China VS France

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China VS France

  1. 1. China compared to France Florine ZHAO TROMPENAARS’ DIMENSIONS
  2. 2. Universalism vs. particularism <ul><li>Can rules or laws be applied to everyone? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FRANCE : YES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINA : It depends </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship: ‘shut up ’ / Democracy: ‘whatever’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Individualism vs. collectivism <ul><li>Do we function in a group or as individuals? </li></ul><ul><li>CONTACTS: </li></ul><ul><li>PARTY: WAYS OF LIFE: </li></ul>
  4. 4. Neutral vs. emotional <ul><li>Do we display our emotions? </li></ul><ul><li>ANGER: OPINION: </li></ul>
  5. 5. Specific vs. diffuse <ul><li>Is responsibility specifically assigned or diffusely accepted? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FRANCE : specific => strong separation of work and private life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINA : diffuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guanxi 关系 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ganbei 干杯 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Achievement vs. ascription <ul><li>Do we have to prove ourselves to receive status or is it given to us? Ascription cultures tend to accord status based on age, gender, or social connections. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FRANCE : ascription ( status based on age ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINA : ascription (moderate, status based on social connections ) + achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robin Li </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Time <ul><ul><li>FRANCE : Present-oriented culture Day-by-day experiences tend to direct people's life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINA : Future-oriented culture In a future-oriented culture most human activities are directed toward future prospects. Planning constitutes a major activity in future-oriented cultures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beijing University </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Internal vs. external control <ul><li>Do we control our environment or are we controlled by it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FRANCE : Catholicism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total atheists: 32 % </li></ul><ul><li>Total agnostics: 32 % </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINA : 2 00,000,000 Buddhists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yong He Gong </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Questions ? <ul><li>QUESTIONS ? </li></ul>

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