6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 3 Career Planning CAREER PLANNING is a lifelong process
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 4 CAREER PLANNING includes Choosing an OCCUPATION Getting a JOB GROWING in your job Possibly CHANGING CAREERS Eventually RETIRING
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 5 The JobBank Career Alignment Model The dimensions on which people differ can be specified and measured Each type has a characteristic set of interests, values and attitudes Jobs and work environments can also be classified along the same dimensions
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 6 The JobBankCareer Alignment Model When people work in compatible careers and compatible environments they are more likely to feel satisfied with their careers and make more valuable contributions to their organization
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 7 The JobBankCareer Alignment Model This can help us to identify the persons type and the careers and work environments that they will be most effective in
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 8 CAREER PLANNING: The Four Step Process Self assessment/evaluation Options Match Action
Is the process of gathering information about yourself in order to make an informed career decision
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 11 A Self AssessmentTakes Into Account Your Values Interests Personality Skills
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 12 Values The things that are important to you: Achievement Status Wealth Autonomy
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 13 Intrinsic values are related to the work itself and its contribution to society Extrinsic values include external features such as physical setting and earning potential
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 14 Interests What do you enjoy doing? Playing football Going to parties Socializing/hanging out with friends
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 15 The JobBankCareer Alignment Model
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 16 Realistic (R) Individuals Prefer realistic careers such as Mechanical engineer Production planner Building inspector Safety engineer Marine surveyor
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 17 The R Type usually has mechanical and athletic abilities enjoys working outdoors likes to work with tools and machines
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 18 The R Type Generally prefers to work with things rather than people People usually describe the R type as being: Conforming, frank, genuine, humble Modest, practical, natural Persistent Thrifty
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 19 Investigative (I) Individuals Prefer investigative careers such as Biochemist Orthodontist Anthropologist Economist Researcher Management analyst
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 20 The I Type Usually has mathematical and scientific abilities Enjoys working alone Enjoys research Likes to solve problems
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 21 The I Type Generally favors working with ideas rather than with people or things People describe the I type as being: Analytical, curious, methodical Rational, cautious, independent Precise, reserved, complex Intellectual Modest
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 22 Artistic (A) Individuals Prefer artistic careers such as Architect Copy writer Technical editor Story editor Composer Stage director Interior decorator Commercial designer
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 23 The A Type Usually has artistic skills Enjoys creating original work Has a good imagination
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 24 The A type usually enjoys working with ideas rather than things People describe the A type as being: open, imaginative, original intuitive, emotional, independent idealistic, and unconventional.
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 25 Social (S) Individuals Prefer social careers such as Teacher Clinical psychologist Psychiatric case worker Personnel manager Paralegal assistant Speech therapist
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 26 The S type usually has social skills is interested in human relationships likes to help others with problems
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 27 The S type likes to work with people rather than with things People describe the S type as being: helpful, responsible, warm, cooperative idealistic, sociable, tactful, friendly kind, sympathetic, generous patient, and understanding
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 28 Enterprising (E) Individuals Prefer enterprising careers such as Public relations representative Financial planner Real estate agent Sales representative Stockbroker Attorney
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 29 The E Type Usually has leadership and speaking abilities Is interested in economics and politics Likes to be influential
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 30 The E Type Likes to work with people and ideas rather than things People describe the E type as being: Adventurous, energetic, optimistic Agreeable, extroverted, popular Sociable, self-confident Ambitious
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 31 Conventional (C) Individuals Prefer conventional careers such as Accountant Cost clerk Bookkeeper Budget analyst Business programmer
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 32 The C type has clerical and arithmetic abilities, prefers working indoors, and likes to organize things
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 33 The C type enjoys working with words and numbers People describe the C type as being: conforming, practical, careful obedient, thrifty, efficient orderly, conscientious, and persistent.
6/21/2011 www.LTSemaj.com 34 Very Few People Are “Pure” Types Having the characteristics of only one of the types It is important to recognize that most people have a combination of characteristics that may reflect two or more types
Hiring Criteria Change- From Narrow Qualifications to D.A.T.A. DESIRE- They really want the job ABILITY- They are good at the tasks required TEMPERAMENT- Their personality fits the situation ASSETS- They have other resources that the work requires
THE RESULT What people know is less important than who they are Hiring is about finding people with the right mind-set What you know changes, who you are rarely does What people have done is the best predictor of what they will do Identify characteristics of your best people and hire more like them FAST COMPANY 4/1996
Where Should You Begin? BEGIN WITH A PERSONALITY PROFILE TEST
THE MENTAL PROCESSES JUDGING PERCEIVING SENSING INTUITION THINKING FEELING
Extraverts' energy is directed primarily outward, towards people and things outside of themselves.
Introverts' energy is primarily directed inward, towards their own thoughts, perceptions, and reactions.
Extraverts tend to be more naturally active, expressive, social, and interested in many things
Introverts tend to be more reserved, private, cautious, and interested in fewer interactions, but with greater depth and focus.
PLEASE CHOOSE ONE: Extravert (E) or Introvert (I) Extraverts often: Have high energy Talk a lot Think out loud Like to be around people a lot Are easily distracted Introverts often: Have quiet energy Talk less Think before they act Are comfortable spending time alone Have good concentration
Where Do We Direct Our Energy? EXTRAVERT The real world is around you Energy comes from outside Sociable, comfortable and confident in unfamiliar surroundings Likes organisations, groups , community gatherings, parties Dislikes being alone INTROVERT The real world is within you Energy comes from within Tends to be unsociable, prefers reflection to activity Feels lost in large gatherings, prefers own thoughts to conversation At best when alone or in small familiar groups
EXTRAVERTS AT WORK Like variety and action Often impatient with long slow jobs Interested in the activities of their work and in how other people do it Often act quickly, sometimes without thinking When working on a task, find phone calls a welcome diversion Develop ideas by discussion Like having people around
INTROVERTS AT WORK Like quite for concentration Tend not to mind working on one project for a long time uninterrupted Are interested in the facts/ideas behind their work Like to think a lot before they act, sometimes without acting When concentrating on a task, find phone calls intrusive Develop ideas by reflection Like working alone
Extraversion Communicating Communicate energy and enthusiasm Respond quickly without long pauses to think Focus to talk is on people and things in the external environment Need to moderate expression Seek opportunities to communicate in groups Prefer face-to-face over written communication In meetings, like talking out loud before coming to conclusions
Introversion Communicating Keep energy and enthusiasm inside Like to think before responding Focus is on internal ideas and thoughts Need to drawn out Seek opportunities to communicate one-on-one Prefer written over face-to-face communication In meetings, verbalise already well thought out conclusions
2. What Kind of Information do you Naturally Notice and Remember?
Sensors notice the facts, details, and realities of the world around them
Intuitives are more interested in connections and relationships between facts as well as the meaning, or possibilities of the information.
Sensors tend to be practical and literal people, who trust past experience and often have good common sense.
Intuitives tend to be imaginative, theoretical people who trust their hunches and pride themselves on their creativity.
PLEASE CHOOSE ONE: Sensor (S) or Intuitive (N) Sensors often: Admire practicality Focus on the facts & specifics Have straightforward speech Are more realistic - see what is Are more present-oriented Intuitives often: Admire creativity Focus on ideas & the big picture Have roundabout thoughts Are more imaginative - see possibilities Are more future oriented
HOW DO WE RECEIVE AND PROCESS INFORMATION? What do we naturally notice and remember? SENSORS Trust the certain and concrete Value realism and common sense Tend to be specific and literal Oriented to present Like to hone established skills INTUITIVES Trust inspiration and inference Value imagination and innovation tend to be general and figurative Oriented to future Like to learn new skills
SENSING AT WORK Like using experience and standard ways to solve problems Enjoy applying what they have already learned May distrust and ignore their inspirations Seldom make errors of fact Like to do things with a practical bend Like to present the details of their Prefer continuation of what is, with fine tuning Usually proceed step-by-step
INTUITION AT WORK Like solving new complex problems Enjoy learning a new skill more than using it May follow their inspirations, good or bad May make errors of fact Like to do things with an innovative bent Like to present an overview of their work first Prefer change, sometimes radical, to continuation of what is Usually proceed in bursts of energy
Sensors Communicating Like evidence (facts, details, and examples) presented first Want practical and realistic applications shown Rely on direct experience to provide anecdotes Use an orderly step-by-step approach in presentations Like suggestions to be straightforward and feasible Refer to a specific example In meeting, are inclined to follow the agenda
Intuitive Communicating Like global schemes, with broad issues presented first Want possible future challenges discussed Rely on insights and imagination to provoke discussion Use a round-about approach in presentations Like suggestions to be novel and unusual Refer to a general concept In meeting, are inclined to use the agenda as a starting point
Thinkers make decisions based primarily on objective and impersonal criteria--what makes the most sense and what is logical.
Feelers make decisions based primarily on their personal values and how they feel about the choices.
Thinkers tend to be cool, analytical, and are convinced by logical reasoning.
Feelers tend to be sensitive, empathetic, and are compelled by extenuating circumstances and a constant search for harmony.
HOW WE MAKE DECISIONS THINKING Value logic, fairness and justice Naturally see flaws May seem heartless and insensitive Desire achievement Truth more important than tact FEELING Value empathy and harmony Naturally like to please others May seem illogical and weak Desire to be appreciated Tact and truth important
PLEASE CHOOSE ONE: Thinker (T) or Feeler (F) Thinkers often: Are cool & reserved Are objective Are honest & direct Are naturally critical Are motivated by achievement Feelers often: Are warm and friendly Get their feelings hurt easily Are sensitive & diplomatic Try hard to please others Are motivated by being appreciated
THINKING TYPE AT WORK Use logical analysis to reach Conclusions Can work without harmony May hurt people’s feelings without knowing it Tend to decide impersonally, sometimes paying insufficient attention to people’s wishes Tend to be firm-minded and can give criticism when appropriate Look at the principles involved Feel rewarded when job is done well
FEELING TYPE AT WORK Use values to reach conclusions Work best in harmony with others Enjoy pleasing people, even in unimportant things Often let decisions be influenced by their own and other people’s likes and dislikes Tend to be sympathetic and dislike, even avoid, telling people unpleasant things Look at the underlying values in situation Feel rewarded when people’s needs are met
Thinkers Communication Prefer to be brief and concise Want the pros and cons of each alternative to be listed Can be intellectually critical and objective Convinced by cool, impersonal reasoning Present goals and objectives first Consider emotions and feelings as data to weigh In meetings, seek involvement with tasks
Feelers Communication Prefer to be sociable and friendly Want to know why an alternative is valuable and how it affects people Can be interpersonally appreciative Convinced by personal information, enthusiastically delivered Present points of agreement first Consider logic and objectivity as data to value In meeting, seek involvement with people
4. What Kind of Environment Makes you Most Comfortable?
Judgers prefer a structured, ordered, and fairly predictable environment, where they can make decisions and have things settled.
Perceivers prefer to experience as much of the world as possible, so they like to keep their options open and are most comfortable adapting.
Perceivers tend to be flexible, curious, and nonconforming.
PLEASE CHOOSE ONE: Judger (J) or Perceiver (P) Judgers often: Are serious & formal Are time-conscious Like to make plans Work first, play later Like to finish projects best Perceivers often: Are playful & casual Are unaware of time or late Like to wait-and-see Play first, work later Like to start projects best
DO WE PREFER A STRUCTURED OR A SPONTANEOUS WORLD? JUDGING Happiest after decisions are made Work first, play later Set goals and work towards them Product oriented Satisfaction from finishing projects Time is a finite resource Take deadlines seriously prefer to know what getting into
PERCEIVING Happiest leaving their options open Enjoy now, finish job later Change goals as new information becomes available Process oriented Satisfaction from starting projects Time is a renewable resource See deadlines as elastic Like adapting to new situations
JUDGING AT WORK Work best when they can plan their work and follow their plan Like to get things settled and finished May not notice new things that need to be done Tend to be satisfied once they reach a decision on a thing, situation, or Person Reach closure by deciding quickly Seek structure and schedules Use lists to prompt action on specific tasks
Judging Communication Want to discuss schedules and timetables with tight deadlines Dislike surprises and want advance warning Expect others to follow through, and count on it State their positions and decisions clearly Communicate results and achievements Talk of purpose and direction In meetings, focus on the task to be done
PERCEIVING AT WORK Enjoy flexibility in their work Like to leave things open for last-minute changes May postpone unpleasant task that need to be done Tend to be curious and welcome a new light on a thing, situation, or person Postpone decision while searching for options Adapt well to changing situations and feel restricted without change Use lists to remind them of all the things they have to do someday
Perceiving Communication Willing to discuss the schedule but are uncomfortable with tight deadlines Enjoy surprise and like adapting to last-minute changes Expect others to adapt to situational requirements Present their views as tentative and modifiable Communicate options and opportunities Talk of autonomy and flexibility In meetings, focus on the process to be appreciated
What are the types? ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ ISTP ISFP INFP INTP ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 72 Understanding Your Personality Type By determining your personality type you are able to assess your: Career options Work related strengths and weakness Career satisfiers
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 73 is determined by Where We Focus Our Attention How We Perceive or Take In Information PERSONALITY TYPE
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 74 PERSONALITY TYPE is determined by How We Make Judgments or Decisions About Information How We Deal with the Outer World
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 75 Where Do We Direct Our Attention or Energy? This dimension assesses whether individuals are oriented to the outer or inner world Extraversion Introversion
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 76 Careers for Dominant Sensors ISTJ ISFJ ESTP ESFP Need to be able to collect and use the many facts you notice Areas that let you gather information Use your keen powers of observation
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 77 Careers for Dominant Intuitives INTJ INFJ ENTP ENFP Work that allows new ways of solving problems Use of unconventional approaches Not limited by what has been done in the past
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 78 Careers for Dominant Thinkers INTP ISTP ENTJ ESTJ Allows you to use objective criteria Fair set of standards and principles Reward logical decisions
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 79 Careers for Dominant Feelers ISFP INFP ESFJ ENFJ Feel good about the work you do The impact it has on people How humanely and kindly you and others are treated
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 80 CAREERS FOR TYPES ISTP Military Officer Engineer Farmer ISTJ Dentist School Principal Computer Professional Law Enforcement
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 81 ESTP or ESTJ? ESTP Marketing Professional Auditor Craft Worker Manager: Small Business or Government ESTJ Social Services Insurance Agent Or Broker Teacher: Trade or Technical Purchasing Agent
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 82 ISFJ or ISFP? ISFJ Nurse Religiously Oriented Occupations Food Service Librarian ISFP Storekeeper Surveyor Chef Carpenter
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 83 ESFP or ESFJ? ESFJ Office Manager Cosmetologist Child Care Worker Receptionist ESFP Child Care Worker Receptionist Food Service Worker Factory Supervisor
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 84 INFJ or INFP? INFJ Architect Fine Artist Research Assistant Psychiatrist INFP Physical Therapist Social Scientist Counsellor or Social Worker Laboratory Technologist
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 85 ENFP or ENFJ? ENFJ Optometrist Artist or Entertainer Designer Physician - Family, General Practice ENFP Teacher - Arts, Health, Special Education Writer or Editor Public Relations Musician or Composer
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 86 Some Career Options forINTJ and INTP INTJ Management Consultant Lawyer or Judge Human Resources Executive Manager INTP Research Assistant Surveyor Photographer Computer Professional
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 87 ENTP or ENTJ? ENTP Credit Investigator or Mortgage Broker Marketing Professional Construction Worker Artist or Entertainer ENTJ Sales Manger Administrator - Health or Education Computer Professional Human Resources
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 88 Skills The activities that you are good at: Computer programming Writing Teaching
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 89 Skills When deciding what field to enter, you need to determine what skills you possess You should also consider the time you are willing to spend on acquiring more advanced or new skills
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 90 Skill Is defined as the ability to do something well, especially as a result of experience Most skills are transferable to other work settings and can be grouped in many ways
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 91 One way is to showfunctional skillsof working with people, data or information, and things or objects Another way is to look at intellectual, aptitudinal, creative, leadership and problem-solving skills
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 92 Skills Employers are interested in knowing which skills you can bring to their organization
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 93 The Foundation Skills Basic skills Reading Writing Arithmetic Mathematics Speaking Listening
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 94 The Foundation Skills Thinking skills Thinking creatively Making decisions Solving problems Knowing how to learn Reasoning
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 95 The Foundation Skills Personalqualities Self-esteem Sociability Self-management Integrity
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 96 Competencies Resources Identifies, organizes, plans and allocates resources Interpersonal Work with others Information Acquires and uses information
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 97 FiveCompetencies 4. Systems Understands complex interrelationships 5. Technology Works with a variety of technologies
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 98 AdditionalConsiderations If your self assessment indicates that a particular occupation matches your interests, skills and values It does not mean it SHOULD be your choice
6/21/2011 www.jobbank-ja.com 106 Match During this phase of the process, you will: Identify possible occupations Evaluate these occupations Explorealternatives Choose both a short term and a long term option