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Heroin Project (Alyssa & Olivia)

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  • 1. Alyssa Lacativo & Olivia Fischbach Block 2 Heroin
  • 2. Drug Schedule
    • Heroin is classified in schedule 1
      • High potential for abuse
      • High potential for dependence
      • No approved medical use
  • 3. Psychological Dependence
    • Users feel that heroin is more important than any other activity in their lives
    • Crave it and find it extremely difficult to stop using or even cut back on the amount they use
  • 4. Physical Dependence
    • Dependence develops with higher doses of drug
    • The body adapts to presence of drug causing user to need to use more to feel affects
    • Withdrawal symptoms occur if use is abruptly stopped
  • 5. Where it comes from
    • Street Heroin can be cut with strychnine or other poisons
    • Processed from morphine
      • Morphine comes from the seedpod of the opium poppy plant
  • 6. Common Methods of taking drug
    • Injections
    • Snorting
    • smoking
  • 7. Color Test
    • Marquis Test
      • Reagent turns purple in presence of heroin
  • 8. Medical uses?
    • NO
    • Used to be used to help people come off of morphine addictions, but not medically approved
  • 9. State Penalties
    • Possession
      • >1 gram: state jail felony
      • 1-4 grams: 3rd degree felony
      • 4-200 grams: 2nd degree felony
      • 200-400 grams: 1st degree felony
      • 400+ grams 10-99 years or life in jail w/ possible fine of $100,000
  • 10. State Penalties Cont.
    • Sale
      • >1 gram: state jail felony
      • 1-4 grams: 2nd degree felony
      • 4-200 grams: 1st degree felony
      • 200-400 grams: 10-99 years or life in prison w/ possible fine of $100,000
      • 400+ grams: 15-99 years or life in prison w/ possible fine of $250,000
      • Delivery to minor under 17 who is enrolled in school: 2nd degree felony
      • Within drug-free zone: stricter penalties
  • 11. Federal Penalties
    • 100-999 grams
      • 1st offense:
        • no less than 5 years & no more than 40 years
        • if death or serious injury resulted, not less than 20 years, but up to life
        • Fine is no more than $2 million for an individual and $5 million if not individual
      • 2nd offense:
        • No less than 10 years, but up to life
        • If death or serious injury results, life imprisonment
        • Fine is no more than $4 million for an individual and $10 million if not individual
  • 12. Federal Penalties Cont.
    • 1 Kilogram or more
      • 1st offense:
        • No less than 10 years, but no more than life
        • If death or serious injury resulted, no less than 20, but up to life
        • Fine of no more than $4 million if individual and $10 million if not individual
      • 2nd offense:
        • No less than 20 years , but no more than life
        • If death or serious injury resulted, life imprisonment
        • Fine of no more than $8 million if individual and $20 million if not individual
  • 13. Common Effects
    • Pain Relief
    • Euphoria
    • Drowsiness/respiratory depression and arrest
    • Nausea
    • Confusion
    • Constipation
    • Staggering gait
    • Sedation
    • Unconsciousness
    • Coma
    • Tolerance
    • Addiction
  • 14. Other Names
    • Black tar heroin
    • Brown sugar
    • Dope
    • H
    • Horse
    • Junk
    • Ska
    • Skag
    • Skunk
    • Smack
    • White horse
  • 15. Withdrawal Symptoms
    • Restlessness
    • Muscle and bone pain
    • Insomnia
    • Diarrhea and vomiting
    • Cold flashes with goose bumps
    • Kicking movements
    • Severe craving for drug
  • 16. Treatment Options
    • Methadone
      • Used for 30 years
      • Synthetic opiate med that binds to same receptors as heroin
      • Reduces desire for opioid drugs and prevents withdrawal symptoms
      • Not intoxicating or sedating and effects do not affect daily activities
    • Buprenorphine
      • More recently approved
      • Less risk for overdose, withdrawal, & physical dependence
  • 17. More Options
    • Naltrexone
      • Not widely used b/c of poor patient compliance
      • Blocks receptors, so patient cannot feel effect of drug
      • Must detox first then used in outpatient setting once body is opioid free for several days
    • Naloxone
      • Shorter acting opioid receptor blocker
      • Used to treat cases of overdose
  • 18. Largest Producers
    • Afghanistan
    • Pakistan
    • Myanmar
    • Thailand
    • Laos
    • Vietnam
    • Mexico
    • Columbia
  • 19. Websites
    • www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/heroin.html
    • www.drugfree.org/portal/drug_guide/heroin
    • my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/heroin_addiction/hic_heroin_abuse_and_addiction.aspx
    • www.myaddiction.com/heroin.html
    • Alcoholism.com/cs/heroin/f/heroin_faq05.htm
    • www.justice.gov/dea/agency/penalties.htm
    • Law.jrank.org/pages/11810/Heroin.html
    • www.druginfo.adf.org.au/druginfo/drugs/drugfacts/heroin.html