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Ancient Greek Art History Updated

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This is the final update of the Art, Sculpture, and Architecture of Ancient Greece for my AP Art History

This is the final update of the Art, Sculpture, and Architecture of Ancient Greece for my AP Art History

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  • At this Fountain house the women are under the shade of a Doric columned porch. Three women fill hydraie jars while a fourth balances her empty jug on her head as she waits, a fifth woman without a jug seems to be waving to someone, The building is designed like a Stoa-opened on one side with a wall on the other, roof is covered and held up with columns. The circular palmettes (fan shaped petal designs frame the main scenes and suggest a rich and colorful civic center.
  • .
  • The center was the naos, or cella, a room with no windows that housed the cult statue or deityNaos is entered from the pronaos, or porch, between two columns Behind the cella is a smaller room , but most temples had a opisthodomos , set against the blank wall of the cella, the purpose was not functional but decorative to satisfy the Greek passion for balance and symmetry.A colonnade was often placed across the front of the temple (prostyle) and across the back (amphiprostyle) or all around the cella to porches to form a peristyle or peripteral a colonnade consisting of a single row of colmuns on all sides, a double row is called a dipteral As in Sculpture, architecture reflected and embodied, the cosmic order, with insistence on proportion
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  • Greek intellectTheatreFestival for the God of Wine, DionysosStone Excellent acoustics, everyone could hear the actorsCurved rows of stone seats formed an inverted conical spaceBehind the orchestra (literally a place for dancing) was the rectangular stone backdrop or skene (scene) where actors entered and exited.In the fourth century Phillip II of Macedon, in northeastern Greece, conquered the Greek mainland and his son Alexander the Great extended his empire. Intellectual leaders, Plato and Aristotle, along with playwrights Aeschylos, Sophokles, and Euripides continued to write and perform plays.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Art of Ancient Greece
      c. 800-300 BCE
    • 2. Map
      of
      Ancient
      Greece
    • 3.
    • 4. Geometric
      c. 750 BCE
    • 5. Geometric amphora,
      two handled storage jar, 8th Century BCE;
      From Dipylon
    • 6. Orientalizing
      c. 650 BCE
    • 7. Polyphemos Painter, amphora
      675-650 BCE
      Orientalizing Style
    • 8. Archaic Style (from the Greek word archaios, meaning “old”)
      (c. 550 BCE)
    • 9. Priam Painter,
      Women at a
      Fountain House,
      c. 520-510 BCE.
    • 10.
    • 11. Panathenaic Amphora with Runners,
      c. 520 BCE,
      Attributed to Euphiletos painter.
    • 12. Exekias, amphora Achilles and Ajaxplaying a Board Game
      540-530 BCE
      Archaic Style
    • 13. Ajax on the right says,Tria“Three.” And Achilles counters with Tesara
      “four.” They are believed to be playing dice.
    • 14. Exekias, amphora Achilles and Penthesilea
      525 BCE
      Archaic Period
    • 15.
    • 16. Euphronios (painter) and Euxsitheos (potter), Death of Sarpedon during the Trojan War,
      c. 515 BCE,
      From an Italian grave.
    • 17. Detail of the Death of Sarpedon during
      the Trojan War, c.500 BCE
    • 18. Severe
      or
      Early Classical Style (c.480 BCE)
    • 19.  Berlin Painter, bell krater, showing the Abduction of Europa by Zeus
      490 BCE
      .
    • 20. New Style, what differences to you see?
    • 21. Penthesilea Painter, cup interior showing Achilles and Penthesilea 455 BCE Late Archaic Classical
    • 22.
    • 23. Death of the Children of Niobe, NiobidPainter, c. 455-450 BCE
    • 24.
    • 25. Classical
      to
      Late Classical Style
      (c. 450-350 BCE)
    • 26. Reed Painter, Warrior by a Grave
      ( c.410 BCE)
      Classical period
    • 27. Hellenistic Period
      (c.250 BCE)
    • 28. Battle of Issus, from the House of the Faun, Pompeii,
      Also known as “Alexander Mosaic,” First Century CE
      Roman copy from the Hellenistic period in Greece
    • 29. Alexander the Great
    • 30. Persian King Darius, from…
    • 31.
    • 32.
    • 33. Sculpture Orientalizing Style: Seventh Century BCE
    • 34. Terrace of the Lions, Delos, Italy , 7th Century BCE
    • 35. Sculpture, Archaic Style
      c. 600-480 BCE
      Note: Refer to your sculpture
      hand out
    • 36. New York Kouros
      from Attica
      (c. 600 BCE)
      Archaic Sculpture period
    • 37. Differences?
      Similarities?
    • 38. Kroisos, from Anavysos, Greece, c. 530
      New York Kouros
      from Attica
      (c. 600 BCE)
    • 39. Calf Bearer (Moschophoros), dedicated by Rhonbos on the Acropolis, Athens, c 560 BCE
    • 40. Dying Warrior from the west pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina Greece, c 490 BCE
    • 41. Peplos Kore 530 BCE)
      Archaic period
    • 42. Early Classical Style Sculpture
      c. 480-450 BCE
    • 43. The Kritios Boy, from the Acropolis
      480 BCE
      Early Classical Style
    • 44. Late Classical Period
      Hellenistic Period
      3rd through the
      1st Century
    • 45. Poseidon/Zeus, found in the sea off Cape Artemision 450 BCE)
      Early Classical Period
    • 46. Myron, Diskobolos,
      (Disk Thrower),
      460-450 BCE
      Early Classical
    • 47. Warrior from Riaci
      (c. 450 BCE)
      Early Classical Style
    • 48. Polykleitos, Doryphoras
      (Spear Bearer)
      Classical style
      Roman copy from Pompeii, original c. 450-400 BCE
    • 49.
      • c. 430 BCE)
      Classical Style
       Attributed to Polykleitos, Wounded Amazon, c. 430 BCE)
      Classical Style
      Why is this
      Attributed to Polykleitos?
    • 50. Stele of Hegeso,
      ( c. 410-400 BCE)
      Classical Style
    • 51. Late Classical Period
      Hellenic Period
      3rd through the
      1st Century
    • 52. Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos. Roman marble copy of an original c 350-340 BCE
    • 53. Praxiteles, Hermes and the infant Dionysos, from the temple of Hera, Olympia, Greece, c. 340, or copy of 0riginal work c. 330-270 by grandson.
    • 54. Polykleitos, Doryphoras
      (Spear Bearer)
      440 BCE)
      Compare and contrast
      Praxiteles, Hermes and the infant Dionysos,
      (c. 340-270)
    • 55. Grave Stele of a young hunter found near the Ilissos River, Athens Greece, c. 340-330 BCE
      Attributed to Skopas
    • 56. Lysippos, Apoxyomenos, Roman marble copy of bronze original c. 330 BCE
      Lysippos, Weary Herakles, Roman marble copy, c. 320 BCE
    • 57. Hellenistic Sculpture
      (323-31 BCE)
    • 58. Dying Gallic Trumpeter (Dying Gaul)
      Roman copy after the original bronze of 220 BCE
    • 59. Face detail of the
      Dying Gallic
    • 60.  Winged Nike (Winged Victory) From Samothrace,
      (c. 190 BCE)
      Hellenistic period
    • 61. Aphrodite at Melos (also called Venus de Milo),
      (c. 150-125 BCE)
      Hellenistic Style
      Revival style of the sensual female from Praxiteles during the Classical Period
    • 62.  Boxer,
      Late 2nd to early 1stCentury
      Hellenistic Period
    • 63. Laocoön and His Two Sons,
      1stcentury CE Laocoön and his son.
      Roman copy of a Hellenistic statue adds a son on the left,
    • 64. The Development
      Of
      Ancient Greek Architecture
      and
      Architectural Sculpture
      Archaic Style
      c. 600-480 BCE
    • 65. Plan of a typical Greek peripteral temple
    • 66. Doric Order:
      See Handout and key terms
    • 67. View of Apollo’s Temple at Corinth, (c. 500 BCE)
      Archaic architecture, Early Doric
    • 68.  Reconstruction of the façade of the Siphnian Treasury in the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi, Delphi Museum.
       
      (530-525 BCE)
    • 69. Seated gods from the Ionic Frieze of the SiphnianTreasury, 530-525 BCE
      Archaic style, Ionic
    • 70. Early Classical Style Architecture
      c. 480-450 BCE
    • 71. Ionic Order:
      See handout and key terms
    • 72. The Parthenon-
      Temple of
      Athena Nike
      What are the two orders
      Represented here?
    • 73. Two short films about the Parthenon
      http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/Parthenon.htm
      http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/galleries/ancient_greece_and_rome/room_18_greece_parthenon_scu.aspx
    • 74. Apollo with Lapith and Centaur, center of the west Pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia. 465-457 BCE
    • 75. Acropolis: Akros meaning higher or upper,
      Polis meaning city
    • 76. The Parthenon
      Athens, Greece
      Designed by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates in 448 BCE. Phidias, supervised the sculptures. 448-432 BCE, Classical Style, Doric Order
    • 77. NedaLeipen and Sylvia Hahn, reconstruction of Phidias’s Athena, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.
      From the naos of the Parthenon
    • 78. East Pediment depicted the birth of Athena
      http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/ARTH209/Parthenon_gallery.html
    • 79. West Pediment: contest Between Athena and Poseidon
    • 80.   Lapith and Centaur, from the south metope XXVII of the Parthenon,
      432 BCE
      Classical Period
    • 81. Phidias, Equestrian Group from the north Ionic frieze of the Parthenon, c. 442-439 BCE, Classical style
    • 82.   Temple of Athena Nike from the east, Acropolis, Athens
      Temple of Athena Nike from the east, Acropolis, Athens,
      427-242 BCE
      Classical Style
      Ionic Order
    • 83. Nike Adjusting Her Sandal, from the balustrade of the temple of Athena Nike,
      Acropolis
      410-409 BCE,
      Classical period
    • 84. The caryatid porch of the Erechtheum, south side, Acropolis, Greece , 421-405 BCE, Classical Period, Doric Order
    • 85.
    • 86. Late Classical Period
      Hellenic Period
      3rd through the
      1st Century
    • 87. Temple of Apollo at Delphi 346-320 BCE
    • 88. Corinthian Order:
      See Handout and Key terms
    • 89. Polykleitos the Younger, Cornthian capital, from the tholos, Epidauros, Greece, c. 350
    • 90. Choragic Monument of, Lysikrates, Athens, Greece, 334 BCE
    • 91. Polykleitos the Younger, Theatre at Epidauros,
      (c. 350 BCE)Late Classical Style
    • 92. Hellenistic Architecture
      (323-31 BCE)
    • 93. Great Altar of Zeus,
      west front reconstructed and restored, from Pergamon,
      c. 180 BCE, Hellenistic
    • 94. Athena Battling with Alkyoneus, from the great frieze of the Pergamon altar, East Section,c. 180 BCE, Hellenistic period
    • 95. Stoa of Attalos II c. 159-138 BCE
    • 96. Finally,
      the end of
      Ancient Greek Art after 95 slides!