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A Life of Duty and Service
Post-war political and social activism of
Napoleonic era naval officers
By
Lorna M. Campbell
an...
Introduction
HMS Indefatigable Joining the Western Squadron by J.T. Serres, 1800, www.christies.com.
Sir Henry Hart
(1781 ...
Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and
the expansion of the press
Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and
the expansion of the press
Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
and the expansion of the press
Sailors on a Cruise, George Cruikshank, 1825, © Royal Mus...
Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
and the expansion of the press
Commanders Engaged at Sea, Thomas Rowlandson, 1802, © Bri...
Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
and the expansion of the press
John Bull offering Little Boney fair play, James Gillray,...
Changing Status of Naval Officers
Things as they were, 1783. Things as they are 1823, F.W. Ommanney, © Royal Museums Green...
Postwar campaigns: Bombardment of
Algiers
The Bombardment of Algiers, George Chambers, 1836, © Royal Museums Greenwich.
Naval officers as political figures
Houses of Parliament Westminster, Thomas Rowlandson, 1808, public domain image.
Captain Sir Edward Pellew
Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, by James Northcote, © National Portrait Gallery.
Research methods
HMS Indefatigable Muster, 1797, © National Archives.
Research methods
Sir Henry Hart
• Born Wilmington, Sussex, 1781.
• Joined the Royal Navy as a
Volunteer in 1796.
• Rose to the rank of Rear...
The Droits de L’Homme Engagement
Destruction of the Droits de L’Homme by Ebenezer Colls, © National Maritime Museum.
Sir Henry Hart: Diplomatic Service
Muskat Harbour from the Fisher-mens Rock, by Lt R. Temple, 1813 , © Royal Museums
Green...
Sir Henry Hart: Greenwich Hospital
Greenwich Hospital, English School, c. 1830 - 1840, © Royal Museums Greenwich.
Sir Henry Hart: Naval Charities
Marine Society Trading Card, 1818, © British Museum.
Sir Henry Hart: Irish Election Petitions
Maynooth College in 1850, in A. C. Ewald The Life and Times of William Ewart Glad...
Sir Henry Hart: Anti-Slavery Prosecution
Am I Not a Man and a Brother, public domain image.
Abolition of the Slave Trade i...
Sir Henry Hart: Fund for Promoting
Female Emigration
The Needlewoman at Home and Abroad, unattributed, Punch, 1850, © The ...
Sir Henry Hart: London Females
Mission
Yard of Probationary House of the London Female Mission, © NMRC, English Heritage
Sir Henry Hart: Technical Inventions
The Repertory of Patent Inventions, Vol XIII, January – June 1849. London.
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan
• Born Westminster, 1783.
• Joined the Royal Navy as a Boy,
First Class in 1795.
• Rose to the th...
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Political
Activities
Admiral Cadogan by Camille Silvy, © National Portrait Gallery.
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan:
Protectionist Party
The Fallen Minister (after Delaroche), 1846, © The British Museum.
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Naval
Charities
Shipwrecked Fishermen & Mariners Royal Benevolent Society Medal, 1858, © Grosven...
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Cultural
Activities
The Antiquarian Society by George Cruikshank, 1812, © The British Museum.
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Walter
Scott and Abbotsford Subscription
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan by Sir Francis Grant, © Hagger...
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Walter
Scott and Abbotsford Subscription
Abbotsford from Morris’ Country Seats, public domain im...
George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Nelson
Memorial Committee
Nelson’s Column under construction by W.H.F. Talbot, © National Media ...
George, Third Earl Cadogan: “the
Beau Ideal of a son of the sea”
La Sylphide, Literature, Beaux-Arts, Modes, II Serie, Tom...
George, Third Earl Cadogan: “the
Beau Ideal of a son of the sea”
Margaret, Countess of Blessington, by Sir Thomas Lawrence...
Thomas Groube
• Born Falmouth, 1774.
• Joined the Royal Navy in 1794.
• Governor of Naval Hospital,
Madras
• Rose to the r...
Thomas Groube: Civilian Activities
Woolmer’s Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, Saturday September 23, 1848.
Thomas Groube: Income Tax Protests
The Penny Satirist, Saturday April 9, 1842, © The British Museum.
“Robert Peel as an or...
Thomas Groube: Income Tax Protests
The Western Times
“A memorial to the queen numerously and
most respectably signed is th...
Thomas Groube: Income Tax Protests
Plymouth and Exeter Gazette
“At twelve o’clock the hour fixed for the meeting,
the Whig...
Thomas Groube: Anti-Corn Law Bazaar
The Anti-Corn-Law Bazaar, Theatre Royal Manchester, 1842, © West Sussex County Council.
Thomas Groube: Shore Scandal
Henry Philpotts, Bishop of Exeter, by John Prescott Knight, © Magdalen College, Oxford.
Conclusion: A life of duty and service
Midshipman, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
Conclusion: A life of duty and service
Lieutenant, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
Conclusion: A life of duty and service
Captain, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
Conclusion: A life of duty and service
Admiral, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
Further Information
• Indefatigable1797.wordpress.com
– http://indefatigable1797.wordpress.com
• Heather Noel-Smith
– Heat...
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A Life of Duty and Service

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A Life of Duty and Service: Post-war political and social activism of Napoleonic era naval officers by Lorna M. Campbell and Heather Noel-Smith

Port Towns and Urban Cultures Conference, Portsmouth July 2013

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  • HMS Indefatigable was probably Pellew’s most successful individual command. She was launched as a 64 gun ship in 1784 but she was not commissioned by the Royal Navy until 1794 when she was razeed to become a 44 gun heavy frigate. Pellew had considerable success with the Indefatigable as did her subsequent captains, all of whom captured numerous prizes.
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  • Transcript of "A Life of Duty and Service"

    1. 1. A Life of Duty and Service Post-war political and social activism of Napoleonic era naval officers By Lorna M. Campbell and Heather Noel-Smith Port Towns and Urban Cultures Conference, Portsmouth, 25th - 27th July 2013
    2. 2. Introduction HMS Indefatigable Joining the Western Squadron by J.T. Serres, 1800, www.christies.com. Sir Henry Hart (1781 – 1756) George, 3rd Earl Cadogan (1783 – 1864) Thomas Groube (1774 – 1850)
    3. 3. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and the expansion of the press
    4. 4. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and the expansion of the press
    5. 5. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and the expansion of the press Sailors on a Cruise, George Cruikshank, 1825, © Royal Museums Greenwich
    6. 6. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and the expansion of the press Commanders Engaged at Sea, Thomas Rowlandson, 1802, © British Museum
    7. 7. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and the expansion of the press John Bull offering Little Boney fair play, James Gillray, 1803, © British Museum
    8. 8. Changing Status of Naval Officers Things as they were, 1783. Things as they are 1823, F.W. Ommanney, © Royal Museums Greenwich.
    9. 9. Postwar campaigns: Bombardment of Algiers The Bombardment of Algiers, George Chambers, 1836, © Royal Museums Greenwich.
    10. 10. Naval officers as political figures Houses of Parliament Westminster, Thomas Rowlandson, 1808, public domain image.
    11. 11. Captain Sir Edward Pellew Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, by James Northcote, © National Portrait Gallery.
    12. 12. Research methods HMS Indefatigable Muster, 1797, © National Archives.
    13. 13. Research methods
    14. 14. Sir Henry Hart • Born Wilmington, Sussex, 1781. • Joined the Royal Navy as a Volunteer in 1796. • Rose to the rank of Rear Admiral in retirement.
    15. 15. The Droits de L’Homme Engagement Destruction of the Droits de L’Homme by Ebenezer Colls, © National Maritime Museum.
    16. 16. Sir Henry Hart: Diplomatic Service Muskat Harbour from the Fisher-mens Rock, by Lt R. Temple, 1813 , © Royal Museums Greenwich.
    17. 17. Sir Henry Hart: Greenwich Hospital Greenwich Hospital, English School, c. 1830 - 1840, © Royal Museums Greenwich.
    18. 18. Sir Henry Hart: Naval Charities Marine Society Trading Card, 1818, © British Museum.
    19. 19. Sir Henry Hart: Irish Election Petitions Maynooth College in 1850, in A. C. Ewald The Life and Times of William Ewart Gladstone.
    20. 20. Sir Henry Hart: Anti-Slavery Prosecution Am I Not a Man and a Brother, public domain image. Abolition of the Slave Trade in The Gentleman’s Magazine, July to December 1819.
    21. 21. Sir Henry Hart: Fund for Promoting Female Emigration The Needlewoman at Home and Abroad, unattributed, Punch, 1850, © The Illustrated News Ltd at Mary Evans Picture Library.
    22. 22. Sir Henry Hart: London Females Mission Yard of Probationary House of the London Female Mission, © NMRC, English Heritage
    23. 23. Sir Henry Hart: Technical Inventions The Repertory of Patent Inventions, Vol XIII, January – June 1849. London.
    24. 24. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan • Born Westminster, 1783. • Joined the Royal Navy as a Boy, First Class in 1795. • Rose to the the rank of Admiral in retirement. • Naval Aide de Camp to King William IV and Queen Victoria.
    25. 25. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Political Activities Admiral Cadogan by Camille Silvy, © National Portrait Gallery.
    26. 26. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Protectionist Party The Fallen Minister (after Delaroche), 1846, © The British Museum.
    27. 27. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Naval Charities Shipwrecked Fishermen & Mariners Royal Benevolent Society Medal, 1858, © Grosvenor Prints.
    28. 28. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Cultural Activities The Antiquarian Society by George Cruikshank, 1812, © The British Museum.
    29. 29. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Walter Scott and Abbotsford Subscription George, 3rd Earl Cadogan by Sir Francis Grant, © Haggerston Press.
    30. 30. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Walter Scott and Abbotsford Subscription Abbotsford from Morris’ Country Seats, public domain image.
    31. 31. George, 3rd Earl Cadogan: Nelson Memorial Committee Nelson’s Column under construction by W.H.F. Talbot, © National Media Museum
    32. 32. George, Third Earl Cadogan: “the Beau Ideal of a son of the sea” La Sylphide, Literature, Beaux-Arts, Modes, II Serie, Tome V, 1847
    33. 33. George, Third Earl Cadogan: “the Beau Ideal of a son of the sea” Margaret, Countess of Blessington, by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1822, © Wallace Collection
    34. 34. Thomas Groube • Born Falmouth, 1774. • Joined the Royal Navy in 1794. • Governor of Naval Hospital, Madras • Rose to the rank of Rear Admiral in retirement. • Alderman of Borough of Honiton.
    35. 35. Thomas Groube: Civilian Activities Woolmer’s Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, Saturday September 23, 1848.
    36. 36. Thomas Groube: Income Tax Protests The Penny Satirist, Saturday April 9, 1842, © The British Museum. “Robert Peel as an oriental despot ordering his satraps to exact a 3 percent income tax.”
    37. 37. Thomas Groube: Income Tax Protests The Western Times “A memorial to the queen numerously and most respectably signed is this day forwarded form Honiton and one also from Ottery against the income tax. That true friend of the poor man, Captain Groube RN, has most perseveringly accomplished it amidst clerical scorn and Tory sneers. His efforts to promote the best interests of this country are beyond all praise.”
    38. 38. Thomas Groube: Income Tax Protests Plymouth and Exeter Gazette “At twelve o’clock the hour fixed for the meeting, the Whig radicals headed by Mr Isaac John Cox, the “kind hearted” Captain Groube, and Mr Gustavus Smith assembled in the room when to their great surprise (for they had calculated on having it all their own way) they were soon followed by a numerous body of the conservatives and in a few minutes the looks of Mr Gustavus Smith unwittingly indicated and foreshadowed the defeat of his party.”
    39. 39. Thomas Groube: Anti-Corn Law Bazaar The Anti-Corn-Law Bazaar, Theatre Royal Manchester, 1842, © West Sussex County Council.
    40. 40. Thomas Groube: Shore Scandal Henry Philpotts, Bishop of Exeter, by John Prescott Knight, © Magdalen College, Oxford.
    41. 41. Conclusion: A life of duty and service Midshipman, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
    42. 42. Conclusion: A life of duty and service Lieutenant, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
    43. 43. Conclusion: A life of duty and service Captain, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
    44. 44. Conclusion: A life of duty and service Admiral, by Thomas Rowlandson, 1799, © National Maritime Museum.
    45. 45. Further Information • Indefatigable1797.wordpress.com – http://indefatigable1797.wordpress.com • Heather Noel-Smith – Heather.noel-smith@sky.com • Lorna M. Campbell – Lorna.m.campbell@icloud.com
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