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Age Of Discovery
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Age Of Discovery


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  • 1. Age of Discovery
  • 2. What was the Age of Discovery?
    • It was also known as the Age of Exploration
    • 15 th – 17 th century
    • European ships traveled the world searching for new trade routes and trading goods (gold, silver, spices)
  • 3. Why was it important?
    • Encountered unknown people
    • Mapped unknown lands
  • 4. Ships
    • Carrack (Santa Maria)
    • Caravel - small, light ships with triangular sails good for exploring, sail into the wind
    • Lanteen sail -More maneuverable
    • Sails hanging straight down helped the ship move quickly
    • Sail at the back of the ship hung at an angle helping the ship sail against the wind
  • 5. Carvel
  • 6. Carrack
  • 7. Prince Henry
    • Known as the Navigator
    • Brought shipbuilders, mapmakers, and sea captains to Portugal
    • Never went on voyages
  • 8. Prince Henry
  • 9. Technology
    • Compass
      • 32 point replaced 21 point
    • Astrolabe
      • Tool that measures the height of the sun or a star above the horizon sailors could tell how far north or south they were
  • 10.  
  • 11. Columbian Exchange
    • From Europe to America
      • Cattle
      • Pigs
      • Sheep
      • Horses
      • Bananas
      • Coffee beans
    • From America to Europe
      • Corn
      • Tomato
      • Potato
      • Squash
      • Peanuts
      • Cacao
      • peppers
  • 12. Spanish – Ponce de Leon
    • Ponce de León founded the first settlement in Puerto Rico.
    • Quickly gained control of the island
    • Named Governor of Puerto Rico
    • Forced the natives to work in the mines and to construct fortifications
    • Natives died in great numbers after exposure to the European diseases the sailors brought with them, to which they had no immunity.
    • Married a Spanish woman named Leonore and had two daughters and one son.
  • 13. Spanish – De Soto
    • De Soto led the largest expedition of both the 15th century and the 16th century through the Southeastern United States and the Midwestern United States
    • Searching for gold and a passage to China to spend Spain's New World riches.
    • Died on the banks of the Mississippi River at present-day Lake Village, Arkansas.
  • 14. Spanish –De Coronado
    • De Coronado came all the way into Kansas not far from Wichita
    • There is a large hill near Lindsborg that is called Coronado Heights. The former owner of the land built a small castle at the lofty summit to commemorate him.
  • 15. John Cabot - Italian
    • Giovanni Caboto known in English as John Cabot , and in French as Jean Cabot ,
    • Was a Genoese navigator and explorer commonly credited as one of the first early modern Europeans to land on the North American mainland
  • 16. Christopher Columbus - Italian
    • Christopher Columbus was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas
  • 17. Henry Hudson - Dutch
    • Was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century
  • 18. Verrazano - French
    • An Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown.
    • He is renowned as the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South Carolina and Newfoundland
  • 19. Cartier - French
    • Was a French navigator who first explored and described the Gulf of St-Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named Canada
  • 20. De Champlain - French
    • T he "father of New France,“
    • A sailor
    • A respected navigator
    • A mapmaker
    • Founder of Quebec City
    • Was also integral in opening North America up to French trade, especially the fur trade.
    • His influence is still felt in the presence of French Canadians in Quebec, where he did most of his exploring.
    • Champlain's pattern was to spend several months or years exploring North America and then to head back to France to raise more funds for further explorations.