. Avoid abstract language.
Write vivid descriptions.
Types of papers: Division &
• Division essay: break down a topic that people might tend to
underestimate or over-simplify into meaningful and important
• Classification essay: the topic should allow you to argue that
something has been misplaced in the categories we place
• Thesis statement: should explain why these
divitions/classifications are important. It must define the
category to be discussed.
• Each division or category should have its own paragraph.
Types of papers & Students samples by the
Roane State Community College, at