Various types of barbiturates fall into schedules II, III, and IV
Schedule II barbiturate drugs are dangerous substances with genuine medical uses, but have a high potential for abuse and addiction.
Schedule III barbiturate drugs have less of a potential for abuse than drugs placed in Schedules I and II. These drugs have real medical uses.
Schedule IV barbiturates have a low abuse potential when compared to Schedule III drugs. These substances have an accepted medical use.
Psychological & Physical Dependence
As barbiturates fall into different schedules their psychological and physical dependence varies.
Barbiturates in Schedule II may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence
The abuse of barbiturates in Schedule III can to a lesser degree lead to psychological addiction or dependence
Only some people develop a psychological addiction to barbiturates in Schedule IV
Barbiturates are made from barbituric acid first synthesized on by German researcher Adolf van Baeyer, by condensing urea with diethyl malonate and ester derived from the acid of apples
Methods of Use
Usually taken in pill form
Can be injected into veins of muscles
Dille-Koppanyi test is used to detect the presence of barbiturates
Turns lavender if positive
Barbiturates were first used in medicine in the early 1900s and became popular in the 1960s and 1970s as treatment for anxiety, insomnia, and seizure disorders.
Federal Trafficking Penalties
Class A - Maximum penalty For possession: 7 years and/or an unlimited fine. For dealing: Life and/or unlimited fine.
Class B - Maximum penalty For possession: 5 years and/or unlimited fine. For dealing: 14 years and/or unlimited fine.
Penalties for drug abusers. The federal penalty for the first-time offense of illegally possessing a controlled substance is up to one year in prison and a fine of from $1,000 to $100,000. Penalties are generally doubled for a second offense.
In some cases, a person may not receive a prison sentence. The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 imposes a civil penalty on the minor drug offender, the person possessing a small quantity of an illegal controlled substance. Possession of this quantity known as a "personal use amount" carries a fine of up to $10,000.
Acts as a Depressant to the Central Nervous System
Can cause anything from a mild sedation to total amnesia on victims/patients.
Tremors, sweating, loss of appetite, nausea, high blood pressure, possible hallucinations, convulsions and death.
Withdrawal is life-threatening.
Barbituric acid was first synthesized in 1864, but at the time had no realized medical use