Writing an essay


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Notes on Types of papers & Students samples by the Roane State Community College, at http://www.roanestate.edu/owl/Types.html

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Writing an essay

  1. 1. Writing an essay Things to take into account.
  2. 2. Thesis Statement • It usually appears at the end of the 1st paragraph; • It should be specific; • It should be supported with evidence; • It will vary in style according to the kind of essay.
  3. 3. Types of papers: Analysis • Answers to the “How?” and “Why?” • How each part of something contributes to the whole. • More than just a summary.
  4. 4. Types of papers: Persuasive • Objective: to convince others to agree with your point of view. • Supporting evidence is needed. • Uses information to make an argument. • Thesis statement: description of the topic and the argument. It tells where the author stands as regards the issue and why.
  5. 5. Types of papers: Argumentative • A stronger claim than a persuasive paper; more resistant audience. • Gather evidence and present a well-reasoned argument. • Paper must be based on a strong position. • Writer must choose one side or the other. • The opposing side’s argument needs to be adressed.
  6. 6. Types of papers: Cause & Effect • A scenario in which an action/event caused an effect to occur. • What took place and why should be explained. • Identify patterns. • When dealing with big events, the main/more interesting cause/s may be tackled only, to make it more manageable.
  7. 7. Types of papers: Compare/Contrast • Make new connections/express new differences between two things. • These connections must not be obvious. • 2 ways of organizing: 1. Chunking: Deal with each element separately, using similarities as a transition. 2. Piecing: giving pieces of information for both subjects in each paragraph.
  8. 8. Types of papers: Definition • Defines a word that is complex in meaning or whose meaning is disputable.
  9. 9. Types of papers: Narrative/Descriptive • Narrative: tells a story. Audience learns something from it. • Descriptive: describes something vividly enough for the audience to feel like they could reach out and touch it. • How to:  Avoid long introductions.  Use concrete details, not abstract. Avoid abstract language.  Write vivid descriptions.
  10. 10. Types of papers: Division & Classification • Division essay: break down a topic that people might tend to underestimate or over-simplify into meaningful and important categories. • Classification essay: the topic should allow you to argue that something has been misplaced in the categories we place things everyday. • Thesis statement: should explain why these divitions/classifications are important. It must define the category to be discussed. • Each division or category should have its own paragraph.
  11. 11. Bibliography Types of papers & Students samples by the Roane State Community College, at http://www.roanestate.edu/owl/Types.html