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  1. 1. Madagascar<br />“A Look Into the Life and Culture”<br />Presented by: Lorraine Bennett, Latrisha Armstrong, Zach Musgrove, & Fabian Benabente<br /><br />
  2. 2. Order of Presentation<br /><ul><li>Geography, Terrain, and Population (Zach Musgrove)
  3. 3. History (Lorraine Bennett)
  4. 4. Business (Fabian Benabente)
  5. 5. Gender Roles, and Non-Verbal Use of Clothing (Group Collaboration)
  6. 6. Verbal and Non-Verbal Rituals (Latrisha Armstrong) </li></li></ul><li>Zach Musgrove<br />What is Madagascar?<br />This presentation is intended to inform you about various aspects of Madagascar, from business to culture. This is in an effort to better help you get a better understanding of this country and better prepare you for future and possible communications with a Madagascar national.<br />Quick Facts<br /><ul><li>Island in the Indian Ocean off of the eastern coast of South Africa
  7. 7. Home to 21,926,221 people
  8. 8. Ranked 53rd in the world for population
  9. 9. Spans across 587,041 sq km
  10. 10. World’s fourth largest island
  11. 11. Slightly less than twice the size of Arizona
  12. 12. Ranks 46th in the world for total land mass</li></ul><br />
  13. 13. Zach Musgrove<br />Geography<br /><ul><li>Terrain consists of coastal planes and inland coastal planes
  14. 14. Centralized Capital - Antanarivo
  15. 15. Climate is tropical along coast, temperate inland, and arid in the south
  16. 16. 90% of plants and animals found in Madagascar evolved there
  17. 17. Area encompasses 587,040 sq. km</li></ul><br />
  18. 18. Zach Musgrove<br />Resources and Hazards<br />Natural Resources<br />Graphite<br />Fish<br />Coal <br />Salt<br />Mica<br /><br />Environmental Hazards<br />Cyclones<br />Drought<br />Locust Infestation<br />Volcanism<br /><br />
  19. 19. Lorraine Bennett<br />Madagascar in the Making<br /><br />160 Million Years ago a portion of Africa breaks off and Madagascar is born…<br />
  20. 20. Lorraine Bennett<br />Timeline<br />From Desolate Island to Presidential Controversy<br /><ul><li>Around 2000 years ago-Indonesians and people of mixed Indonesian/ African descent settle
  21. 21. 1500’s – Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English attempt trading settlements but the fail due to the hostile conditions
  22. 22. 1810-1828 – The first Merina King, Radama I, opens the country to English missionaries (introduced Christianity) whom translate Malagasy to a written language
  23. 23. 1894 – France invades Madagascar
  24. 24. June 26th, 1960 – Madagascar gains its independence
  25. 25. 1991 – Madagascar experiences its first economic collapse under the rule of Ratsiraka
  26. 26. 2001 – Marc Ravalomanana is elected president and Ratsiraka flees in exile to France</li></li></ul><li>Fabian Benabente<br />Business and Politics<br /><br /> <br />
  27. 27. Fabian Benabente<br />Exports/ Imports<br />Madagascar’s primary exports are agriculture products including: coffee, vanilla, sugar, cotton. They also produce minerals and gems<br />Total Exports<br />$1.04 Billion<br />Rank 148 in the World<br />Total Imports<br />$1.83 Billion<br />Rank 153 in the World<br />Export Destinations<br />France 39%<br />United States 20%<br />Germany 5%<br />*Remainder to Various<br /><br /><br /><br />
  28. 28. Fabian Benabente<br />Country Outlook<br /><ul><li>The country of Madagascar has been in an economic downturn as of recently. It is estimated that over 50% of the population lives under the poverty line and over 50% of the nations income comes from donors. Madagascar is the DARK GREEN BAR BELOW.</li></ul><br />
  29. 29. Gender Roles<br />Many laws have been passed to allow women to earn the same pay as men, however, tradition seems to trump laws in Madagascar. Women are still expected to maintain family and household, while men are the head of the household and also the monetary providers<br />Men are given greater consideration in social and religious roles<br />
  30. 30. Lorraine Bennett<br />Verbal and Non-Verbal Use of Clothing<br /><br />
  31. 31. Lorraine Bennett<br /><ul><li>The clothing of the people of Madagascar is reflective of the region that their tribe is from. The clothing itself is made from all natural sources. The vibrant colors are extracted from berries, minerals, and various natural resources.
  32. 32. The “lamba” is a traditional ceremonial gift and a sign of the highest respect.</li></ul> “Lamba”<br /><ul><li>The “lamba” is also given to rulers, spirits, and ancestors in order to receive blessings.
  33. 33. Clothing is given as a gift as a sign of respect. Men offer clothes to brides during the marriage ceremony and the groom and bride are wrapped in a single cloth to represent their union.</li></ul><br />
  34. 34. Lorraine Bennett<br /><br />Everyday clothing is influenced by the western outlets that are in the towns. Much of the non traditional clothing is influenced by the previous French and British colonization.<br />
  35. 35. Latrisha Armstrong<br />Religion and Beliefs<br />The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice. The Government at all levels strives to protect this right in full; it does not tolerate its abuse by governmental or private sectors. There is no state religion.<br />
  36. 36. Latrisha Armstrong<br />Indigenous Beliefs 52%<br />A firm belief in the existence of close ties between the living and the dead constitutes the most basic of all traditional beliefs and the foundation for Malagasy religious and social values. All the Malagasy peoples have traditionally accepted the existence of a supreme God, known commonly as Zahahary (Creator) or Andriamanitra (Sweet or Fragrant, Lord). The dead have been conceived as playing the role of intermediary between this supreme God and humankind and are viewed as having the power to affect the fortunes of the living for good and evil. The dead are sometimes described as “gods on earth”, who are considered the most important and authoritative members of the family, intimately involved in the daily life of the living members. At the same time, the razana (ancestors) are the sources from which the life force flows and the creators of Malagasy customs and ways of life.<br />
  37. 37. Latrisha Armstrong <br />Tombs of the Deceased<br />The burial tomb, a prominent part of the island landscape in all regions, is the primary link between the living and the dead among the Malagasy. It is built with great care and expense, reflecting the privileged position of the dead, and is often more costly and substantial than the house of the living.<br />
  38. 38. Latrisha Armstrong<br />Christian 42%<br />The religion derived from Jesus Christ, based on the Bible as sacred scripture. It has been professed by Eastern, Roman Catholic, and Protestant bodies.<br />Islam 6%<br />The religious faith of Muslims include belief in Allah as the sole deity and in Muhammad as his prophet.<br />
  39. 39. Latrisha Armstrong<br />Primary African Culture Values<br /><ul><li>Sense of community life
  40. 40. Sense of good human relations
  41. 41. Sense of the sacredness of life
  42. 42. Sense of hospitality
  43. 43. Sense of the sacred and of religion
  44. 44. Sense of time
  45. 45. Sense of respect for authority and the elders
  46. 46. Sense of language and proverbs</li></li></ul><li>5 Questions<br /><ul><li>What continent did Madagascar break off from?
  47. 47. How do men and women roles differ?
  48. 48. Why is Madagascar unique? Hint: Animals
  49. 49. What is Madagascar’s major type of export?
  50. 50. What religion is prominent to the people of Madagascar?</li></li></ul><li>References<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />