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Islamic Art
 
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  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights. This panel, carved from a single piece of elephant ivory, once adorned one side of a rectangular casket. The complexity of the decoration as well as the attention to details, such as the eyes of humans and animals, which were drilled and filled with minute clear stones, demonstrate the refinement and the accomplishment of such an object.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights. This panel, carved from a single piece of elephant ivory, once adorned one side of a rectangular casket. The complexity of the decoration as well as the attention to details, such as the eyes of humans and animals, which were drilled and filled with minute clear stones, demonstrate the refinement and the accomplishment of such an object.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights. The most important element in any mosque is the mihrab, the niche that indicates the direction of Mecca. Because it functions as the focal point in prayer ritual, its decoration was executed with great skill and devotion. This example from the Madrasa Imami in Isfahan, founded in A.H. 755/A.D. 1354, is composed of a mosaic of small glazed tiles fitted together to form various geometric and floral patterns and inscriptions. The inscriptional frieze in muhaqqaq script containing sura IX:14–22 from the Qur'an runs from the bottom right to the bottom left; a second inscription, in kufic script, with sayings of the Prophet, borders the pointed arch of the niche; and a third inscription, in cursive, is set in a frame at the center of the niche. The bottom of the niche, just below the central inscription, and a substantial part of the beginning and end of the main inscription were restored by skillful potters in Isfahan in the mid-1920s. Outermost script details 5 pillars of the Islamic faith.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights. In the reign of Hushang, grandson of Gayumars, the world came to understand the usefulness of minerals and the art of smithery, as well as agriculture and irrigation. One day Hushang spied a horrible dragon lurking behind the rocks. He hurled a stone at it, which missed the monster but hit a larger rock causing sparks to fly up. Realizing the significance of this phenomenon, Hushang built a large fire and held a feast to celebrate its discovery. The witty yet profound characterizations of people and animals are characteristic of the liveliest of Sultan Muhammad' s creations. No Persian artist has excelled in presenting a world so overflowing with life and so rich in exuberant detail as Sultan Muhammad, to whom this painting is attributed. Using color, he created a somewhat otherworldly atmosphere suitable to the remote, early phase of civilization depicted in this miniature celebrating the discovery of fire.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Islamic Art Islamic Art Presentation Transcript

  • Islamic Art
  • Chronology of Early Islam Muhammad Born in Mecca ca. 570 Muhammad’s First Revelation 610 Flight to Medina ( Hijra ) 622 Muhammad Dies in Medina 632
  •  
    • Five Pillars of Islam
    •  Faith There is no God but God; Muhammad is his messenger
    • Prayer Salat –obligatory prayers said five times daily
    • Charity Zakat –“purification” or “growth”
    •  Fasting during month of Ramadan
    •  Pilgrimage Hajj –trip to Mecca once in a lifetime some go yearly during Ramadan
  • Umayyad Art
  •  
  • Dome of the Rock , Jerusalem, 687-692
  • Dome of the Rock Jerusalem 687-692
  • Dome of the Rock (interior) Jerusalem 687-692
  • Great Mosque Damascus, Syria 706-715
  • Mosaic from Courtyard Great Mosque Damascus, Syria 706-715
  • Plan of the Umayyad Palace Mshatta, Jordan ca. 740-750
  • Detail of the Frieze of the Umayyad Palace Mshatta, Jordan ca. 740 - 750 limestone 16 ft. 7 in. high
  • Frieze of the Umayyad Palace , Mshatta, Jordan , ca. 740 – 750, limestone 16 ft. 7 in. high
  • Abbasid Art
  • Aerial view of the Great Mosque, Qayrawan, Tunisia , ca. 836-875
  • Plan of the Great Mosque Qayrawan, Tunisia ca. 836-875
  • Malwiya minaret of the Great Mosque, Samarra, Iraq ca. 848-852
  • In situ
  • Mausoleum of the Samanids,, Bukhara, Uzbekistan , early 10th century
  • Umayyad Art in Iberia
  •  
  • Entrance to the Great Mosque Córdoba, Spain 8th to 10th centuries
  • Prayer hall of the Great Mosque Córdoba, Spain 8th to 10th centuries
  • Dome in front of the mihrab of the Great Mosque Córdoba, Spain 961-965
  • Plaque, 10th or early 11th century ivory, quartz, pigment, 4 1/4 x 8 in .
  • Plaque, 10th or early 11th century, ivory, quartz, pigment, 4 1/4 x 8 in.
  • Nasrid Art in Iberia
  • Court of Lions, Alahambra Palace, Granada, Spain 1354-1391
  • Muqarnas dome, hall of the Two Sisters Alahambra Palace Granada, Spain 1354-1391
  • Islamic Luxury Arts
  • Confronting lions and palm tree fragment of a textile from Zandana, Uzbekistan 8th century silk compound twill 2 ft. 11 in. x 2 ft. 9 1/2 in .
  • Sulayman Ewer in the form of a bird 796 brass with silver and copper inlay 1 ft. 3 in. high
  • Quran page with the beginning of surah 18, al Kahf (The Cave) 9th or early 10th century ink and gold on vellum 7 1/4 in. x 10 1/4 in.
  • Mamluk Art
  • Madrasa-mosque-mausoleum complex of Sultan Hasan Cairo, Egypt 1356-1363
  • plan of the Madrasa - Mosque - Mausoleum complex of Sultan Hasan Cairo, Egypt
  • Qibla wall, main iwan Madrasa-mosque-mausoleum complex of Sultan Hasan Cairo, Egypt 1356-1363
  • Ottoman Turkish Art
  • Sinan Mosque of Selim II Edirne, Turkey 1568-1575
  • Sinan plan of Mosque of Selim II Edirne, Turkey 1568-1575
  • Sinan Mosque of Selim II (interior) Edirne, Turkey 1568-1575
  • Seljuk Art
  • Courtyard of the Great Mosque, Isfahan, Iran , 11th to 17th centuries
  • Dome of the Shah Mosque Isfahan, Iran 1611-1638
  • Mihrab from the Madrasa Imami Isfahan, Iran ca. 1354 glazed mosaic tilework 11 ft. 3 in. x 7 ft. 6 in.
  • Safavid Art
  • Sultan-Muhammad The court of Gayumars detail of folio 20 verso of the Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp Tabriz, Iran ca.1525-1535 ink, watercolor and gold on paper 13 x 9 in.
  • Sultan-Muhammad, The court of Gayumars, detail of folio 20 verso , of the Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp, Tabriz, Iran , ca.1525-1535, ink, watercolor and gold on paper
  • Sultan-Muhammad Hushang discovers fire detail of folio recto of the Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp Tabriz, Iran ca.1525-1535 ink, watercolor and gold on paper 13 x 9 in.
  • Mughal Art
  • Taj Mahal, Agra, India , 1632-1647
  • Sub-Saharan Islamic Art
  •  
  • Eastern façade of Friday, Mosque, Djenne, Mali , 13th century, rebuilt 1906-07