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Alyssa Lacativo & Olivia Fischbach Block 2 Heroin
Drug Schedule <ul><li>Heroin is classified in schedule 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High potential for abuse </li></ul></ul><ul...
Psychological Dependence <ul><li>Users feel that heroin is more important than any other activity in their lives </li></ul...
Physical Dependence <ul><li>Dependence develops with higher doses of drug </li></ul><ul><li>The body adapts to presence of...
Where it comes from <ul><li>Street Heroin can be cut with strychnine or other poisons  </li></ul><ul><li>Processed from mo...
Common Methods of taking drug <ul><li>Injections </li></ul><ul><li>Snorting </li></ul><ul><li>smoking </li></ul>
Color Test <ul><li>Marquis Test  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reagent turns purple in presence of heroin </li></ul></ul>
Medical uses? <ul><li>NO </li></ul><ul><li>Used to be used to help people come off of morphine addictions, but not medical...
State Penalties <ul><li>Possession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>1 gram: state jail felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1-4 grams: ...
State Penalties Cont. <ul><li>Sale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>1 gram: state jail felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1-4 grams: ...
Federal Penalties <ul><li>100-999 grams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st offense:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>no less than 5 ...
Federal Penalties Cont. <ul><li>1 Kilogram or more </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st offense: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No le...
Common Effects <ul><li>Pain Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Euphoria </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness/respiratory depression and arre...
Other Names <ul><li>Black tar heroin </li></ul><ul><li>Brown sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Dope </li></ul><ul><li>H </li></ul><u...
Withdrawal Symptoms <ul><li>Restlessness  </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle and bone pain </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul>...
Treatment Options <ul><li>Methadone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for 30 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthetic opiate me...
More Options <ul><li>Naltrexone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not widely used b/c of poor patient compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Largest Producers <ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li...
Websites <ul><li>www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/heroin.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.drugfree.org/portal/drug_guide/heroin </li>...
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Heroin Project (Alyssa & Olivia)

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Transcript of "Heroin Project (Alyssa & Olivia)"

  1. 1. Alyssa Lacativo & Olivia Fischbach Block 2 Heroin
  2. 2. Drug Schedule <ul><li>Heroin is classified in schedule 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High potential for abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High potential for dependence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No approved medical use </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Psychological Dependence <ul><li>Users feel that heroin is more important than any other activity in their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Crave it and find it extremely difficult to stop using or even cut back on the amount they use </li></ul>
  4. 4. Physical Dependence <ul><li>Dependence develops with higher doses of drug </li></ul><ul><li>The body adapts to presence of drug causing user to need to use more to feel affects </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal symptoms occur if use is abruptly stopped </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where it comes from <ul><li>Street Heroin can be cut with strychnine or other poisons </li></ul><ul><li>Processed from morphine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Morphine comes from the seedpod of the opium poppy plant </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Common Methods of taking drug <ul><li>Injections </li></ul><ul><li>Snorting </li></ul><ul><li>smoking </li></ul>
  7. 7. Color Test <ul><li>Marquis Test </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reagent turns purple in presence of heroin </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Medical uses? <ul><li>NO </li></ul><ul><li>Used to be used to help people come off of morphine addictions, but not medically approved </li></ul>
  9. 9. State Penalties <ul><li>Possession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>1 gram: state jail felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1-4 grams: 3rd degree felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4-200 grams: 2nd degree felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>200-400 grams: 1st degree felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400+ grams 10-99 years or life in jail w/ possible fine of $100,000 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. State Penalties Cont. <ul><li>Sale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>1 gram: state jail felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1-4 grams: 2nd degree felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4-200 grams: 1st degree felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>200-400 grams: 10-99 years or life in prison w/ possible fine of $100,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400+ grams: 15-99 years or life in prison w/ possible fine of $250,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery to minor under 17 who is enrolled in school: 2nd degree felony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within drug-free zone: stricter penalties </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Federal Penalties <ul><li>100-999 grams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st offense: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>no less than 5 years & no more than 40 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>if death or serious injury resulted, not less than 20 years, but up to life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fine is no more than $2 million for an individual and $5 million if not individual </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd offense: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No less than 10 years, but up to life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If death or serious injury results, life imprisonment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fine is no more than $4 million for an individual and $10 million if not individual </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Federal Penalties Cont. <ul><li>1 Kilogram or more </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st offense: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No less than 10 years, but no more than life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If death or serious injury resulted, no less than 20, but up to life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fine of no more than $4 million if individual and $10 million if not individual </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd offense: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No less than 20 years , but no more than life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If death or serious injury resulted, life imprisonment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fine of no more than $8 million if individual and $20 million if not individual </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Common Effects <ul><li>Pain Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Euphoria </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness/respiratory depression and arrest </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Staggering gait </li></ul><ul><li>Sedation </li></ul><ul><li>Unconsciousness </li></ul><ul><li>Coma </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction </li></ul>
  14. 14. Other Names <ul><li>Black tar heroin </li></ul><ul><li>Brown sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Dope </li></ul><ul><li>H </li></ul><ul><li>Horse </li></ul><ul><li>Junk </li></ul><ul><li>Ska </li></ul><ul><li>Skag </li></ul><ul><li>Skunk </li></ul><ul><li>Smack </li></ul><ul><li>White horse </li></ul>
  15. 15. Withdrawal Symptoms <ul><li>Restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle and bone pain </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Diarrhea and vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Cold flashes with goose bumps </li></ul><ul><li>Kicking movements </li></ul><ul><li>Severe craving for drug </li></ul>
  16. 16. Treatment Options <ul><li>Methadone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for 30 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthetic opiate med that binds to same receptors as heroin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces desire for opioid drugs and prevents withdrawal symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not intoxicating or sedating and effects do not affect daily activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Buprenorphine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More recently approved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less risk for overdose, withdrawal, & physical dependence </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. More Options <ul><li>Naltrexone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not widely used b/c of poor patient compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blocks receptors, so patient cannot feel effect of drug </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must detox first then used in outpatient setting once body is opioid free for several days </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Naloxone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shorter acting opioid receptor blocker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to treat cases of overdose </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Largest Producers <ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Laos </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia </li></ul>
  19. 19. Websites <ul><li>www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/heroin.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.drugfree.org/portal/drug_guide/heroin </li></ul><ul><li>my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/heroin_addiction/hic_heroin_abuse_and_addiction.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>www.myaddiction.com/heroin.html </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholism.com/cs/heroin/f/heroin_faq05.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.justice.gov/dea/agency/penalties.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Law.jrank.org/pages/11810/Heroin.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.druginfo.adf.org.au/druginfo/drugs/drugfacts/heroin.html </li></ul>
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