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  • Machu pichu, bronze knife pendent , Wooden Royal Seat/ Tiana Wood, 29 cm x 40.5 cm Colonial Peru, late 16th century Tianas were reserved for use by individuals of special authority, and continued to be produced by the Inca even after the Spanish invasion. This particular tiana was crafted from lacquered wood of Spanish provenance, exemplifying the integration of Spanish and Inca techniques and goods. © The Field Museum, A114206D
  • Tripod Vase with the God of Death http://www.hermitagemuseum.org/html_En/04/b2003/hm4_1_34_0.html Mixtecs, 1250-1521 AD Zaachila Terracotta Codex http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/mixtec.htm Used to record history as well as information such
  • Log cabins were made by the Dutch Salt box house Meeting house
  • Morattico hall (virginia house) Slat-back chair
  • San juan capistrano
  • Design resource book

    1. 1. DESIGN RESOURCE BOOK Louise Le
    2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>England: Renaissance to Neoclassical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tudor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jacobean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William and Mary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chippendale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adams Brothers or William Kent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheraton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hepplewhite </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre-Columbian America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Olmecs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teotihuacan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixtecs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North American: Pueblo, Hopi, Cherokee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonial Period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William and Mary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Anne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georgian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish Missions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Townsend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel McIntyre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duncan Phyfe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>19 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastlake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neoclassicism in Ireland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biedermeier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gustavian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victorian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic Revival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek Revival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egyptian Revival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque Revival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance Revival </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arts and Crafts Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Art Nouveau Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Art Deco </li></ul><ul><li>20 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frank Lloyd Wright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bauhaus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marcel Breuer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ludwig Mies van der Rohe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scandinavian Modern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard Neutra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip Johnson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frank Gehry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tadao Ando </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles and Ray Eames </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. England: Renaissance to Neoclassical
    4. 4. Tudor <ul><li>Rulling Family: </li></ul><ul><li>Henry VII </li></ul><ul><li>Edward VI </li></ul><ul><li>Mary I </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic  Classical </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Gables </li></ul><ul><li>Half-timbered structure </li></ul><ul><li>Wattle and daub technique </li></ul><ul><li>Linenfold motif </li></ul><ul><li>Tudor rose motif </li></ul><ul><li>Tudor Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Great Hall </li></ul>
    5. 5. Tudor
    6. 6. Elizabethan <ul><li>Daughter of Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Large glass areas </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters of classical order chimneys </li></ul><ul><li>Symmetric design </li></ul><ul><li>E or H-shaped Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Paneled walls </li></ul><ul><li>Great Hall </li></ul>Montacute House
    7. 7. Elizabethan
    8. 8. Jacobean <ul><li>Stuart Family (1603-1714) </li></ul><ul><li>James I influenced by classical architect Inigo Jones </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Linenfold motif </li></ul><ul><li>Design becomes more confident </li></ul><ul><li>Classicism influence </li></ul><ul><li>Brighter colors </li></ul><ul><li>3-dimensionality </li></ul>The Banqueting House
    9. 9. Jacobean Architecture Knole, kent Banqueting House,, London by Inigo Jones <ul><li>Furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Wainscot chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Turned chair </li></ul><ul><li>Gateleg Table </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobean Upholstered Chair </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobean Settee </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobean chest (press cupboard) </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobean Monk’s chest </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobean Monk chest </li></ul><ul><li>Strapwork </li></ul>
    10. 10. William and Mary Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire <ul><li>Influenced by Baroque style (1689-1702) </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>More weight, drama. Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Tear-drop hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Trumpet Leg </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>St. Pauls Cathedral, London </li></ul><ul><li>Blenheim Palace, Oxforshire </li></ul>
    11. 11. William and Mary <ul><li>Furniture Treatments & Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Marquetry </li></ul><ul><li>Seaweed Marquetry </li></ul><ul><li>Japanning </li></ul><ul><li>Parcil gilt </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish S or C Scroll </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture </li></ul><ul><li>William & Mary Highboy </li></ul><ul><li>William & Mary Bun Foot Chest </li></ul><ul><li>William & Mary Wing Back chair & ottoman </li></ul><ul><li>William & Mary drawers </li></ul>
    12. 12. Queen Anne <ul><li>Baroque Influence(1702-1714) </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Anne Chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Casegoods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Anne Lowboy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Anne Highboy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Anne Tallboy </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Chippendale <ul><li>Neoclassical but highly eclectic </li></ul><ul><li>Chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Ladder-Back Chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Ribband Back Chair </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic Influence </li></ul><ul><li>H-stretchers </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Re-did Ball and Claw </li></ul><ul><li>Rosette Bail Handles/ Willow mount with Bail Handle </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Mahogany </li></ul><ul><li>Cabriole Leg  Marlborough </li></ul>
    14. 14. Chippendale
    15. 15. Adams Brothers Syon House <ul><li>Achitecture </li></ul><ul><li>Syon House, London </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate walls and moldings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gilt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foliage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Palladio and French </li></ul><ul><li>Overall Unity/ Cohesiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral Colors + Pastel Blue </li></ul><ul><li>Enfalades </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture goes belongs </li></ul>Their Father William Adams was a famous Scottish Architect. Robert Adams was the chief designer and brought in Neoclassicsm. Saltram House
    16. 16. Sheraton <ul><li>Influenced by Hepplewhite. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Square </li></ul><ul><li>Urn-backs </li></ul><ul><li>Stuffed over Upholstery </li></ul><ul><li>Mahogany + Satinwood </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for male + Female </li></ul>
    17. 17. Hepplewhite <ul><li>Neoclassic Furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Painted on furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Spade foot </li></ul><ul><li>Designed pier glass </li></ul><ul><li>Sheild, camel, oval, heart, wheel backs </li></ul><ul><li>Used Mahogany + Satinwood </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Greek with Urn </li></ul>
    18. 18. Pre-Columbian America
    19. 19. Olmecs Early Columbian Civilization. Before 500 B.C. Gods : Quetzocoatl Tlaloc(coatlique) <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Collasal Heads </li></ul><ul><li>Jaguar </li></ul><ul><li>Ball Court </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrafice </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>La Venta </li></ul>
    20. 20. Teotihuacan 250 B.C. – A.D. 900 Approximately 200,000 inhabitants Ceremonial center 2 miles long 130’ wide avenue of the dead 3 Main structures: Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon
    21. 21. Mayans <ul><li>300 B.C. – 1521 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Occupied central America </li></ul><ul><li>Had observatories in the Guard towers </li></ul><ul><li>Ball courts- sacrificial game </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual furniture Chacmool </li></ul><ul><li>found at the top of the pyramid </li></ul>
    22. 22. Moche Early Columbian Civilzation 100 A.D. – 750 A.D. Located: Peru Used Plaster for walls and having elaborate murals Known for their pottery Stirrup Sprout Vessel People portrayed in pottery became more naturalistic and less idealistic
    23. 23. Incas <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe (Coastal area) </li></ul><ul><li>Wood (eastern Slope) </li></ul><ul><li>Stone (Highlands) </li></ul><ul><li>Early Columbian Civilzation 1000 A.D. – 1476 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Machu Picchu </li></ul><ul><li>Resort for their rulers </li></ul>
    24. 24. Mixtecs Style: Geometric manner Motifs seem Greek Early Columbian Civilzation 1200 A.D. – 1521 A.D. Mitla was their burial site.
    25. 25. North American Cherokee
    26. 26. North American Hopi
    27. 27. North American Pueblo Adobe Houses Basket weaving
    28. 28. Early America
    29. 29. Colonial Period First Settlement came from Spain in Florida in 1565 First English Settlement was Jamestown Virginia 1607 Architecture Early Colonial: Wren Building Williamsburg Governors Palace Late Colonial: California Mission Monticello Famous Architects John Coney Caspar Witar
    30. 30. William and Mary Ladder back chair William and Mary chair styles in the Americas
    31. 31. Queen Anne <ul><li>Was the most popular European style in the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>It was dubbed Georgian </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Queen Anne +European Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy </li></ul><ul><li>Ornate </li></ul><ul><li>Classical aspect </li></ul>
    32. 32. Georgian <ul><li>Georgian is the combination of Queen Anne and European Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy </li></ul><ul><li>Ornate </li></ul><ul><li>Classical aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Named after King George </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture: </li></ul><ul><li>Williamsburg Capitol of Virginia1699-1779 </li></ul><ul><li>Wood : </li></ul><ul><li>Walnut </li></ul>
    33. 33. Federal <ul><li>Was the Georgian design counterpart after the Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy </li></ul><ul><li>Ornate </li></ul><ul><li>Classical aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Greek and Roman Influenced </li></ul><ul><li>Eagles </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture: </li></ul><ul><li>White House </li></ul><ul><li>Moticello </li></ul><ul><li>Architects : </li></ul><ul><li>William Thorton </li></ul><ul><li>Duncan Phyfe </li></ul><ul><li>Wood : </li></ul><ul><li>Walnut </li></ul>
    34. 34. Spanish Missions <ul><li>Occurred at the same time as the Federal Period </li></ul><ul><li>Father Junipero Sara is the founder of Spanish Missions </li></ul><ul><li>29 missions total </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Interiors were very important </li></ul><ul><li>Each mission’s characteristic was dependent on its location </li></ul>
    35. 35. Shaker Early settlers from England came to Americas and settled in New York. A philosophically based society  greatly influenced design <ul><li>Form Follows Function </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Functional </li></ul><ul><li>Comparable to Japanese design </li></ul><ul><li>Sparse </li></ul><ul><li>Colors: meetinghouse blue, trustee brown, and Ministry Green </li></ul>
    36. 36. John Townsend Designed in Late Colonial (Georgian) Period. Apprenticed John Goddard. Works : Blockfront casegoods Cockleshell ornament: block and shell pieces
    37. 37. Samuel Mcintyre Had an extremely cohesive design style. His furniture designs were based on Sheraton and Hepplewhite. Works : Gardner Pingree House1805
    38. 38. Duncan Phyfe Early America’s most famous designer. Influenced by Chippendale and Sheraton Characteristics : Lyre motif Mahogany Scrolled arms
    39. 39. 19 th Century
    40. 40. Empire <ul><li>Style attributed to Napolean Bonaparte. </li></ul><ul><li>Great appreciation of the arts. </li></ul><ul><li>Works : </li></ul><ul><li>Arc de Triomphe </li></ul><ul><li>Academie des Beaux-arts </li></ul><ul><li>Fontainebleau </li></ul><ul><li>Architects : </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Percier </li></ul><ul><li>Pierre Franxois Leonard Fontaine </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>Drapes everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy </li></ul>
    41. 41. Eastlake
    42. 42. Second Empire <ul><li>Style attributed to Napolean III. </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilt Paris as we know it today. </li></ul><ul><li>Works : </li></ul><ul><li>L’Opera </li></ul><ul><li>Lourve </li></ul><ul><li>Architects : </li></ul><ul><li>Georges Haussmann </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Attention to detail </li></ul><ul><li>Mansard Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Steel Grey-Blue </li></ul>
    43. 43. Regency <ul><li>Thomas Hope and George Smith influenced this design style. </li></ul><ul><li>Works : </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Pavillion at Brighton </li></ul><ul><li>Regent’s Park </li></ul><ul><li>Bank of England Lincoln’s Inn Fields </li></ul><ul><li>Architects : </li></ul><ul><li>John Nash </li></ul><ul><li>Sir John Soane </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>Plain plaster walls </li></ul><ul><li>Curves </li></ul><ul><li>Straight classical molding </li></ul><ul><li>Very tall windows </li></ul><ul><li>Marble busts </li></ul>
    44. 44. Neoclassicism in Ireland Lead by James Gandon Works : The Customs House Four Court, King’s Inns
    45. 45. Biedermeier <ul><li>Style: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;charming + Clumsy&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Seating arranged in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Simple Colors </li></ul><ul><li>Wallpaper was also used (Striped) </li></ul><ul><li>Painted moldings </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary colors </li></ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Palm trees </li></ul>Attributed to Papa Bierdermeier (fictional character) Popular in Germany and Scandinavia
    46. 46. Gustavian Design style in Sweden Named After Gustav III Designer: Carl Fredrik Sundvall Work: Manor House Stiernsund Characteristic: Neutral colors Airy Light Neoclassical
    47. 47. Victorian Fixed feather fan with hummingbird Queen Victoria Marked by the Reign of Queen Victoria. During this period the British Empire flourished and traveling became the norm. People brought back furniture from their visits and this contributed to a marked difference to design.
    48. 48. Gothic Revival <ul><li>A.W.N. Pugin advocated Gothic Revival </li></ul><ul><li>Style: </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in ornament </li></ul><ul><li>Interiors were more simplified </li></ul><ul><li>Simple oak carvings vs. paper walls </li></ul><ul><li>Wool fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Earthy colors </li></ul><ul><li>Wainscoting </li></ul><ul><li>Stenciling was done </li></ul><ul><li>Works : </li></ul><ul><li>Linhurst in Terrytown New York </li></ul><ul><li>St.Patrick’s Cathedral in NY </li></ul><ul><li>Academy of Fine Arts </li></ul>
    49. 49. Greek Revival Became the correct style for government buildings and expression of civic virtue
    50. 50. Egyptian Revival Napoleon Bonaparte introduced Egyptian Revival Designers: Percier Fontaine
    51. 51. Romanesque Revival <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Supplimented architecture with wood </li></ul><ul><li>Stained glass </li></ul><ul><li>Decorative tile </li></ul><ul><li>Architect : </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Hobson Richardson </li></ul><ul><li>Style : </li></ul><ul><li>Spare ornament </li></ul><ul><li>Large masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Rounded headed arches </li></ul><ul><li>Barrel vaulting </li></ul><ul><li>columns are very distinct in their own right </li></ul><ul><li>Simple used in clusters, more slender </li></ul><ul><li>Works </li></ul><ul><li>Trinity Church in Boston </li></ul>
    52. 52. Renaissance Revival Popularized by Herter Brothers Designers : A. Baudouine Alexander Roux Characteristics Rosewood Upholstery elaborate and colors rich
    53. 53. Arts and Crafts Movement
    54. 54. Arts and Crafts Created by William morris Also known as the Craftsman style or Mission Style Designers : Gustav Stickley Greene and Greene Works: Gamble House
    55. 55. Arts and Crafts
    56. 56. Art Nouveau Movement
    57. 57. Art Nouveau Characteristic : Sinuous curves Asymmetry Plant forms Primarily concerned with visual Use of iron Designers : Arthur HeygateMackmurdo Louis Sullivan
    58. 58. Art Nouveau Works: Hotel Savoy Hotel Tassel Art Nouveau in France Designers: Emille Galle and Hector Guimard Art Nouveau in Austria Designers: Otto Wagner Adolf Loos and Josef Hoffman
    59. 59. Art Deco
    60. 60. Art Deco René Lalique.'Oranges' vase. Ruth Reeves: 'Manhattan', furnishing fabric Carreras Cigarette Factory (now Greater London House) <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Geometric plant shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Bold colors </li></ul><ul><li>Avoided curves </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of many different styles </li></ul><ul><li>Works : </li></ul><ul><li>Chrysler Building in NY </li></ul><ul><li>Radio City Music Hall </li></ul>
    61. 61. Art Deco Chrysler Building NY Radio City Music Hall
    62. 62. 20 th Century
    63. 63. Frank Lloyd Wright Steel Cathedral (project); New York; 1926 Modernist architect Explored spatial relationships
    64. 64. Bauhaus Considered the most important development in design. Directed by Walter Gropuis after WWI Fundamental Belief: Social Responsibility
    65. 65. Marcel Breuer Student at bauhause carpetry Workshop Experimented with tubular steel as a furniture material
    66. 66. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Seagram Building <ul><li>Apprenticed to Peter Behrens </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona Pavillion </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Onyx </li></ul><ul><li>Green marble </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and green glass </li></ul><ul><li>Floors of travertine </li></ul><ul><li>Black glass </li></ul><ul><li>White leather </li></ul><ul><li>Open plan </li></ul>
    67. 67. Richard Neutra Inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright Works: Lovell Health House Edgar Kauffman Sr. house Characteristics: Relaxed modernism
    68. 68. Philip Johnson Williams Tower (formerly the Transco Tower) Greatly Admired Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Works: The Glass House
    69. 69. Frank Gehry Another Modernist architect Gehry introduced a new way to look at shape and architecture Characteristics Highly Unconventional Considered the ‘deconstructionist’ Did not used straight lines and right angles A lot of steel Works : Walt Disney Concert Hall Personal Home in Santa Monica Guggenheim Museum
    70. 70. Tadao Ando
    71. 71. Charles and Ray Eames Team of designers: Charles Eames and wife Ray Eames Modernist known for their whimsical use of color and organic designs

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