Defining public health & water issues
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Defining public health & water issues

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    Defining public health & water issues Defining public health & water issues Presentation Transcript

    • Defining Public Health & Water Issues Lokhaze Ali Visiting Faculty NICE, SCEE, NUST
    • Thought of the Day Defining Public Health and Water Issues 2
    • Public Health Defining Public Health and Water Issues 3
    • Public Health• Public Health consists of organized efforts to improve the health of communities• The operative components of this definition are that public health efforts are organized and directed to communities rather than to individuals• Central Goal for Communities – The reduction of diseases – Improvement of health Defining Public Health and Water Issues 4
    • The Future of Public Health Institute of Medicine (IOM)Organized community effort to addressthe public interest in health by applyingscientific and technical knowledge toprevent disease and promote health Defining Public Health and Water Issues 5
    • Public Health Activities• Prevent epidemics• Protects the environment, workplaces, housing, food and air• Monitors health status of population• Mobilizes community action• Responds to disasters• Assures quality, accessibility and accountability of medical care• Reaches out to link high-risk and hard to reach people to needed services• Researches to develop new insights and innovative solutions• Leads the development Public Health and Water Issues policy and planning 6 Defining of sound health
    • Ten Great Public Health Achievements• Vaccines Smallpox, Measles, Rabies, Typhoid, Cholera, Plague• Recognition of tobacco use as a health hazard• Motor Vehicle Safety Seat Belts, Helmets• Safer Workplaces 40% decrease in fatal occupational injuries (since 1980)• Control of Infectious Diseases Improved Water and Wastewater Supply Line Defining Public Health and Water Issues 7
    • Ten Great Public Health Achievements• Fewer deaths from heart disease and strokes 51% decrease in death rates, blood pressure control, early detection, better treatment• Safer and Healthier Foods• Healthier mothers and babies Reduced infant mortality by 90% and maternal mortality by 99%• Family Planning• Public Health Preparedness and Response Defining Public Health and Water Issues 8
    • Life Expectancy Male Female Defining Public Health and Water Issues 9
    • Defining Public Health and Water Issues 10
    • Water Issues Defining Public Health and Water Issues 11
    • Water IssuesWater plays a fundamental role in the green economy asit interacts with poverty, food security, health and somany other sustainable development issues.Priority water-related issues1. Agriculture2. Industry3. Cities4. Watersheds Defining Public Health and Water Issues 12
    • Agriculture• 70% of global water Challenges: withdrawals • Water scarcity and water• provides employment for quality degradation trends 40% of the global population • Rising food prices • Vulnerability of small- scale farmers • Growing population, food production and dietary habits • Inefficient use of water • Non-point source pollution of water, land and coastal areas Defining Public Health and Water Issues 13
    • Approaches to address agricultural challenges Coping with these challenges will require • adaptations in agricultural practices, food production chains, food markets, land management • water management practices, including pollution control • information and knowledge, institutional capacities • water governance Defining Public Health and Water Issues 14
    • Industry• critical for the delivery Challenges: goods and services • Excessive use and• creation of job contamination of opportunities to foster freshwater poverty alleviation and • Low labor productivity the improvement of and a limited capacity living standards for innovation in developing countries • Inefficient and unsustainable production and promotion of unnecessary consumption Defining Public Health and Water Issues 15
    • Approaches to address industry challenges Coping with these challenges requires • Advances in regulatory frameworks • a better normative framework focused on adapting manufacturing practices to the objectives of a green economy • voluntary agreements • proper incentives Defining Public Health and Water Issues 16
    • Cities• Developments in cities Challenges: have far-reaching • Adequate water and effects upon the sanitation facilities world’s economies, for growing urban energy use and climate population change • Meeting basic needs in slum areas • Water pollution • Water loss in supply systems • Water price Defining Public Health and Water Issues 17
    • Approaches to address cities’ challengesCoping with these challenges requires• building institutional capacities and governance to enhance the sustainability of urban development• the recognition of the importance of natural capital and ecosystems services for a more harmonic integration among urban and rural areas• awareness-raising• social involvement and leadership to make the objectives of green urban development the focus and the identity of cities• sustainable urban water management Defining Public Health and Water Issues 18
    • Watersheds• Freshwater Challenges: ecosystems provide • Environmental services that are degradation and loss crucial for human of freshwater survival, supporting ecosystems the economy and for the conservation of • Overexploitation of natural capital water resources • Climate change • Lack of information and monitoring • Weak participatory processes Defining Public Health and Water Issues 19
    • Approaches to address watersheds’ challenges • Investing in the recovery and the adequate protection of natural capital and freshwater ecosystems • Ecosystem conservation • Integrated Water Resources Management • Development of resilient and adaptive social responses to extreme events and climate change Defining Public Health and Water Issues 20
    • Defining Public Health and Water Issues 21
    • Defining Public Health and Water Issues 22
    • The Tools1. Economic instruments2. Sustainable financing3. Investments in natural capital4. Technology5. Green jobs6. Water planning Defining Public Health and Water Issues 23
    • Enabling Conditions• Institutional capacity• Political will• Good governance• Long-term integrated perspective• Consensus at all levels• Knowledge sharing Defining Public Health and Water Issues 24
    • Photo of the Week Unicef Pakistan Defining Public Health and Water Issues 25
    • Thank Youlokhaze@hotmail.com Cell: 0345-5077775 Defining Public Health and Water Issues 26