Contents• Introduction• Global Perspectives• Sri-Lankan Perspective• Urbanism and Architecture• Food and Economy• Marriage and Family• Socialization• Manners• Religion• Medicine and Health Care• Secular Celebrations• The Arts and Humanities• Conclusions• Recommendations
Introduction• The Sri-Lankan culture has been influenced by many things in the past. Mostly by religion and colonization.• The culture is seen through history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, fam ily, social, dress, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, r eligion, rituals.• Most of the customs, faiths and beliefs have been handed down over the generations .• Cultures are externally affected via contact between societies
Global Perspective• Sri Lanka has often been referred to as the model welfare state.• Change in economic policies of 1977 which emphasized private sector growth• The civil war has created additional challenges to the welfare system
Sri-Lankan Perspective• The islands history of immigration, trade, and colonial invasion has led to the formation of a variety of ethnic groups.• Sri-Lankan nation includes Sri Lankan Tamils, Muslims and Burghers.• The members of the nation shares different many cultural practices, beliefs, and values, ethnic differences
Urbanism and Architecture• The colonials established their own form of architecture to the island.• People moving towards cities for several reasons and apartments
Food and Economy• Sri Lankas staple meal is a large serving of rice accompanied by different side dishes.• The traditional morning and evening meals are usually composed of a traditional starchy staple• In Sri-Lanka, eating outside is not very common but now it is becoming more so.• Everywhere now in Sri-Lanka we have different cultural restaurants with their traditional food
Marriage and Family• In all ethnic groups, marriages are traditionally arranged by the families though nowadays “Love marriages” are much common.• Bride and groom are expected to be of the same socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and, for Buddhists and Hindus- caste status.
Socialization• Infants are loved and cared by everyone.• Education has always been highly valued and encouraged.• In government universities ,admissions are determined by exam, so that only 2 percent of Sri Lankas children eventually are enrolled in the universities
Manners• Social interactions, personal names are avoided in preference to nicknames, relationship terms, or other titles.• When new people are involved in a conversation, the mutual acquaintance is asked questions about the stranger.• Women usually eat last, after they have served the men and the children of the household.• Food is commonly eaten with the right hand
Religion• Majority of people in Sri-Lanka are Buddhists and so is given a place of preference in the national constitution and public life, although Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity are also practiced by significant portions of the population.• Death ceremonies are usually conducted by the families with religious officiates.
Medicine and Health Care• The health-care system includes Western allopathic medicine as well as South Asian Ayurvedic treatments• There are a variety of private clinics offering Western and Ayurvedic services, indigenous herbal specialists, and ritual healers.
Secular Celebrations• Saturdays and Sundays are public holidays• Poya which is full moon is also a holiday• Independence Day on 4 February and May Day on 1• Sinhala and Tamil residents celebrate the traditional new year On April so the week is shut for holiday• In addition, the major Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, and Christian days are also reserved as public holidays.
The Arts and Humanities• Sri Lanka has a long and prolific history of written as well as oral literature• Writers were recording histories and religious stories, as well as writing on more secular topics.• Religious topics and institutions heavily influence Sri Lankas statuary and pictorial art.• Performance is the most vibrant of all art forms in Sri Lanka, particularly drumming and dancing.
Conclusion• Sri Lankan Culture is diverse like its Natural Heritage. Known as the Smiling People though out the world Sri Lankans enjoy a unique life style thats humble, artistic, entertaining and touching someones heart with Sri Lanka hospitality known for centuries.
Recommendations• Customs and Manners must be taught at schools. And Parents and society has to help youngsters to follow their unique traditions and manners in and out of the home.• The Ministry of Culture is expected to involve to protect folk and traditional culture.• Protecting their intangible cultural heritage is now a problem for many countries, especially developing ones.• Also, young people have different opinions, so they tend to have no interest in carrying on their traditional cultural heritage.
• The government needs to encourage socialization, religion, manners and the Arts and Humanities. Also need to encourage the collection and sorting of Sri Lankas cultural heritage, the provision of funds for people involved in protecting cultural treasures and the protection of the countrys intellectual property relating to its cultural heritage.• Nations wanted to find ways to encourage and support their own creation of culture.