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Erikson, Horney, Jung Stages of Psychosocial Devt with example
 

Erikson, Horney, Jung Stages of Psychosocial Devt with example

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Erikson, Horney and Jung Stages of Dev't Ppt

Erikson, Horney and Jung Stages of Dev't Ppt

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    Erikson, Horney, Jung Stages of Psychosocial Devt with example Erikson, Horney, Jung Stages of Psychosocial Devt with example Presentation Transcript

    • ERIK ERIKSON’S STAGES OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
    • 1. Trust vs. Mistrust (Infancy, 0-1.5 yrs. old) - The emphasis is on the mother's positive and loving care for the child, with a big emphasis on visual contact and touch - develop a healthy balance between trust and mistrust if fed and cared for. -Abuse or neglect or cruelty will destroy trust and foster mistrust. - we will learn to trust that life is basically okay and have basic confidence in the future.
    • - feeling of worthlessness and a mistrust of the world in general. - basic virtue: Hope
    • 2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (Early Childhood 1-3 yrs. old) -Autonomy = self-reliance (independence of thought, and confidence to think and act for oneself. - child begins to assert their independence (walking away from their mother, picking which toy to play with and choosing what they like to wear, to eat) - The child is developing physically and becoming more mobile. - Child needs to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills
    • - If child is not given the opportunity to assert themselves = feeling inadequate in their ability to survive (dependent upon others, lack self-esteem, and feeling of shame/doubt in their own abilities. -Success leads autonomy, failure = in feelings of shame and doubt. - basic virtue: Will
    • 3. Initiative vs Guilt (3-5 yrs. old) -Child interacts with other children at school. - Child begins to plan activities, make up games (take initiative in creating play situations) - through criticism or control, children develop a sense of guilt = may feel a nuisance to others and lacks of self- initiative. - preventing a child doing things for themselves because of time, mess or a bit of risk will inhibit the development of confidence to initiate, replacing it instead with an unhelpful fear of being wrong or unapproved.
    • 4. Industry (purposeful/competence) vs. Inferiority (School Age, 6-12 yrs. old) - Child is learning, creating and accomplishing numerous new skills and knowledge - child’s peer group will gain greater significance and becomes source of the child’s self esteem. - child feels the need to win approval by society, begin to develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments. - If children are encouraged and reinforced for their initiative, they begin to feel industrious and feel confident in their ability to achieve goals. - if it is restricted by parents or teacher, the child feels inferior (doubting his own abilities) and may not reach his/her potential.
    • 5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (Adolescence, 12-18 yrs. old) - adolescence is a stage at which we are neither a child nor an adult (role-confusion) -begin to look at the future in terms of career, relationships, families, housing, etc. - Young people struggle to belong and to be accepted and affirmed - can also develop strong devotion to friends and causes.
    • 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young Adulthood 18-40 yrs. old) -share ourselves more intimately with others. - explore relationships leading toward longer term commitments with someone other than a family member. - Successful completion of this stage can lead to comfortable relationships and a sense of commitment, safety, and care within a relationship. - Avoiding intimacy, fearing commitment and relationships can lead to isolation, loneliness, and sometimes depression.
    • 7. Generativity vs. Stagnation (Middle Adulthood, 36-65 yrs. old) - establish our careers, settle down within a relationship, begin our own families and develop a sense of being a part of the bigger picture. -raising our children, being productive at work, and becoming involved in community activities and organizations. - failing to achieve these objectives, we become stagnant and feel unproductive.
    • Case Study 1: Identity vs. Role Confusion Melissa. Mellissa's parent are both physicians. In college she majored in French, spending a semester in France studying art and culture. Upon graduation she surprised her parents by announcing that she had applied to medical school. A close relationship with a hospice nurse and a summer job as a hospital volunteer had helped her arrive at the decision.
    • 8. Ego Integrity vs. Despair (Late Adulthood, 65-death) -slow down our productivity, and explore life as a retired person - contemplate our accomplishments - Erik Erikson believed if we see our lives as unproductive, feel guilt about our pasts, or feel that we did not accomplish our life goals, we become dissatisfied with life and develop despair, often leading to depression and hopelessness.
    • Case Study 2: Intimacy vs. Isolation Lynn's mother is a professor of women's studies who is deeply involved in feminist issues. Lynn very much admires her mother, a strong woman who, as a single parent, struggled to provide for her daughter while establishing her own career. Lynn believes that she will be a strong and independent woman. She avoids people (esp. men) who either don't see her in that light or try to bring out her feminine nature. Lynn's college grades are very high, and her course selections reflect an interest in psychology, politics, and women's studies.
    • KAREN HORNEY’S THEORY
    • -psychic disturbance brought by fears and defenses -an individual having trouble with coping and handling certain psychosocial environmental stressors resulting in problems within their selves -Feelings and attitudes - driven by emotional forces
    • 1. The Neurotic Needs for Affection and Approval 2. The Neurotic Needs for a Partner Who Will Take Over One’s Life 3. make things more simpler by having no routine or rules, avoid confrontation that may add to their frustration. 4. needs to have control and power over others.
    • 5. has a need to be recognized socially, extremely concerned with appearance and popularity 6. has a need for others to admire their inner qualities. 7. need personal accomplishment, want to be leader of everyone, number one at everything. 8. need independence, refuse help from others. They rather have all the attention focused on them 9. needs perfection
    • 1. Moving Toward People. -Children move toward people in order to seek help and acceptance. - These people have an intense need to be liked, involved, important, and appreciated. 2. Moving Against People. -trying to force your power onto others in hopes of feeling good about yourself. - with this personality style come across as bossy, demanding, selfish, and even cruel. - 'get them before they get me.‘ mentality
    • 3. Moving Away From People -indifference to others. - don't get involved with others, they can't be hurt by them. - protects them from emotional pain of relationships = it also keeps away all positive aspects of relationships. - feeling alone and empty.
    • Myra is always diligent in cleaning her house and tidying its yard and garden. She takes pride in the appearance of the house. She loves other people’s compliments. She is neat and everything is well arranged in its place and she gets upset if things are not in their places. Once grass went flying into her garden from a neighbor’s while mowing as a result Myra did not talk to the neighbor for two years.
    • The family rarely spends money on anything except the necessities. Myra is always concerned about money; so she is keen on saving it by keeping almost everything beyond the usual life span. Once she got agitated when someone borrowed fifty cents for a soda and did not return it. She prefers to spend all her time and energy working on her house and yard.
    • She sometimes criticizes people to their faces. Her complaints are based on the idea of her superiority to them as being cleaner, better, quieter than them. She often complains about how other people do not know how to clean anymore and that her neighbors do not take care of their property as well as she does.
    • CARL JUNG’S 2 TYPES OF PERSONALITIES
    • (+) - concerned with and interested in one's own mental life - take pleasure in solitary activities - preference for a quiet, more minimally stimulating environment - choose a worthy companion (-) - common modern perception: who are reserved and less outspoken in groups -not identical to being shy - lack confidence in relation to people and things - tends to be unsociable, shy & hesitant
    • (+) - concerned with gratification from what is outside the self - enjoy human interactions - take pleasure in activities that involve large social gatherings - likely to enjoy time spent with people - energized when around other people (-) -dependence on making a good impression - easily making and breaking relationships - lacking self-criticism - prone to boredom by themselves
    • Jamie is a straight A student from a state college in USA. When interviewed he said that he excelled through the help from his friends. He gave tips to fellow students on how to excel like the way he did. He tells them that it is more effective to study in groups so that a lot of people can help you in studying and that there is collaboration and teamwork in excelling the fields we were studying. Obviously, Jamie is an extroverted person.
    • 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extraversion_and_introversion#Extraversion 2. http://personalitycafe.com/myers-briggs-forum/15162-extraverted- introverted-functions-concrete-examples.html 3. http://philosophy.lander.edu/ethics/jung.html 4. http://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html 5. http://www.businessballs.com/erik_erikson_psychosocial_theory.htm#freu d's_psychosexual_stages 6. http://www.support4change.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=ar ticle&id=47&Itemid=108 7. http://itdc.lbcc.edu/cps/engines/identity/identityStatuses.htm 8. http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/horney.htm 9. http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/horney.html 10. http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/neuroticneeds.htm 11. http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/horney.html 12. http://www.ahewar.org/eng/show.art.asp?aid=1633