George Washington
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George Washington

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George Washington George Washington Presentation Transcript

  • George Washington The Father of Our Country
  •  
  • Why did 2 nd Continental Congress Choose George Washington to Lead the Army?
    • Surveyor – knew the terrain around Virginia
    • Command experience during French and Indian War
    • Experience, military bearing, enormous charisma, leadership of the Patriot cause of Virginia
    • Country’s 1 st Spymaster
    • Washington was a master of intelligence, counterintelligence, and military deception.
    • "Washington did not really outfight the British, he simply outspied us!" Beckwith
  •  
  • Family Life
    • Married the widow Martha Dandridge Custis
    • Loved to play cricket
    • As a child had smallpox and tuberculosis unable to have children
    • Raised her two children
      • John Parke Custis
      • Martha Parke Custis
  •  
  • Grandchildren
    • John Parke Custis was Washington’s aide at Yorktown.
    • Contracted camp fever and died
    • Washington and Martha raised his children:
      • Eleanor Parke Custis
      • George Washington Parke Custis
  •  
  • Expectations
    • George Washington expected to fail as leader in the Revolutionary War.
    • He said, “From the day I enter upon the command of the American armies, I date my fall, and the ruin of my reputation.”
  • Military Service
    • British Newspapers negatively reported on colonists, but praised Washington’s character.
    • He was very attentive to his troops needs
    • Valley Forge – encamped for 6 month 2,500 out of 10,000 died from disease and exposure
  • Valley Forge
    • On December 19, 1777, Washington's poorly fed, ill-equipped army, weary from long marches, struggled into Valley Forge
    • Snow was six inches deep.
    • 1,000 huts provided shelter
    • Soldiers received irregular supplies of meat and bread, some getting their only nourishment from "firecake," a tasteless mixture of flour and water.
    • Hundreds of horses either starved to death or died of exhaustion.
    • Long marches had destroyed shoes. Blankets were scarce. Tattered garments were seldom replaced.
    • Disease was rampant - undernourished and poorly clothed, living in crowded, damp quarters,
      • Typhus, typhoid, dysentery, and pneumonia were among the killers that felled as many as 2,000 men that winter.
  •  
  • Siege of Yorktown
    • Decisive victory
    • Combined assault of French and American forces
    • Cornwallis surrendered British
    • Prompted the negotiation of the end of the war
  • Cornwallis's Embarrassment
    • Cornwallis refused to attend the surrender ceremony
    • Said he was ill
    • George Washington would not accept the surrender of the 2 nd in command
    • Called his second in command in from the field so that Britain’s 2 nd in command could surrender to him.
  • Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown
  • Was he a good leader?
    • Only won 3 out of 9 battles
  • Presidency
    • Elected unanimously by the electoral college only person ever to do so
    • Refused a third term
  • Memorials
    • On the $1.00
    • On the quarter
    • Mt. Rushmore
    • Washington Monument
    • National Memorial
  • Eulogy
    • First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen, he was second to none in humble and enduring scenes of private life. Pious, just, humane, temperate, and sincere; uniform, dignified, and commanding…such was the man for whom our country mourns.
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