Separatists didn’t want a fancy church with alters, candles and pipe organs
Wanted good men, not rich men, to lead their church
Believed the church could not be changed
Covenant – an agreement to form their own church
Grant from the king to help settle and manage the English colony in America
Those Aboard the Mayflower
Ship carried Separatists and Strangers
All of the passengers on the Speedwell had to load onto the Mayflower after the speedwell developed several leaks.
Hired Miles Standish – a professional soldier and John Alden – a cooper (barrel maker)
102 passengers including 34 children
30 crew members
Size of a basketball court
Wet and miserable
During a storm a beam cracked and caused leaking
Two people died on the voyage
One child was born
Only child born aboard the Mayflower
Mother was one of only four women to survive the first winter
Oceanus only lived to be about 3 years old
Passengers were seasick
Sailors called them “glib glabbity puke stockings”
One particularly nasty soldier told them he couldn’t wait for them to die so he could watch their bodies be thrown overboard. He died and his body was thrown overboard.
Helped establish democracy in North America
The Mayflower Haven
The Mayflower was supposed to return home after dropping off Pilgrims.
Captain Christopher Jones decided to stay for the 1 st winter.
Pilgrims may not have had shelter were it not for him.
Returned to England was never again used to carry passengers
2 nd permanent settlement
102 settlers had intended to settle further south
John Carver was the 1 st Governor
Led 16 pilgrims ashore to look around
Had no fruit or vegetables
Only 7 pilgrims were healthy enough to care for the sick
1 building burned and many supplies were lost
Half of the group died of illness, starvation, and cold
Many survivors were under 16
Squanto, Massasoit, and others taught the Europeans how to fish and fertilize
Thanksgiving was a 3 day celebration
Pilgrim Timeline 1606 1609 1620 1621 1627 1691 Pilgrims cross the Atlantic and establish Plymouth First Thanks- giving Fortune brings more settlers Plymouth becomes part of Royal Colony of Mass. Pilgrims begin meeting in Scrooby Pilgrims move to Leiden in Holland Population grows to 150