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Internet of things 14-dec2013

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The Internet of Things - Dr. Raghunath Govindachari, VP of Research & Innovation, Mindtree

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Transcript of "Internet of things 14-dec2013"

  1. 1. The Internet of Things A Bird’s Eye View Dr. Raghunath Govindachari Mindtree th December 2013 Presented at Lounge47.in on 14 Ltd. Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  2. 2. Agenda  Part I: Principles ◦ Background & Definitions ◦ Evolutionary Trends Part II: Business of IOT  Part III: Practices  ◦ Platforms,Architecture & Protocols  Part IV: Research ◦ Interoperability, Context, Event Processing Presented at Lounge47.in on 14 December 2013 ◦ Intelligence @ the Periphery th Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  3. 3. PART I: PRINCIPLES Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  4. 4. Today’s Internet: A Snapshot Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  5. 5. The Second Inflection Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  6. 6. IOT: New Devices, New Industries Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  7. 7. Enablers and Challenges   Enablers ◦ Advances in Wireless & Networking ◦ IPV6,All IP Wireless Cores & RANs ◦ Embedded Intelligence: Sensing and Analytics, ◦ Distributed and Stream Reasoning Models & algorithms Challenges ◦ 1000x Bandwidth Increase & Proportionate Signaling Scale ◦ Acceptance of Newer Business Models  Consumption based and QOS Based Services ◦ Legal Hurdles  Privacy & Security ◦ Cost-Benefit Cross Over:at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Presented CAPEX Copyright Savings Investments vs Operational© Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  8. 8. What is Internet of Things?  Physical world objects become tools for sensing and communicating information ◦ they become tools for comprehending complexity and dynamics and to respond swiftly.  Already happening in pockets: ◦ Smart precision farming (Sensor based water, fertilizer, pesticide control) ◦ Billboard in Japan embed cameras to analyzeat Lounge47.in on 14th December and instantly Presented consumer profiles 2013 change display contents Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  9. 9. IOT: Broad Applications  Tracking & Monitoring ◦ Anti-theft/tamper of Devices  Improved Trustworthiness of Information Sources ◦ Feedback Loop Infrastructure  SmartGrids, Connected Homes & Enterprises  Remote Diagnostics & Management ◦ Huge Savings on Field T echnology Support  Real-time Synchronization ◦ Mail/File/SW Push  Always-on and Wake-on-Net Usage Paradigms Presented at Lounge47.in on 14 December 2013 th Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  10. 10. The IOT Haze IOT >> {RFID,WSN, M2M, … } Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 10
  11. 11. The “Popular” Notion of IOT IOT = {DEVICES} U {IT Infrastructure} U {People} Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 11
  12. 12. The M2M to IOT Evolution Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 12
  13. 13. IOT: Closing the Physical – Digital Loop IT Infrastructure RT Data Field Devices Comm. Infrastructure Decisions Analytics Actions Field Operations Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 13
  14. 14. IOT: My World View People IOT Devices IT Infrastructure IOT is uniquely characterized by service discovery & delivery, context synthesis, reasoning based complex event processing and distributed multi-agent decision making to provide optimum operational intelligence in Real-time. Traditional IT M2M Decision support Focusses on systems based on Connectivity, business logic, provisioning, structured data configuration and schema and managed managementDecember 2013 Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th of devices and pre-configured Copyright © and networks Dr. Raghunath Govindachari IOT Brings RT context into decision making and dynamic behavior/personali ty to end devices
  15. 15. IOT: Dawn of the Real-time Enterprise? IOT enabled Business Processes  Service-enabling the IOT Resources  Adaptive Event Driven Processes  Highly Scalable and Distributed Processes  What Internet did to EA in the digital world, IOT -enablement can do in the Physical world Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 15
  16. 16. Evolving Industrial Systems Architecture “Consumerization”on 14 December 2013 Presented at Lounge47.in of Industrial Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari systems? th 16
  17. 17. BUSINESS OF IOT Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  18. 18. IoT Landscape Panorama Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  19. 19. IoT – Growth Markets Top 10 Connected-life applications by 2020 (Machina Research) Application Value ($USb) Connected Car 600 Clinical Remote Monitoring 350 Assisted Living 270 Home and Building Security 250 Pay-As-You-Drive Car 245 Insurance New Business Models for 225 Car Usage Smart Meters 105 Traffic Management 100 Electric Vehicle Charging 75 Building Automation 40 By 2017, the overall & Communication market, public IoT M2M & security and retail safety will estimated to b contribute e market share, i.e. 16.8% and maximu 18.7% followed by consumer & m residential, and IT & telecom at around 11.9% and 10.5%; industrial & commercial buildings 8.6%; Healthcare 7.7%. While, the energy & power, transportation, manufacturing, and other verticals with a forecast data at 7.1%, 7.1%, 6.8%, and 4.9%, respectively (Markets & Markets) 2013 Key Growth Markets Industrial Equipment, Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December Transportation, Govindachari Copyright © Dr. Raghunath
  20. 20. IoT Value Chain – Value Share M2M services revenue projections 2012 Value shifts in M2M services Close to 70% of the value is in Service platforms & Services Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  21. 21. IoT Value Chain Opportunities Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  22. 22. The business of IOT – Applications ◦ Smart Urban City Applications - Monitoring of parking spaces, Intelligent and adaptive lighting systems, Smart traffic congestion and transportation solutions. ◦ Environment sensing & monitoring – Continuous air quality monitoring, Citizen noise pollution monitoring, Detecting forest fires using wireless sensors. ◦ Smart Water Systems – Water Flow Detection,Water Quality Monitoring ◦ Intelligent Buildings – Home energy monitoring (1, 2), Building automation & control network, Internet-enabled HVAC Systems. Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  23. 23. Cont’d…  Retail & Logistics - Supply chain control, automated warehouse restocking, item location, RFID based NFC payments.  Inter-Vehicular technologies – Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET), Fleet tracking,V2V and V2I (Vehicle-to-Vehicle and Vehicle-to- Infrastructure)  Precision agriculture – Quality vineyard decisions, Crop disease detection, Smart irrigation systems.  Medical & Healthcare – Vital function monitoring, Independent living (wellness for the aged), Pharmaceutical companies. Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  24. 24. The IOT Skills ◦ Opportunities @ Interface; Multi-disciplinary:  Embedded Systems,WSNs, NW Protocols,Web T echnologies, Social-NW-enablement, Semantic Modeling,AI ◦ Mastering Open Source Components  Hardening them for real-world solutions  System Level Optimization: Performance, Power, Cost, ◦ Focused Partnerships  Domain-centric,T echnology-centric, Business-centric Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  25. 25. IOT– Selected Analyst Websites and Resources M2M World of Connected Things Sector Map • Beecham Research: • ABI Research nternet of Things, M2M , Wireless Sensor Networks • Forrester: Internet of Things Reports •Frost & Sullivan: Internet of Things, M2M, Sensor Internet of Things and Internet of Things Blog Posts • Gartner: M2M and M2M Blog Posts Sensor and Sensor Blog Posts • IDC: Search for Internet of Things, M2M •Markets & Markets Market Internet of Things (IoT) & Machine-T o-Machine (M2M) Communication •Machina Research Report - M2M Global Forecast and Analysis 2011-22 •Harbor Research 2012 Smart Systems Forecast Report •IMS Research •Juniper Research Buildings 2012-2017 •Berg Insight http://www.imsresearch.com/search.php?keywords=m2m m2m & Embedded Strategies -T elematics, Smart CE, Meters and Security Applications and Wireless M2M – December 2012 Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  26. 26. PART III: PRACTICES Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  27. 27. WSN Vendors Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 27
  28. 28. Component s iSense ScatterWeb MSB Tmote Sky MSP43 0 MSP43 0 ScatterWeb, Conti ki Contiki,TinyO S iMote2 Hardware Jenni c Operating Systems iSens e Programming Language C++ Intel XScale TinyO S Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari nes C C,
  29. 29. PAAS Platforms: Data Logging & Visualization  iDigi Device Cloud(http://www.idigi.com/)  Pachube/Cosm/xively (https://xively.com/)  Evrythng Engine & Services (http://evrythng.com/)  SensorCloud (http://www.sensorcloud.com/)  ThingSpeak (https://www.thingspeak.com)  Nimbits (http://www.nimbits.com/  Grovestreams (https://grovestreams.com) Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  30. 30. IOT Protocols David E. Culler - The Internet of Every Thing - steps toward sustainability CWSN Keynote, Sept. 26, 2011on 14th December 2013 Presented at Lounge47.in Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  31. 31. IOT Middleware and Platforms Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  32. 32. Middleware functional blocks functional blocks of a  The key Middleware typically are: ◦ Device discovery and management ◦ Interoperation ◦ Context Detection (state of the physical devices) ◦ Security and Privacy (Authentication and Access Control) ◦ Managing large data volumes (Big Data Solutions) Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  33. 33. Middleware… Cont’d  Some of the leading open-source IOT middleware are: ◦ LinkSmart (previously called Hydra) ◦ Aspire (for RFID solutions ) ◦ UbiSOAP (SOAP based, two-layer architecture) ◦ UbiWARE (using autonomous agents to monitor state of devices) ◦ GSN (XML and SQL based virtual sensor manager) Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 ◦ SOCRADES (uses SAP NetWeaver platform) Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  34. 34. Resources ◦ IOT T oolkit: thingsresources/ http://postscapes.com/internetof- Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 34
  35. 35. PART IV: ON-GOING RESEARCH Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  36. 36. IOT: Research Areas ◦ Heterogeneity @ “internet” scale ◦ Data Representation & Interchange ◦ Query Models for Streaming Data ◦ Heterogeneous Event Processing ◦ Context Capture/Synthesis ◦ Stream Reasoning Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 36
  37. 37. Our Research in IOT Middleware Aspects of IOT  Communication ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦  IPv6 over BLE transport Internet Service for Bluetooth COAP Protocol Stack Routing Protocols for LLNs Intelligent Middleware for IOT ◦ Service Orientation at Gateway Level ◦ Semantic SOA for Service Description ◦ Sensor Data Fusion, Enhancement & Context Augmentation ◦ Streaming Data Management Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 37
  38. 38. Intelligent Gateways ◦ Intelligence at the Periphery  Real-time Response, Sensor Data Fusion, Data Enhancement/Transformation, Summarization, and Context Augmentation ◦ Basis for Enabling “Sensing as a Service”  Service Virtualization and Composition  QOS and Service Semantics Configuration Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 38
  39. 39. Service Orientation at Gateway in  Colocation of Multiple NW Connected Vehicles Regimes  ◦ Under the Hood, in-cabin and in-container NWs ◦ ECU/OBD Remote Monitoring by Vehicle OEM/on- Road Service NW ◦ T elematics NW used by Fleet Operator and/or Insurance Agency ◦ Container T elemetry NW used by Warehouse/Logistics Provider But in Isolation ◦ ECU Data not available to Fleet Operator/Logistics provider th Presented at Lounge47.in on 14 December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari 39
  40. 40. Service Orientation at Gateways in Connected Homes  Colocation of Multiple NW Regimes but in isolation ◦ Basic Utility remote Metering and Demand Monitoring NW ◦ Home/tenement/building level climate monitoring/control NW ◦ Connected Appliances Remote diagnostics & maintenance ◦ Remote Health/fitness/life-style monitoring Services NW     Isolation leads to loss of contextual information Gateways for each NW leads to cost inefficiencies Intelligent Gateways with service Orientation enables collaboration across NW Regimes Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Highly Copyright ©Common Gateways can lower 40 Secure Dr. Raghunath Govindachari
  41. 41. Mindtree Intelligent IOT Middleware Transcodi ng Connectivity management HTT PCoA P Proxy CoAP (C&S) UDP XML, JSO N HTT P TCP/I P IPV6 with IPSEC and RPL 6LoWPAN Protocol adaptor Protoc ol Adapto r Protoc ol Adapto r 802.15.4 Blueto oth Other protoc ols Cellula r Safety & Security Resource Management Security, Privacy,Trust Data Management EXI Predictive Maintenanc e Application Service Enablement Data Analytics & Contextualization Event & Exceptions Processin g QoS & Data flow management GW Intelligence Ethernet Multi-protocol Stack Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari Service Virtualization “Intelligence” Pack
  42. 42. "The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it“ - Dr. Mark Weiser (former CTO at Xerox PARC) www.mindtree.com Presented at Lounge47.in on 14th December 2013 Copyright © Dr. Raghunath Govindachari India | USA | UK | Germany | Sweden | Belgium | France | Switzerland | UAE | Singapore | Australia | Japan | China
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