Mtd 282 wk_1_power_point

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  • ● Food behaviors can become just as addictive as any other pleasurable activity.
  • ● How big is the large intestine? The large intestine is usually 4 to 5 feet long, and 2½ inches in diameter.
  • ● What role does the pharynx play in digestion? The pharynx, located just behind the mouth, receives the bolus from the mouth. ● What is the bolus? Food that has been chewed, chemically broken down, and mixed with water.
  • ● What role does the liver play in digestion? The liver metabolizes protein, breaks down fatty acids, and removes glucose from the blood. It also secretes bile, stores vitamins, detoxifies the blood, and destroys old blood cells.
  • ● What is peristalsis? Peristalsis is the rhythmic contraction of smooth muscles that propels food through the digestive system.
  • ● In this diagram, the size of the arrow indicates the amount of absorption of a particular substance at that site.
  • ● Where are most substances absorbed? The small intestine.
  • ● Dietary recommendations vary according to a number of factors, including genetic predisposition, age, and health.
  • ● Where can you get necessary dietary fats? Nuts, seeds, oil, and animal products.
  • ● The citric acid cycle is the main pathway through which food energy is released by cells to manufacture ATP.
  • ● What is the BMR? BMR is an acronym for basal metabolic rate; it refers to the smallest amount of energy that must be expended to sustain life.
  • ● How does gender influence metabolism? Men oxidize their food between 5 and 7 percent faster than women. ● How about temperature? An increase in body temperature increases BMR; a decrease has the opposite effect.
  • ● What is the most common cause of cirrhosis? Alcoholism. ● What is a hernia? A hernia is a protrusion of soft tissues through a tear or weak spot in a muscle wall.
  • ● All of these manipulations are directed in a clockwise fashion.
  • ● Urine passes out of the kidneys through the ureters, and is stored in the bladder until it is expelled through the urethra.
  • ● How much filtrate from the blood that kidneys filter is reabsorbed? How much urine does that leave to be excreted? The kidneys reabsorb about 99 percent of the filtrate, leaving about 1 percent to be excreted as urine.
  • ● What are two differences between male and female urethras? Male urethras are longer and are used to pass semen in addition to urine.
  • ● What percentage of the human body is water? In terms of weight, it ranges from 40 to 60 percent, mostly in intercellular fluid.
  • ● Input of water and electrolytes must be balanced by output.
  • ● What purpose does sodium balance serve? It plays an important role in the excitability of muscles and neurons; it is also crucially important in regulating fluid balance in the body.
  • ● What are kidney stones? Kidney stones are small crystalline substances that develop in the kidney; most are calcium. They are brought on by dehydration.
  • ● Besides not having enough water, what other conditions can dehydrate the body? Diarrhea, severe vomiting, excessive sweating, bleeding, and surgical removal of body fluids.

Transcript

  • 1. Deep Tissue, Myofascial Release, and Pin and Stretch
  • 2. Instructor Introduction Name Why I became a massage therapist Expectation Field experience Specialties
  • 3. Ice Breaker Your Name Brief description of your personality and background Children Pets/Animals Likes/Dislikes Work Expectations for this class What would you guess myofascial massage techniques are? When do you think you would use myofascial massage techniques?
  • 4. Course Syllabus Lesson plans Activities Homework
  • 5. Attendance This is an accelerated program ◦ New material is taught every day ◦ When you miss a day of class you miss a lot of material Please be seated and on time for each class See your school’s catalog for more details on the attendance policy
  • 6. Attendance Reasons to be absent may include: Major or contagious illness Contagious skin infection or rash Death in the family Car accident Hospitalization
  • 7. Grading Professionalism = 10% Out-of-Class Assignments = 10% Lab = 30 % Exams/LRSA = 20% Final Exam = 30% Grading Scale ◦ A = 90-100 Superior ◦ B = 80-89 Above Average ◦ C = 70-79 Average ◦ F = 0-69 Failure
  • 8. Classroom Rules and Expectations Must wear school issued scrubs and gym shoes every day ◦ Hats, visors, doo rags and other accessories are not permitted Must always come to school with a positive attitude Cell phones must be on vibrate or off Must behave like professional therapists ◦ Appropriate language must be used at all time ◦ Absolutely no inappropriate comments about other people ◦ Absolutely no harassment of any kind Violence of any kind will not be permitted
  • 9. Lab Rules Inappropriate comments about another person’s body will not be tolerated Sexual harassment will not be tolerated You must work with a different person each day You must shower every day Clean sheets must be brought to school every day All students must participate in lab every day
  • 10. Out-of-Class Assignments Out-of-Class assignments are designed to help you ◦ Pass class exams ◦ Prepare for the Professional Certification Exam ◦ Will be given out the first day of every week ◦ Are due every exam day All out-of-class assignments must be completed in order to receive full credit
  • 11. Exam Policies Retakes for an unexcused absence on exam day are not always possible Ask your instructor for more details on this policy You should make every effort to be on time on all exam days
  • 12. Certification Exam Requirements Professional certification exam requirements in this state How students sign up for the exam
  • 13. Mock Exams Mock exams Exam reviews Tutoring
  • 14. Questions Questions on any of the material discussed so far?
  • 15. Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)  Origin: ◦ Sternal Head:  Top of Manubrium ◦ Clavicular Head:  Medial 1/3 of the clavicle  Insertion: ◦ Mastoid Process of the temporal Bone ◦ Lateral Nuchal Line  Actions: ◦ Unilateral:  Laterally flexes the head  Rotates head to opposite side ◦ Bilateral:  Flexes neck  Assists in inhalation
  • 16. Scalene Anterior  Origin: ◦ Transverse Process of third through 6 cervical vertebrae (C3-6)  Insertion: ◦ First Rib  Actions: ◦ Unilateral:  Laterally Flex the Neck  Rotates head & neck to opposite side ◦ Bilateral:  Elevates ribs during inhalation  Flex the neck
  • 17. Scalene Medius (Middle Scalene)  Origin:  Transverse Process of second through seventh cervical vertebrae (C2-7)  Insertion:  First Rib  Actions:  Unilateral:  Laterally Flex the Neck  Rotates head & neck to opposite side  Bilateral:  Elevates ribs during inhalation
  • 18. Scalene Posterior  Origin: ◦ Transverse Process of fifth & sixth cervical vertebrae (C5&6)  Insertion: ◦ Second Rib  Actions: ◦ Unilateral:  Laterally Flex the Neck  Rotates head & neck to opposite side ◦ Bilateral:  Elevates ribs during inhalation
  • 19. MTD 282 Deep Tissue, Myofascial Release and Pin & Stretch
  • 20. 21 Lesson 12.2 Objectives List and describe the components of the digestive system. Describe the process of digestion. List and describe the main food groups. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education Inc.
  • 21. 22 Digestion Intake and assimilation of nutrients Elimination of waste Eating Required physically Pleasurable Social Emotional Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education Inc.
  • 22. 23 From LaFleur Brooks M: Exploring medical language: a student-directed approach, ed 5, St. Louis, 2002, Mosby. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education Inc.
  • 23. 24 Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education Inc.
  • 24. 25 From Thibodeau GA, Patton KT: Anatomy and physiology, ed 3, St. Louis, 2002, Mosby. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 25. 26 Digestive Organs Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Stomach Small intestine Pancreas Liver Gall bladder Large intestine Nerves Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 26. 27 From Thibodeau GA, Patton KT: Anatomy and physiology, ed 6, St. Louis, 2007, Mosby. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 27. 28 From Thibodeau GA, Patton KT: Anatomy and physiology, ed 6, St. Louis, 2007, Mosby. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education Inc.
  • 28. Nutrition Poor nutrition: effect on general health Good nutrition: diet high in … …vegetables …grains …legumes …fruit (fresh, clean, from good soil) Avoid excess fats and sugars Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 29. 30 Food Groups Proteins Carbohydrates Fats Vitamins Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 30. 31 Modified from Thibodeau GA, Patton KT: Anatomy and physiology, ed 6, St. Louis, 2007, Mosby. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 31. 32 From Thibodeau GA, Patton KT: Anatomy and physiology, ed 5, St. Louis, 2003, Mosby. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 32. 33 Factors Influencing Metabolic Rate Size Gender Age Thyroid hormones Body temperature Drugs Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 33. Pathologic Conditions Appendicitis Cirrhosis Colon cancer Constipation Cystic fibrosis Diverticular disease Gallbladder disease Gastroenteritis Hemorrhoids Hepatitis Hernia Inflammatory bowel disease Irritable bowel syndrome Malabsorption and intolerance syndromes Obstructions Pancreatitis Peptic ulcer disease Reflux esophagitis (GERD) Stomach cancer Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 34. Modified from Fritz S: Mosby’s fundamentals of therapeutic massage, ed 4, St. Louis, 2008, Mosby. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 35. MTD 282 Deep Tissue, Myofascial Release and Pin & Stretch
  • 36. 37 Lesson 12.3 Objectives List and describe the components of the urinary system. Describe the function of the urinary system. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education Inc.
  • 37. 38 From Applegate E: The anatomy and physiology learning system, ed 3, St. Louis, 2006, Saunders. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 38. 39 Functions of Urinary System Conservation of water Maintenance of normal electrolyte concentration Regulation of acid-base balance Regulation of blood pressure Activation of vitamin D Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 39. 40 Organs of the Urinary System Kidneys Ureters Urinary bladder Urethra Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 40. 41 Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 41. 42 Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education Inc.
  • 42. 43 Electrolytes in the Body Sodium Potassium Calcium Magnesium Chloride Phosphate Sulfate Bicarbonate Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 43. Pathologic Conditions Fluid balance: dehydration, edema Bladder infections Glomerulonephritis Incontinence Kidney failure Kidney stones Obstruction Pyelonephritis Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 44. Copyright © 2009, 2006 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.