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Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classro...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classro...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classro...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classro...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classro...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
from various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP
abraham + associates architecture and planning
From various Presentations to the City of St. P...
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St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Intrpretive Center and Garden Classroom

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This presentation provides details of the design and construction of the St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom completed in 2010. This green roof was part of a 58,000 sf firestation and fire department headquarters building for the city of St. Paul, Minnesota. The green roof was designed by Abraham + Associates Architecture and Planning, who was also the sustainable design and LEED consultant on the Fire Station Project. The building itself was designed by CDG, Inc. A Minneapolis Architectural Firm. The Construction Manager for the project was CPMI, Inc. and the project was certified LEED Silver, as requested by the City of St. Paul. The Project Manager for the city was David Nelson.

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  • Presentation for Annual Stormwater Review December 18, 2009 8:30 AMCentral Corridor1080 University Ave   Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Basic informationExamples of GRT optionsProject OverviewGoals and ObjectivesHistoryDesign Functional AreasWater featurePlant PallettesGreen wallIrrigation & rainwater harvestingComponents – Intensive vs. extensiveEducation PrecedentsEducation/interpretive curriculumImplemetation and learning opportunitiesInitial and Ongoing Maintenance MonitoringValuePrecedentsProgram DescriptionTempPrecipMoisture contentEffluent Rate and QualityConclusionQ & A 
  • Presentation for Annual Stormwater Review December 18, 2009 8:30 AMCentral Corridor1080 University Ave   Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Basic informationExamples of GRT optionsProject OverviewGoals and ObjectivesHistoryDesign Functional AreasWater featurePlant PallettesGreen wallIrrigation & rainwater harvestingComponents – Intensive vs. extensiveEducation PrecedentsEducation/interpretive curriculumImplemetation and learning opportunitiesInitial and Ongoing Maintenance MonitoringValuePrecedentsProgram DescriptionTempPrecipMoisture contentEffluent Rate and QualityConclusionQ & A 
  • Presentation for Annual Stormwater Review December 18, 2009 8:30 AMCentral Corridor1080 University Ave   Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Basic informationExamples of GRT optionsProject OverviewGoals and ObjectivesHistoryDesign Functional AreasWater featurePlant PallettesGreen wallIrrigation & rainwater harvestingComponents – Intensive vs. extensiveEducation PrecedentsEducation/interpretive curriculumImplemetation and learning opportunitiesInitial and Ongoing Maintenance MonitoringValuePrecedentsProgram DescriptionTempPrecipMoisture contentEffluent Rate and QualityConclusionQ & A 
  • Anemone canadensis Canadian Anemone Woodland (shade plants)Aquilegia canadensis Eastern Red Columbine Woodland (shade plants)Carex pensylvanica Pensylvania Sedge Woodland (shade plants)Bromus purgans Hairy Wood Chess Woodland (shade plants)Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair Fern Woodland (shade plants)Allium tricoccum Wild Leek Woodland (shade plants)Allium stellatum Prairie Onion Woodland (shade plants)Caltha palustris Yellow Marsh Marigold Woodland (shade plants)Polemonium reptans Jacob's Ladder Woodland (shade plants)Aster shortii Short’s Aster Woodland (shade plants)Blephilia hirsuta Hairy Wood Mint Woodland (shade plants)Alchemilla mollis Lion’s Foot Woodland (shade plants)
  • Pycnanthemum pilosum Hairy Mountain Mint SavannahThaspium trifoliatum Meadow Parsnip SavannahBromus kalmii Prairie Brome SavannahAster prenanthoides Crooked-stemmed Aster SavannahSymphyotrichum shortii Short's Aster SavannahEchinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower SavannahGentiana flavida Cream Gentian SavannahMyrris odorata Sweet Cicely SavannahPenstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue woodlandPolygonatum commutatum Solomon's Seal woodlandTaenidia integerrima Yellow Pimpernel SavannahDiarrhena americana Beak Grass Savannah
  • Allium cernuum Nodding Onion Meadow (short grass prairie)Bouteloua curtipendula Side-oats Grama Meadow (short grass prairie)Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master Meadow (short grass prairie)Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem Meadow (short grass prairie)Gentianella quDalea purpurea Purple Prairie Clover Wildflowerinquefolia Stiff Gentian Meadow (short grass prairie)Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star Meadow (short grass prairie)Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue Meadow (short grass prairie)Baptisia leucantha White Wild Indigo Meadow (short grass prairie)
  • Anemone canadensis Canadian Anemone Woodland (shade plants)Aquilegia canadensis Eastern Red Columbine Woodland (shade plants)CarexpensylvanicaPensylvania Sedge Bitmap Woodland (shade plants) Bromuspurgans Hairy Wood Chess Woodland (shade plants)Pycnanthemumpilosum Hairy Mountain Mint SavannahThaspiumtrifoliatum Meadow Parsnip SavannahBlephiliahirsuta Hairy Wood Mint woodlandElymusvillosus Silky Wild Rye SavannahOsmundacinnamomea Cinnamon Fern Woodland (shade plants)Athyriumfilix-femina Lady Fern Woodland (shade plants)Asclepiasexaltata Poke Milkweed Woodland (shade plants)Aster drumondii Drummond’s Aster Woodland (shade plants)Campanulastrumamericanum (L.) Small Tall Bellflower Woodland (shade plants)Hydrophyllumappendiculatum Great Waterleaf Woodland (shade plants)Astrophytummyriostigma Bishop’s Cap Woodland (shade plants)Mertensiavirginica Virginia Bluebells Woodland (shade plants)Arisaematriphyllum Jack in the Pulpit Woodland (shade plants)Thalictrumdioicum Early Meadow Rue Woodland (shade plants)
  • Spartina pectinata Prairie cord-grass Wet to Wet Mesic PrairieLiatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star Wet to Wet Mesic PrairiePlatanthera praeclara Western Prairie Fringed Orchid Wet to Wet Mesic PrairieVeronicastrum virginicum Culvers Root Wet to Wet Mesic PrairieTypha angustifolia L. Narrow Leaved cattail Shallow MarshBrasenia schreberi Native Watershield Floating Leaved PlantsNelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers. Yellow Lotus Floating Leaved PlantsLobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia  
  • Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Wet to Wet Mesic PrairiePycnanthemum virginianum Common Mountain Mint Wet to Wet Mesic PrairieSagittaria latifolia Willd. Broad Leaved Arrowhead Shallow Marsh Iris versicolorBlue Flag IrisShallow Marsh, shoreline
  • Presentation for Annual Stormwater Review December 18, 2009 8:30 AMCentral Corridor1080 University Ave   Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Basic informationExamples of GRT optionsProject OverviewGoals and ObjectivesHistoryDesign Functional AreasWater featurePlant PallettesGreen wallIrrigation & rainwater harvestingComponents – Intensive vs. extensiveEducation PrecedentsEducation/interpretive curriculumImplemetation and learning opportunitiesInitial and Ongoing Maintenance MonitoringValuePrecedentsProgram DescriptionTempPrecipMoisture contentEffluent Rate and QualityConclusionQ & A 
  • Presentation for Annual Stormwater Review December 18, 2009 8:30 AMCentral Corridor1080 University Ave   Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Basic informationExamples of GRT optionsProject OverviewGoals and ObjectivesHistoryDesign Functional AreasWater featurePlant PallettesGreen wallIrrigation & rainwater harvestingComponents – Intensive vs. extensiveEducation PrecedentsEducation/interpretive curriculumImplemetation and learning opportunitiesInitial and Ongoing Maintenance MonitoringValuePrecedentsProgram DescriptionTempPrecipMoisture contentEffluent Rate and QualityConclusionQ & A 
  • Presentation for Annual Stormwater Review December 18, 2009 8:30 AMCentral Corridor1080 University Ave   Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Basic informationExamples of GRT optionsProject OverviewGoals and ObjectivesHistoryDesign Functional AreasWater featurePlant PallettesGreen wallIrrigation & rainwater harvestingComponents – Intensive vs. extensiveEducation PrecedentsEducation/interpretive curriculumImplemetation and learning opportunitiesInitial and Ongoing Maintenance MonitoringValuePrecedentsProgram DescriptionTempPrecipMoisture contentEffluent Rate and QualityConclusionQ & A 
  • Transcript of "St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Intrpretive Center and Garden Classroom"

    1. 1. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom By Loren E Abraham, AIA, LEED® AP Abraham + Associates Architecture + Planning Adjunct Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, University of Minnesota Architect’s Rendering of Green Roof
    2. 2. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Saint Paul Fire Station Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom Photo of Green Roof - Courtesy Minnesota Green Roof Council
    3. 3. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom By Loren E Abraham, AIA, LEED® AP Abraham + Associates Architecture + Planning Adjunct Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, University of Minnesota Bird’s eye photo of completed green roof
    4. 4. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Design Review WHY green roofs?  7 Key Water Quality Problems and BMPs  Roof longevity and energy savings  LEED and B3 Standards WHAT is green roof technology (GRT)?  Components of green roof systems.  Plant selection and research  Irrigation and management HOW are green roofs installed?  Photo History of Minneapolis Library Green Roof  Step by Step Process Green Roof Basics Minneapolis Central Library Green Roof Arch: Abraham + Associates
    5. 5. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Design Review Why Green Roofs? 1. Excess Peak Runoff Volume 2. Floatables 3. Suspended Solids 4. Bacteria 5. Phosphorus 6. Chlorides 7. Nitrogen 7 Key Water Quality Issues Green Roofs help prevent
    6. 6. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Design Review Problems Associated with Impervious Surface Why Green Roofs? 20% shallow infiltration 15% deep infiltration 10% shallow infiltration 25% shallow infiltration 21% shallow infiltration 5% deep infiltration 25% deep infiltration 21% deep infiltration 40% evapotranspiritation 38% evapotranspiritation 35% evapotranspiritation 30% evapotranspiritation Natural Ground Cover 10-20% Impervious 75%-100% Impervious35-50% Impervious 10% runoff 20% runoff 30% runoff 55% runoff “The number one cause of water pollution is paving over earth.” Environmental Protection Agency Relationship Between Impervious Cover and Surface Runoff (adapted from FISRWG 1998 In Low Impact Development Strategies 1999) Source: Minnesota Urban Small Sites BMP Manual
    7. 7. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Design Review Problems Associated with Impervious Surface Why Green Roofs? Large storm Higher base flow Small storm Streamflowrate Higher and more rapid peak discharge More runoff volume Lower and loss rapid peak Gradual recession Time Predevelopment Postdevelopment Adapted From: Protecting Water Quality in Urban Areas. Best management Practices for Dealing with Storm Water Runoff from Urban and Suburban Developing Areas of Minnesota. MPCA 2000.
    8. 8. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Design Review Why Green Roofs? Building on this research, the Twin Cities Metro is one of the BEST locations in this country for extensive GRT Source: Patrick Graham, Marian Kim, Evaluating the Stormwater Management Benefits of Green Roofs Through Water Balance Modeling, 2003.
    9. 9. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Education about the Benefits and characteristics of Green Roof Technology Purpose for which this This Green Roof is designed? Water Resources Focus:  Provide sustainable stormwater management— absorb, slow, clean and moderate temperature of runoff Education and Monitoring:  Provide educational exhibits and opportunities about the benefits of Green Roofs  Demonstrate a variety of Green Roof Technologies and how they are constructed  Add variety of plant communities and wildlife habitat  Provide ongoing performance data to corroborate benefits and provide further research opportunities Other Benefits:  Reduce energy costs for heating and cooling building if possible  Improve urban air quality-reduce dust and smog levels  Extends roof life  Lessen urban heat island effect  Provide sound insulation  Improve aesthetics which has psychological benefits Green roofs are commonly designed to be an allegory to the landscape at ground level with no special features or educational focus. Not this one.
    10. 10. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Types of Green Roof Systems PRODUCTS  Grown in Place  Pre-grown vegetative mat  Pre-grown Container systems  Bags and Paks  DIY Kits
    11. 11. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Architect: William McDonough + Partners Size: 69,000 st. in 1997 Costs: 130% of Conv. Base Roof, 70% of Annual Life Cycle Costs System: Sarnafil 901 Cherry - Gap Office Building, Sun Bruno, CA CASE EXAMPLES Gap 901 Cherry San Bruno, CA Architect: Wm McDonough + Partners Courtesy WM+P, Charlottesville, VA
    12. 12. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Gap 901 Cherry San Bruno, CA Architect: Wm McDonough + Partners Including Loren Abraham AIA with WMP Courtesy WM+P, Charlottesville, VA
    13. 13. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Gap 901 Cherry San Bruno, CA Architect: Wm McDonough + Partners Including Loren Abraham AIA with WMP Courtesy WM+P, Charlottesville, VA
    14. 14. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom BASE CASE: conventional roof system costs (EPDM roof) COSTS: •Initial costs: 120% greater than conventional (including upgrade of steel structure) •Soil and plant costs •SAVINGS: •Annual energy savings ($0.16/sf) •Annual operations costs: replacement costs (1 time), amortized over 99 years. •Deduct for reduced maintenance costs of HVAC system Post-construction (actual costs): Simple Payback: 8.8 years Cost Benefit Analysis Gap 901 Cherry San Bruno, CA Architect: Wm McDonough + Partners Including Loren Abraham AIA Courtesy WM+P, Charlottesville, VA
    15. 15. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Minneapolis Central Library Green Roof
    16. 16. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Project Description Minneapolis Central Library Details  GR installed summer 2005.  3 roofs on two levels:  5th floor roof  Two on 2nd floor  Rainwater is collected and stored in (4) 750 gal. capacity cisterns for irrigation.  All are extensive roofs viewed from inside the library.  Planting design includes 18 European and 39 native species.Photo : Minneapolis Central Library Green Roof Arch: Abraham + Associates
    17. 17. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom TARGET CENTER Details  2.5 ACRES:  Largest in Minnesota  Fifth Largest in North America  Pre-grown vegetative mat – 2.75‖ center and 3.5‖ perimeter  Includes 20 year Maintenance Contract  Planting design includes over 30 succulent and native species.  Drip Irrigation  Contractor: Stock Roofing Co. The extensive vegetated green roof on Target Center is the largest in Minnesota, the fifth largest in North America, and the tenth largest in the world. It is also the largest extensive green retrofit in the world. Photo © 2009 Bergerson Photography. Architect: Leo Daly, Landscape Architect: Kestrel Design Group.
    18. 18. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom What is Hybrid Green Roof Technology? Type 1: EXTENSIVE  Lower weight: (17-30lbs/sf saturated) - often additional structural support is not required.  Lower capital cost: $15-$30 per s.f. Depends on area, steepness, soil depth  Relatively Shallow Depth: 1" to 5―  Substrate: lightweight  Low maintenance: inspection 1-2 times/year  Supply of water and nutrients mainly by natural processes  Native, natural plant selection (plants adapted to drought and heat and wind)  Access: not designed for public use but can be accessed via walkways or for routine maintenancePhoto : Minneapolis Central Library Green Roof Arch: Abraham + Associates
    19. 19. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Type 2: INTENSIVE  Increased weight: 30-100 lb per s.f.  Increased capital cost: $30+ per s.f.  Depth: usually 12‖ or more  Substrate: higher amount of organic material in layers >100 mm  Increased maintenance: depends on plant selection, e.g., mowing, fertilizing, watering, weeding  Intense planting: manicured landscapes, ornamental lawns, flowers, shrubs, trees, even organic gardening  Access: can be used as public park or building amenity  …and can include ponds, play areas, decks, patios, even a miniature golf course, etc.  Often found over underground garages. What is Hybrid Green Roof Technology? Photos : The Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum Courtesy: roofmeadow.wordpress.com
    20. 20. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom What is Green Roof Technology? 1. Components
    21. 21. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom What is the Green Roof Design?  Perennial or self-seeding plants  Appropriate for varied Sun Conditions  Appropriate for varied media depths  Combine both succulents and native plants  Endure both drought and wet conditions  Will tolerate high winds  Will tolerate both extreme sun exposure and dense shade 3. Plants for EXTENSIVE Green Roof
    22. 22. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom What is the Green Roof Design? 3. Plants for EXTENSIVE Green Roof  Perennial or self-seeding plants  Appropriate for varied Sun Conditions  Appropriate for varied media depths  Combine both succulents and native plants  Endure both drought and wet conditions  Will tolerate high winds  Will tolerate both extreme sun exposure and dense shade
    23. 23. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom What is the Green Roof Design? 3. Plants for EXTENSIVE Green Roof  Perennial or self-seeding plants  Appropriate for varied Sun Conditions  Appropriate for varied media depths  Combine both succulents and native plants  Endure both drought and wet conditions  Will tolerate high winds  Will tolerate both extreme sun exposure and dense shade
    24. 24. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom What is the Green Roof Design? 3. Plants for EXTENSIVE Green Roof  Perennial or self-seeding plants  Appropriate for varied Sun Conditions  Appropriate for varied media depths  Combine both succulents and native plants  Endure both drought and wet conditions  Will tolerate high winds  Will tolerate both extreme sun exposure and dense shade
    25. 25. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plants native to Minnesota The Plants below are native and able to grow in shallow green roof conditions Allium Cernuum (Nodding Onion) deciduous wildflower Anemone Cylindrica (Thimbleweed) prairie wildflower Coreopsis palmate (Prairie Coreopsis) prairie wildflower Dalea purpurea (Purple Prairie Clover) prairie and rocky area wildflower Heuchera richardsonii (Prairie Alumroot) Wildflower Liatris Aspera (Rough Blazing star) Wildflower butterflies Ratibida Pinnata (grey-head prairie coneflower) wildflower Teucrium Canadense (Canada Germander) wildflower Carex bicknellii (Bicknell's sedge) sedge butterflies Dalea candidum (White Prairies Clover) forb
    26. 26. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Pallettes native to Minnesota Eragrostis spectabilis (Purple Love Grass) native grass Penstemon digitalis (White Beardtoungue) Wildflower butterflies Penstemon hirsutus (Hairy Beardstoungue) wildflower Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem) native grass Senecio pauperculus (Balsom Ragwort) forb Solidago ptarmicoides (White Upland Aster) wildflower Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie Dropseed) native grass Tradescantia ohiesnis (Spiderwort) wildflower
    27. 27. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Wetland Plants for Minnesota Floating Leaved Plants: Nymphaea spp. (Waterlillies) Brasenia schreberi (Native Watershield) (yellow lotus) (Cow lilies) Abundantly growing aquatic plants: Submerged: Myriophyllum exalbescens (Northern watermilfoil) Ceratyophyllum demersum (Coontail) Elodea Canadensis (Canada waterweed) Emergent: Typha latifolia, Typha angustifolia (Cattalis) Scirpus spp. (Bulrushes)
    28. 28. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Native Vines for Minnesota Lonicera brownii (Dropmore scarlet honeysuckle) partial sun, fertile well drained soil, very winter hardy and easy to grow, fast growing, needs support trellis right after planting, boasts scarlet-orange, tubular flowers from June to September, attracts hummingbirds Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper) partial sun, cold hardy, grows quickly, tough, requires little maintenance, small fruits it bears attract birds, can be invasive, prune to control size Scarlet honeysuckle Virginia CreeperVirginia Creeper
    29. 29. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom PROPOSED PLANTS Traditional Green Roof Plant List Allium schoenoprasum Dianthus deltoides Papaver alpinum Sedum album Sedum floriferum Sedum hybridum Sedum reflexum Sedum sexangulare Sedum spurium Sedum ternatum Sempervivum spp. Image Source: Intrinsic Perennials Sedum floriferum Russian Stonecrop 'Weihenstephaner Gold' Allium schoenoprasum Sedum spurium
    30. 30. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom More Green Roof Technology? 4. Irrigation  Irrigation is primarily for Plant Establishment & Building Cooling  Temporary Establishment of Plants is 2-3 Seasons (Spring, Summer, Fall)  Reduces Cooling Loads on in Summer by as much as 50% (e.g., 1 story flat roofs)  Needed long term for the No-mow turf areas
    31. 31. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom More Green Roof Technology? 4. Irrigation for Plant Establishment  Plants need at minimum 1‖ of water per week June, July, August  Evaporation up to 2‖ per week June, July, August  ¾‖ pipe = 2 to 3 GPM; 1‖ pipe = 5 to GPM  18‖ spacing of emitters for extensive areas  12‖ spacing of emitters for extensive areas
    32. 32. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Approved Design Scheme GREEN ROOF PLAN
    33. 33. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Final Design Scheme Perspective View Looking East
    34. 34. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Perspective View Looking West Final Design Scheme
    35. 35. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Westile Roofing Products – Littleton, CO Pavers: standard size – 24‖ x 24‖ x 1 3/4‖ several standard colors for each finish 4 standard finishes Pedestal System: (from top to bottom) paver shim (rubber or rigid) ScrewJack pedestal (adjustable height 2‖ – 7 ¾‖) Slope Leveler Slope Leveler LD4 Typical ScrewJack installation without Slope Leveler Pavers
    36. 36. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Living Walls • Climbing Vines • GreenScreen Panels
    37. 37. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palettes Des. Description Area PP1 Extensive Prairie Wildflower Garden 586 PP2 Extensive Succulent/Wildflower Garden 533 PP3 Extensive Woodland Garden 1003 PP4 Intensive Savannah/Wildflower Garden 95 PP5 Intensive Meadow Garden 747 PP6 Intensive Shady Garden 495 PP7 Intensive Wetland Garden 65 PP8 Intensive Wildflower Garden 149 PP9 Extensive Wetland Garden 30 PP10 No-mow Turf (Pregrown vegetative mat) 631 PP11 Vining plants for Treillage,"trees" and trellisses 233
    38. 38. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 1 Extensive Prairie Wildflower Garden The Plants below are native and able to grow in shallow green roof conditions Allium Cernuum (Nodding Onion) deciduous wildflower Anemone Patens (Pasque Flower) prairie wildflower Coreopsis palmate (Prairie Coreopsis) prairie wildflower Geum triflorum Prairie Smoke Wildflower Lobelia spicata Spiked Lobelia Wildflower Rudbeckia hirta Black-Eyed Susan Savannah Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed Wildflower Antennaria neglecta Pussytoes Wildflower Bouteloua curtipendula (Side-oats Grama Meadow Grass Opuntia fragilis Brittle opuntia (Prickly Pear) Wildflower Aquilegia canadensis Columbine Wildflower Arennaria stricta Sandwort Wildflower Aster sericeus Smooth Aster Wildflower Campanula rotundifolia Harebell Wildflower
    39. 39. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom The Plants below are drought tolerant and able to grow in shallow green roof conditions Allium schoenoprasum wildflower Opuntia humifusa Sedum ‘ Green Spruce’ Sedum album teretifolium ‘Murale’ Sedum divergens Sedum ewersii Sedum kamtschaticum Sedum sexangulare Sedum sichotense Sedum spurium ‘Fuldaglut’ Sedum stenopetalum Sempervivum mix Plant Palette 2 Extensive Succulent/Wildflower Garden
    40. 40. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 3 Extensive Woodland Garden Anemone canadensis Canadian Anemone Woodland (shade plants) Aquilegia canadensis Columbine Woodland (shade plants) Carex pensylvanica Pensylvania Sedge Woodland Bromus purgans Hairy Wood Chess Woodland (shade plants) Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair Fern Woodland (shade plants) Allium tricoccum Wild Leek Woodland (shade plants) Allium stellatum Prairie Onion Woodland (shade plants) Caltha palustris Yellow Marsh Marigold Woodland (shade plants) Aster shortii Short’s Aster Woodland (shade plants) Polemonium reptans Jacob's Ladder Woodland (shade plants) Alchemilla mollis Lion’s Foot Woodland (shade plants) Blephilia hirsuta Hairy Wood Mint Woodland (shade plants)
    41. 41. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 4 Intensive Savannah/Wildflower Garden Pycnanthemum pilosum Hairy Mountain Mint Savannah Thaspium trifoliatum Meadow Parsnip Savannah Bromus kalmii Prairie Brome Savannah Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem) native grass Myrris odorata Sweet Cicely Savannah Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie Dropseed) native grass Diarrhena americana Beak Grass Savannah Symphyotrichum shortii Short's Aster Savannah Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower Gentiana flavida Cream Gentian Savannah Penstemon digitalis (White Beardtoungue) Wildflower butterflies Polygonatum commutatum Solomon's Seal woodland Taenidia integerrima Yellow Pimpernel Savannah
    42. 42. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 5 Intensive Meadow Garden Penstemon digitalis (White Beardtoungue) Wildflower butterflies Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star Meadow Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem) native grass Baptisia leucantha White Wild Indigo Meadow S ( n Allium Cernuum (Nodding Onion) deciduous wildflower Bouteloua curtipendula (Side-oats Grama Meadow Grass Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master Meadow (short grass prairie) Dalea purpurea (Purple Prairie Clover) prairie and rocky area wildflower Aster laevis Smooth Blue Aster Meadow (short grass prairie) Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Cone- flower Meadow (short grass prairie)
    43. 43. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 6 Intensive Shady Garden Aster drumondii Drummond’s Aster Woodland (shade plants) Asclepias exaltata Poke Milkweed Woodland (shade plants) Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small Tall Bellflower Woodland (shade plants) Elymus villosus Silky Wild Rye Shade Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern Woodland (shade plants) Anemone canadensis Canadian Anemone Woodland (shade plants) Aquilegia canadensis Columbine Woodland (shade plants) Carex pensylvanica Pensylvania Sedge Woodland Bromus purgans Hairy Wood Chess Woodland (shade plants) Pycnanthemum pilosum Hairy Mountain Mint Savannah Thaspium trifoliatum Meadow Parsnip Savannah Blephilia hirsuta Hairy Wood Mint woodland Athyrium filix-femina Lady Fern Woodland (shade plants) Hydrophyllum appendiculatum Great Waterleaf Woodland (shade plants) Astrophytum myriostigma Bishop’s Cap Woodland (shade plants) Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells Woodland (shade plants) Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the Pulpit Woodland (shade plants)
    44. 44. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 7 Intensive Wetland Garden Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star Wet to Wet Mesic Prairie Brasenia schreberi Native Watershield Floating Leaved Plants Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers. Yellow Lotus Floating Leaved Plants Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia Spartina pectinata Prairie cord-grass Wet to Wet Mesic Prairie Platanthera praeclara Western Prairie Fringed Orchid Wet to Wet Mesic Prairie
    45. 45. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 9 Extensive Wetland Garden Penstemon hirsutus (Hairy Beardstoungue) wildflower Iris versicolor Blue Flag Iris Shallow Marsh, shoreline Sagittaria latifolia Willd. Broad Leaved Arrowhead Shallow Marsh Pycnanthemum virginianum Common Mountain Mint Wet to Wet Mesic Prairie Floating Leaved Plants: Nymphaea spp. (Waterlillies) Brasenia schreberi (Native Watershield) (yellow lotus) (Cow lilies) Abundantly growing aquatic plants: Submerged: Myriophyllum exalbescens (Northern watermilfoil) Ceratyophyllum demersum (Coontail) Elodea Canadensis (Canada waterweed) Emergent: Typha latifolia, Typha angustifolia (Cattalis) Scirpus spp. (Bulrushes)
    46. 46. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 10 No-mow Turf Grass Fescue grasses from the genus Festuca: – slow growing – narrow leaved – shade tolerant This low maintenance "No Mow" turf mix contains single season rye grass seeds for soil stability and quick growth of green lawn. The Fescue seeds are no different from those in our other "No Mow" turf mix. Both contain a specially designed blend of six low- growing Fine Fescue turf grasses, which will: Grow to form a dense turf, Thrive in full sun or partial shade, Require little if any watering or fertilizing, Biologically reduce weed growth, once established, Require limited mowing, usually only once or twice a year, Reduce your lawn maintenance dramatically. ~Prairie Nursery in Westfield, WI
    47. 47. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom No-Mow Turf is Pre-Grown System Pre-Grown Vs. Planted on Site: Example of Pre-Grown Example Shown: Xeroflor Pre-grown System
    48. 48. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Plant Palette 11 Native Vines for Minnesota Lonicera brownii (Dropmore scarlet honeysuckle) partial sun, fertile well drained soil, very winter hardy and easy to grow, fast growing, needs support trellis right after planting, boasts scarlet-orange, tubular flowers from June to September, attracts hummingbirds Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper) partial sun, cold hardy, grows quickly, tough, requires little maintenance, small fruits it bears attract birds, can be invasive, prune to control size Scarlet honeysuckle Virginia Creeper Virginia Creeper
    49. 49. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Tree Trellis Design Getty Garden – Des: Robert Irwin Vertical Structure With Dynamic Vegetation; Profusion of Color
    50. 50. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Rainwater Harvesting Supplies Primary Irrigation Water  Eco-storm Filtration System  Maintains clear water in tank  Zoned valve boxes  Moisture sensor control  Rainwater Cistern  6,000 gl capacity  Water level maintained from potable supply on an as needed basis only  Auto by-pass  Submersible pump supplies 12 GPM to Irrigation System Photos Courtesy: David Nelson, City of St. Paul
    51. 51. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom  Drip System  18” Grid  Supported mid-height  Emitters 18” spacing  Zoned valve boxes  Moisture sensor control  Overhead System  Used at planters and Tree structures  Moisture Sensor control Digitally Controlled Drip Irrigation System
    52. 52. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Final DESIGN Optional Seating Layouts
    53. 53. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom GREEN ROOF COST SUMMARY Item SF $/SF Cost Paver Areas 2721 20.48 55,713.75 No-Mow Turf 638 21.04 13,421.24 Extensive GR 1930 18.41 35,536.29 Intensive GR 1520 42.79 65,052.38 Herb/Vegetable Garden 180 29.41 5,293.67 Total Green Roof Area 4508 26.46 119,303.58 Retaining Wall 465 60.61 28,160.00 Trellises and Green Walls 1803 39.15 70,575.00 Irrigation System 6311 3.81 24,066.90 Water Feature and Rainwater Cistern 75 4.53 35,625.00 FF&E 1.88 14,800.00 Maintenance - 3 years 7,500.00 Contingency, OH+P & Other 6.24 49,082.22 Construction Total 7868 48.78 383,797.00 Education and Monitoring Total 100,575.00 Grand Total 484,372.00
    54. 54. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Educational Opportunities
    55. 55. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Educational Opportunities
    56. 56. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom Education
    57. 57. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom The objectives of the project:  Provide an innovative demonstration of a multi- purpose green roof installation  Reduce non-point source pollution to the Mississippi River  Provide opportunity for monitoring to verify expected results in 7 key water quality areas  Provide education for school children and the public about the benefits of green roofs. Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom
    58. 58. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Education for school children and other visitors
    59. 59. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom Description of education and/or demonstration – Development of an Education Curriculum: educational materials will be developed including interpretive signage, displays and fact sheets. – A web site on the internet may also be developed – Education Curriculum would include: • The causes of non-point source pollution and how green roofs help reduce it. • Habitat for migratory birds and beneficial insects such as butterflies, worms and beetles. • Rainwater cistern and water reuse
    60. 60. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom • Summary of Education /Interpretive Program: – The vision on the education program is generally based on the ―The Roof is Growing!‖ (ASLA) – Education Curriculum was developed by green roof education subcommittee including creating educational materials in various formats (print, display exhibits) – Tailored to K-12 students, professionals and the general public about the Water and ecological benefits of green roofs. – Made possible through grant from CRWD Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom
    61. 61. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom Precedent Project: • ―The Roof is Growing!‖ from American Society of Landscape Architecture (ASLA) • Provided examples of Consistency with Academic Standards and Teacher’s Guide /Student Workbook
    62. 62. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green roof education subcommittee • Loren Abraham - Architect • Elizabeth Beckman - CRWD • Sage Passi - RWMWD • Mark Granlund – City Parks Dept. • Cy Kosel - City Parks Dept. • Mark Doneux - CRWD • Dave Nelson - City of Saint Paul • Paula Peterson - SPFD Education Coordinator • MN Green Roofs Council • Phil Belfiori- City Water Res. Coordinator Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom
    63. 63. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Subcommittee Tasks – To develop learning objectives and content for display, print, and web based materials for: • 8-10 Interpretive stations with signage • Three teaching workbooks tailored to Grades 4/5, Grades 7/8 and Builders /professional • Focus content on stormwater education • Develop consistency with MN State Education Standards for Science Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom
    64. 64. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Content for interpretive stations and teachers guide to include: • Green Roof Construction: a cut-a-way view. • Water pollution caused by surface runoff and how green roofs help reduce it. • Rainwater harvesting system provides water for Irrigation. Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom
    65. 65. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom Previous examples of Interpretive station signage
    66. 66. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom – Pursue partnerships with public agency /organizations or non-profit to conduct interpretive training and Long-term roof maintenance training. – Involving master gardeners, college groups, senior groups etc.. For planting, maintenance and tours. Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom Additional Education goals:
    67. 67. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom • Monitoring and evaluation of effectiveness program  Implementation in partnership with CRWD- Thank You!  Green roof monitoring systems for water quantity, water quality and comparative temperature and weather data collection
    68. 68. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom • Monitoring components Connection to the buildings sensor system: automated temperature sensors automated flow meter automated precipitation gauge Water Quality Monitoring- manually collected Ongoing evaluation of the monitoring data and reporting Monitoring data could also serve as science research in the coming years, as well as community outreach and education.
    69. 69. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning from various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom Future Research Opportunities Greenroof Technology vs Conventional including:  Stormwater Runoff/retention  Thermal Insulation/Heat transfer  Effects of Evapo-transpiration on cooling loads  Roof Surface Temperature  Plant Mortality and morbidity by Species  Investigate the fire-protection characteristics of green roofs
    70. 70. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom MONITORING EQUIPMENT
    71. 71. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom MONITORING Greenroof Technology vs Conventional  Stormwater Runoff/retention  Thermal Insulation/Heat transfer  Effects of Evapo- transpiration on cooling loads  Roof Surface Temperature  Plant Mortality and by Species  Effects of Light Reflected off Glass on lower roofs
    72. 72. Loren Abraham, AIA, LEED AP abraham + associates architecture and planning From various Presentations to the City of St. Paul St. Paul Fire Station Green Roof Garden Classroom Green Roof Interpretive Center and Garden Classroom For More Information Contact: Loren E Abraham, AIA, LEED ® AP Abraham + Associates Architecture + Planning Loren.abraham@abrarch.com www.abrarch.com

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