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What’s new?Birthe, Javier, Bernard, Siwa, Phil,      Maarten, Petr, Fergus
Systems thinking resurgent across CG      or still a niche concept? – Systems CRPs that take systems work to sensible   en...
What does systems thinking add to     participatory approaches?• Farming systems got stuck in method  development (lots of...
What’s new?• Research in (rather than for) development   – Taking innovations to scale (space and time – livelihood system...
The challenge• Fine grained variation in:                                      Greater soil biological activity (earthworm...
The challenge• Fine grained variation in:  – soil (biota)  – climate (altitude)  – farming practices  – household characte...
The challenge• Fine grained variation in:  – soil (biota)  – climate (altitude)  – farming practices  – household characte...
The challenge• Fine grained variation in:  – soil (biota)  – climate (altitude)  – farming practices  – household characte...
The challenge• Fine grained variation in:  – soil (biota)  – climate (altitude)  – farming practices  – household characte...
The challenge• Fine grained variation in:  – soil (biota)  – climate (altitude)  – farming practices  – household characte...
The challenge• Fine grained variation in:  – soil (biota)  – climate (altitude)  – farming practices  – household characte...
Addressing the challenge– Understand variation of drivers of adoption (new tools and data available)– Try out sufficient r...
Capacity strengthening• Within CG and partners• Not enough to have methods that work but need them to be in  widespread us...
What systems CRPs need• Sample (work across) variability rather than  select few sites from which IPGs are  generalised• C...
Blue sky• Ten percent• Seek specific blue sky funding (Leverhulme,  Australia)• Hear more about failures• Learn across CRP...
• Extension method – message, audience,  context,
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Workshop Trade-off Analysis - CGIAR_20 Feb 2013_Group Discussion_What's new

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  • John Corvett – mobile phones georeference where people are
  • http://www.economist.com/node/13944900
  • Transcript of "Workshop Trade-off Analysis - CGIAR_20 Feb 2013_Group Discussion_What's new"

    1. 1. What’s new?Birthe, Javier, Bernard, Siwa, Phil, Maarten, Petr, Fergus
    2. 2. Systems thinking resurgent across CG or still a niche concept? – Systems CRPs that take systems work to sensible end points – Getting beyond description – Getting beyond the farm, to livelihoods, landscapes (ecosystem services) and value chains – Maybe restricted within commodity centres (take straw into account as well as grain) – Change the way researchers behave
    3. 3. What does systems thinking add to participatory approaches?• Farming systems got stuck in method development (lots of characterisation but not much ‘action’ – although some examplars e.g. CIMMYT East Africa Economics Programme – Adaptive Research Planning in Zambia – Tiwari et al., increased maize yields in Nepal• Overtaken by participatory ‘action’ research and innovation systems that concentrate more on the participation than the systems thinking• Is a systems resurgence required in the CG with new focus, tools and remit?
    4. 4. What’s new?• Research in (rather than for) development – Taking innovations to scale (space and time – livelihood systems are dynamic in a development trajectory – Hans Binsanger) – Embracing broader range of ecosystem services (scales; trade-offs) – Getting beyond silver bullets - what works where and for whom – Embracing fine scale variation in drivers of adoption (of technologies and approaches) at nested set of scales: • Soil • Climate • Farming practice • Livelihood systems • Social capital • Markets • Policy
    5. 5. The challenge• Fine grained variation in: Greater soil biological activity (earthworms) near trees but effect – soil (biota) greater for some tree species than others – climate (altitude) Pruned trees Free growing trees – farming practices Earthworm cast weight Sample with no earthworm casts – household characteristics 1.2 Cross-semivariogram 1.0 – market opportunities Semivariance 0.8 0.6 0.4 – social capital 0.2 0.0 0 5 10 15 Separation distance (m) Pauli et al 2010 Pedobiologia – policy and its implementation
    6. 6. The challenge• Fine grained variation in: – soil (biota) – climate (altitude) – farming practices – household characteristics – market opportunities – social capital – policy and its implementation
    7. 7. The challenge• Fine grained variation in: – soil (biota) – climate (altitude) – farming practices – household characteristics – market opportunities – social capital – policy and its implementation
    8. 8. The challenge• Fine grained variation in: – soil (biota) – climate (altitude) – farming practices – household characteristics – market opportunities – social capital – policy and its implementation
    9. 9. The challenge• Fine grained variation in: – soil (biota) – climate (altitude) – farming practices – household characteristics – market opportunities – social capital – policy and its implementation
    10. 10. The challenge• Fine grained variation in: – soil (biota) – climate (altitude) – farming practices – household characteristics – market opportunities – social capital – policy and its implementation
    11. 11. The challenge• Fine grained variation in: – soil (biota) – climate (altitude) – farming practices – household characteristics – market opportunities – social capital – policy and its implementation
    12. 12. Addressing the challenge– Understand variation of drivers of adoption (new tools and data available)– Try out sufficient range of options across a sufficient range of variation in drivers (modelling required to set up rigorous systematic and experimental testing),– Measure performance objectively and through farmer feedback / adaptation,– Model, generalise and interpret results across scaling domains– Embrace and address uncertainty – refine ability to predict suitability of innovations in co-learning paradigm – progressively reduce risk of innovation– Tools to connect research, extension and farmers as one system – e.g. underpin innovation platforms (but with powerful tools that bring evidence to bear on decisions) - need practical tools (and capacity strengthening) to match options to sites and circumstances– Emerging tools: • Mobile phones (georeference where people are) John Corvett • Net mapping – of power within value chains • Agent based modelling and role playing games
    13. 13. Capacity strengthening• Within CG and partners• Not enough to have methods that work but need them to be in widespread use• CG not resourced to do this – still a research organisation• Implications of research in development is a different resourcing model and different sets of skills and partnerships• Skill sets required (which within CG which with partners?): – Data managers – Social facilitation (sociable, social scientists) - connectors – Political ecology - interdisciplinary• Need to be part of the innovation process to learn about it and influence
    14. 14. What systems CRPs need• Sample (work across) variability rather than select few sites from which IPGs are generalised• Collate new charaterisation data for broad ‘target areas’– pinpoint gaps – and then fill them• Partnership (co-learning) with upstream centres of expertise rather than simply subcontracting
    15. 15. Blue sky• Ten percent• Seek specific blue sky funding (Leverhulme, Australia)• Hear more about failures• Learn across CRPs – periodic meetings to share experience
    16. 16. • Extension method – message, audience, context,
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