Age Of Discovery
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Age Of Discovery

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    Age Of Discovery Age Of Discovery Presentation Transcript

    • Age of Discovery
    • What was the Age of Discovery?
      • It was also known as the Age of Exploration
      • 15 th – 17 th century
      • European ships traveled the world searching for new trade routes and trading goods (gold, silver, spices)
    • Why was it important?
      • Encountered unknown people
      • Mapped unknown lands
    • Ships
      • Carrack (Santa Maria)
      • Caravel - small, light ships with triangular sails good for exploring, sail into the wind
      • Lanteen sail -More maneuverable
      • Sails hanging straight down helped the ship move quickly
      • Sail at the back of the ship hung at an angle helping the ship sail against the wind
    • Carvel
    • Carrack
    • Prince Henry
      • Known as the Navigator
      • Brought shipbuilders, mapmakers, and sea captains to Portugal
      • Never went on voyages
    • Prince Henry
    • Technology
      • Compass
        • 32 point replaced 21 point
      • Astrolabe
        • Tool that measures the height of the sun or a star above the horizon sailors could tell how far north or south they were
    •  
    • Columbian Exchange
      • From Europe to America
        • Cattle
        • Pigs
        • Sheep
        • Horses
        • Bananas
        • Coffee beans
      • From America to Europe
        • Corn
        • Tomato
        • Potato
        • Squash
        • Peanuts
        • Cacao
        • peppers
    • Spanish – Ponce de Leon
      • Ponce de León founded the first settlement in Puerto Rico.
      • Quickly gained control of the island
      • Named Governor of Puerto Rico
      • Forced the natives to work in the mines and to construct fortifications
      • Natives died in great numbers after exposure to the European diseases the sailors brought with them, to which they had no immunity.
      • Married a Spanish woman named Leonore and had two daughters and one son.
    • Spanish – De Soto
      • De Soto led the largest expedition of both the 15th century and the 16th century through the Southeastern United States and the Midwestern United States
      • Searching for gold and a passage to China to spend Spain's New World riches.
      • Died on the banks of the Mississippi River at present-day Lake Village, Arkansas.
    • Spanish –De Coronado
      • De Coronado came all the way into Kansas not far from Wichita
      • There is a large hill near Lindsborg that is called Coronado Heights. The former owner of the land built a small castle at the lofty summit to commemorate him.
    • John Cabot - Italian
      • Giovanni Caboto known in English as John Cabot , and in French as Jean Cabot ,
      • Was a Genoese navigator and explorer commonly credited as one of the first early modern Europeans to land on the North American mainland
    • Christopher Columbus - Italian
      • Christopher Columbus was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas
    • Henry Hudson - Dutch
      • Was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century
    • Verrazano - French
      • An Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown.
      • He is renowned as the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South Carolina and Newfoundland
    • Cartier - French
      • Was a French navigator who first explored and described the Gulf of St-Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named Canada
    • De Champlain - French
      • T he "father of New France,“
      • A sailor
      • A respected navigator
      • A mapmaker
      • Founder of Quebec City
      • Was also integral in opening North America up to French trade, especially the fur trade.
      • His influence is still felt in the presence of French Canadians in Quebec, where he did most of his exploring.
      • Champlain's pattern was to spend several months or years exploring North America and then to head back to France to raise more funds for further explorations.