At this Fountain house the women are under the shade of a Doric columned porch. Three women fill hydraie jars while a fourth balances her empty jug on her head as she waits, a fifth woman without a jug seems to be waving to someone, The building is designed like a Stoa-opened on one side with a wall on the other, roof is covered and held up with columns. The circular palmettes (fan shaped petal designs frame the main scenes and suggest a rich and colorful civic center.
The center was the naos, or cella, a room with no windows that housed the cult statue or deityNaos is entered from the pronaos, or porch, between two columns Behind the cella is a smaller room , but most temples had a opisthodomos , set against the blank wall of the cella, the purpose was not functional but decorative to satisfy the Greek passion for balance and symmetry.A colonnade was often placed across the front of the temple (prostyle) and across the back (amphiprostyle) or all around the cella to porches to form a peristyle or peripteral a colonnade consisting of a single row of colmuns on all sides, a double row is called a dipteral As in Sculpture, architecture reflected and embodied, the cosmic order, with insistence on proportion
Greek intellectTheatreFestival for the God of Wine, DionysosStone Excellent acoustics, everyone could hear the actorsCurved rows of stone seats formed an inverted conical spaceBehind the orchestra (literally a place for dancing) was the rectangular stone backdrop or skene (scene) where actors entered and exited.In the fourth century Phillip II of Macedon, in northeastern Greece, conquered the Greek mainland and his son Alexander the Great extended his empire. Intellectual leaders, Plato and Aristotle, along with playwrights Aeschylos, Sophokles, and Euripides continued to write and perform plays.