Madagascar “A Look Into the Life and Culture” Presented by: Lorraine Bennett, Latrisha Armstrong, Zach Musgrove, & Fabian Benabente http://static2.bigstockphoto.com/thumbs/6/7/8/large2/8765422.jpg
Order of Presentation
Geography, Terrain, and Population (Zach Musgrove)
History (Lorraine Bennett)
Business (Fabian Benabente)
Gender Roles, and Non-Verbal Use of Clothing (Group Collaboration)
Verbal and Non-Verbal Rituals (Latrisha Armstrong)
Zach Musgrove What is Madagascar? This presentation is intended to inform you about various aspects of Madagascar, from business to culture. This is in an effort to better help you get a better understanding of this country and better prepare you for future and possible communications with a Madagascar national. Quick Facts
Island in the Indian Ocean off of the eastern coast of South Africa
Zach Musgrove Resources and Hazards Natural Resources Graphite Fish Coal Salt Mica http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-6376443-commercial-fishing-boat.php Environmental Hazards Cyclones Drought Locust Infestation Volcanism http://www.universe-beauty.com/Space-photos/Earth-from-space/cyclone-typhon-odessa-2007p.html
Lorraine Bennett Madagascar in the Making http://www.onlineusanews.com/madagascar-africa-16054.php 160 Million Years ago a portion of Africa breaks off and Madagascar is born…
Lorraine Bennett Timeline From Desolate Island to Presidential Controversy
Around 2000 years ago-Indonesians and people of mixed Indonesian/ African descent settle
1500’s – Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English attempt trading settlements but the fail due to the hostile conditions
1810-1828 – The first Merina King, Radama I, opens the country to English missionaries (introduced Christianity) whom translate Malagasy to a written language
1894 – France invades Madagascar
June 26th, 1960 – Madagascar gains its independence
1991 – Madagascar experiences its first economic collapse under the rule of Ratsiraka
2001 – Marc Ravalomanana is elected president and Ratsiraka flees in exile to France
Fabian Benabente Business and Politics http://www.vanillaman.co.za/index.php?q=about_vanilla www.orchidsasia.com/vanillaworld.htm
Fabian Benabente Exports/ Imports Madagascar’s primary exports are agriculture products including: coffee, vanilla, sugar, cotton. They also produce minerals and gems Total Exports $1.04 Billion Rank 148 in the World Total Imports $1.83 Billion Rank 153 in the World Export Destinations France 39% United States 20% Germany 5% *Remainder to Various http://www.onlineworldtraveler.com/countries/Madagascar/index.php http://smallbusiness.dnb.com/company-activities-management/company-structures/10357425-1.html http://www.wildmadagascar.org/kids/06-economy.html
Fabian Benabente Country Outlook
The country of Madagascar has been in an economic downturn as of recently. It is estimated that over 50% of the population lives under the poverty line and over 50% of the nations income comes from donors. Madagascar is the DARK GREEN BAR BELOW.
Gender Roles Many laws have been passed to allow women to earn the same pay as men, however, tradition seems to trump laws in Madagascar. Women are still expected to maintain family and household, while men are the head of the household and also the monetary providers Men are given greater consideration in social and religious roles
Lorraine Bennett Verbal and Non-Verbal Use of Clothing www.embassymadagascaruk.com
The clothing of the people of Madagascar is reflective of the region that their tribe is from. The clothing itself is made from all natural sources. The vibrant colors are extracted from berries, minerals, and various natural resources.
The “lamba” is a traditional ceremonial gift and a sign of the highest respect.
The “lamba” is also given to rulers, spirits, and ancestors in order to receive blessings.
Clothing is given as a gift as a sign of respect. Men offer clothes to brides during the marriage ceremony and the groom and bride are wrapped in a single cloth to represent their union.
Lorraine Bennett www.mapsofworld.com Everyday clothing is influenced by the western outlets that are in the towns. Much of the non traditional clothing is influenced by the previous French and British colonization.
Latrisha Armstrong Religion and Beliefs The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice. The Government at all levels strives to protect this right in full; it does not tolerate its abuse by governmental or private sectors. There is no state religion.
Latrisha Armstrong Indigenous Beliefs 52% A firm belief in the existence of close ties between the living and the dead constitutes the most basic of all traditional beliefs and the foundation for Malagasy religious and social values. All the Malagasy peoples have traditionally accepted the existence of a supreme God, known commonly as Zahahary (Creator) or Andriamanitra (Sweet or Fragrant, Lord). The dead have been conceived as playing the role of intermediary between this supreme God and humankind and are viewed as having the power to affect the fortunes of the living for good and evil. The dead are sometimes described as “gods on earth”, who are considered the most important and authoritative members of the family, intimately involved in the daily life of the living members. At the same time, the razana (ancestors) are the sources from which the life force flows and the creators of Malagasy customs and ways of life.
Latrisha Armstrong Tombs of the Deceased The burial tomb, a prominent part of the island landscape in all regions, is the primary link between the living and the dead among the Malagasy. It is built with great care and expense, reflecting the privileged position of the dead, and is often more costly and substantial than the house of the living.
Latrisha Armstrong Christian 42% The religion derived from Jesus Christ, based on the Bible as sacred scripture. It has been professed by Eastern, Roman Catholic, and Protestant bodies. Islam 6% The religious faith of Muslims include belief in Allah as the sole deity and in Muhammad as his prophet.
Latrisha Armstrong Primary African Culture Values
Sense of community life
Sense of good human relations
Sense of the sacredness of life
Sense of hospitality
Sense of the sacred and of religion
Sense of time
Sense of respect for authority and the elders
Sense of language and proverbs
What continent did Madagascar break off from?
How do men and women roles differ?
Why is Madagascar unique? Hint: Animals
What is Madagascar’s major type of export?
What religion is prominent to the people of Madagascar?