Families in the uk


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Sue Barton lecture
Friday, 1 February 2013

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Families in the uk

  1. 1. Family Life in the UK Dr Susan Barton
  2. 2. • Family structures• The changing family• Education and socialisation• Support and care Health and social care The roles of the public, private and voluntary sectors
  3. 3. Household• Single person• Couple• Nuclear family• Single-parent or one-parent family• Extended family• House mates in shared houses of multiple occupation
  4. 4. Couples• Partners• Marriage• Husband and wife• Cohabitation• Same-sex couple• Civil partnership
  5. 5. Nuclear family• Parents and their children• Mother and father, sons and daughters• Mum, dad and the kids
  6. 6. Siblingsbrothers and sisters
  7. 7. Extended family - generationsGreatgrandparents, grandparents, parents, childrenGrandmother, grandfatherGrandma, granny, nannaGrandpa, dranddadMultigenerational households
  8. 8. Extended familyMother-in-law, father-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, sister-in-law, brother-in-law,Step-mother, step-son
  9. 9. Adoption
  10. 10. Fostering
  11. 11. Changes in the familyThe traditional nuclear family is in decline in Britain as more people chose to live alone or as couples withoutchildren, data suggests.Fewer people are getting married, with 143,000 first marriages in England and Wales happening in2007, compared with 340,000 in 1971The Office for National Statistics said the most common type of household was the couple familyhousehold, but that there had been a "decline" in the proportion of households containing a "traditional"family unit.The number of people living in family homes with children fell from 52% in 1961 to 36% in 2009, the Office ofNational Statistics said in 2010.
  12. 12. Single-parent families
  13. 13. Separation and divorce
  14. 14. The changing family (Office of National Statistics)1961 2010• 11% of homes were single • 28% of homes are single person households person households• 26% contained childless • 29% contain childless couples couples• 3% single parents • 12% single parents
  15. 15. ChildcareRegistered childminder Day nursery
  16. 16. Pre-school education under-5sSure Start Children’s Centres Nursery school
  17. 17. Children’s Centres• There are more than 3,600 children’s centres in England. They bring all the different support agencies together to offer a range of services to meet the needs of parents and children, all in one place.• Somewhere a child can make friends and learn as they play. Parents can get professional advice on health and family matters, learn about training and job opportunities or just socialise with other people.Services childrens centres must offer• Children’s centres are developed in line with the needs of the local community so no one children’s centre is the same. However, there is a core set of services they must provide:• •child and family health services, ranging from health visitors to breastfeeding support• •most centres offer high quality childcare and early learning - those that don’t can help advise on local childcare options• •advice on parenting, local childcare options and access to specialist services for families like speech therapy, healthy eating advice or help with managing money• •help for parents to find work or training opportunities, using links to local Jobcentre Plus offices and training providers
  18. 18. Other services at Children’sCentresThe services available will depend on yourlocal area. At many childrens centres you can:•see a dentist, dietician or physiotherapist•visit the ‘stop smoking’ clinic•get faster access to expert advice, supportand short-term breaks if your child haslearning difficulties or disabilities•talk to Citizens Advice•take parenting classes•improve your English if it is not your firstlanguage - with someone from your ownculture
  19. 19. Primary schoolInfant school, ages 5 to 7 Junior school, ages 8 to 11Key Stage 1 Key Stage 2, Up to Year 6
  20. 20. Secondary educationComprehensive schoolKey Stages 3 and 4Ages 11 to 16 GCSE Exams at age 16
  21. 21. Sixth Form or Further EducationSixth Form CollegeAge 16 to 18Mostly academic education Further Education CollegeA Level Exams 16+ Vocational education
  22. 22. ApprenticeshipsWork-based, vocationaleducation and training
  23. 23. Higher Education Higher National Diplomas Undergraduates – degree courses – BA, BSc Post-graduate – MA, MSc, MPhil, PhD Professional and higher vocational courses, egUniversity PGCE, CQSW -
  24. 24. Other children’s servicesPlay Rangers Youth work and youth clubs
  25. 25. Ageing population10 million people in the UK are over 65 years old. 3 million people are over 80 years old.
  26. 26. Health and Social Care What services may be available: • A place in a care home or elderly persons’ home • Home care services • Home helps • Adaptations to the home • Meals • Recreational and occupational activities • Day centres
  27. 27. People with disabilitiesSocial inclusion and combatting social exclusionPhysical disabilites Learning disabilities• Mobility • Promoting independence• Access • Access
  28. 28. Voluntary sectorCharities Faith organisations• Age UK• National Childbirth Trust• Mencap• Special Olympics• Menphys• Scope• Samaritans• Red Cross• NSPCC• Guide Dogs for the Blind• Childline• Royal British Legion
  29. 29. CSR Corporate and Social ResponsibilityCompanies’ Social and economicalignment, good practice and values Sponsorship• Grants • A business relationship
  30. 30. The biggest provider of care andsupport is still the family, especially women