Climate Change
&
Water Resources in Pakistan
Changez (Genghis) Khan
1162-1227

Behead him,
who pollutes
water
Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

2
Water Facts
• 2.6 billion people lack
improved sanitation
• 800 million people lack
access to safe drinking
water
• agricu...
South Asia 2060
• Maximum # of FIRs registered for
theft of water
• 2nd for theft of Cattle
• 3rd… is very interesting
• D...
War Against Terrorism
The number of people killed
in War Against Terrorism
from 1990s till today is less
than the number o...
Water Issues-UNEP
Priority water-related issues
1. Agriculture
2. Industry
3. Cities
4. Watersheds

Climate Change & Water...
The Himalayas

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

7
River Basins in Himalayas

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

8
One of the Most Water-Stressed
Countries-ADB 2013
• Pakistan was pointed
as "one of the most
water-stressed
countries in t...
Pakistan’s per capita water availability
dwindling
• The per capita water availability in Pakistan has
dwindled by over 40...
Pakistan’s Storage Capacity
• Pakistan’s storage capacity
is just for 30 days
• India has the ability to store
water for 1...
Q: What is MAF?
Ans: Million Acre Feet…

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

12
Underground Water Extraction
• In Pakistan, the
annual extraction of
water has gone up to
51 million-acre feet
• Lowering ...
Losing Capacity to Store Water
• Pakistan has also lost its capacity to store
water by 27 percent
• 4.37 million feet of w...
Per Capita Storage Capacity
• United States… the per capita storage capacity
stands at 6,150 cubic meters
• Australia 5,00...
Climate of Pakistan-Dr. Hanif (Pak Met Dept)
Rainfall Distribution

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

16
Pakistan’s Climate
Pakistan is historically prone to Extreme Weather
Events/Disasters, such as
Heavy Rains/River Flooding
...
Weather Systems

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

18
Weather Systems

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

19
Newly Emerged Tracks
Monsoon Weather Systems: 2010, 2011, 2012

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

20
Monsoonal Weather Systems – Rainfall Shift
MONSOON – Rainfall Distribution (1961-1990)

Climate Change & Water Resources o...
Monsoonal Weather Systems – Rainfall Shift
MONSOON – Rainfall Distribution (1991-2010)

Climate Change & Water Resources o...
Monsoonal Weather Systems – Rainfall Shift
MONSOON – Rainfall Trend (Westward Shift)

Climate Change & Water Resources of
...
Future Trends in Pakistan
• Decrease in glacier volume/snow cover
• alterations in the seasonal flow pattern of the
Indus ...
Water Tankers Situation in Karachi

Climate Change & Water Resources of
Pakistan

25
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan

725

Published on

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
725
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
168
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan

  1. 1. Climate Change & Water Resources in Pakistan
  2. 2. Changez (Genghis) Khan 1162-1227 Behead him, who pollutes water Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 2
  3. 3. Water Facts • 2.6 billion people lack improved sanitation • 800 million people lack access to safe drinking water • agriculture uses 70% of fresh water worldwide (40% employment) Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 3
  4. 4. South Asia 2060 • Maximum # of FIRs registered for theft of water • 2nd for theft of Cattle • 3rd… is very interesting • Dr. Adil Najam at 16th Sustainable Development Conference SDPI 2013… South Asia 2060 Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 4
  5. 5. War Against Terrorism The number of people killed in War Against Terrorism from 1990s till today is less than the number of children dying in Delhi due to water related diseases annually South Asia 2060 Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 5
  6. 6. Water Issues-UNEP Priority water-related issues 1. Agriculture 2. Industry 3. Cities 4. Watersheds Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 6
  7. 7. The Himalayas Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 7
  8. 8. River Basins in Himalayas Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 8
  9. 9. One of the Most Water-Stressed Countries-ADB 2013 • Pakistan was pointed as "one of the most water-stressed countries in the world, not far from being classified, 'water-scarce‘ • Asian Development Bank Report 2013 Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 9
  10. 10. Pakistan’s per capita water availability dwindling • The per capita water availability in Pakistan has dwindled by over 406 percent • from 5,260 cubic meters in 1951 • to 1,038 cubic meters in 2010 • If trend continues, then by 2020, the water availability in Pakistan would further lower to 877 cubic meters per annum Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 10
  11. 11. Pakistan’s Storage Capacity • Pakistan’s storage capacity is just for 30 days • India has the ability to store water for 120-220 days • Egypt has 1,000 days water storage capacity only on River Nile • America 900 days on River Colorado • Australia 600 and South Africa has the ability to store water for 500 days on River Orange Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 11
  12. 12. Q: What is MAF? Ans: Million Acre Feet… Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 12
  13. 13. Underground Water Extraction • In Pakistan, the annual extraction of water has gone up to 51 million-acre feet • Lowering the water table • In future, more energy cost for pumping Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 13
  14. 14. Losing Capacity to Store Water • Pakistan has also lost its capacity to store water by 27 percent • 4.37 million feet of water… from 16.28 MAF to 11.91 MAF because of sedimentation • Pakistan will lose more capacity to store water by up to 37 percent (5.95MAF) in 2025 Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 14
  15. 15. Per Capita Storage Capacity • United States… the per capita storage capacity stands at 6,150 cubic meters • Australia 5,000 cubic meters • but in Pakistan it is just 132 cubic meters Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 15
  16. 16. Climate of Pakistan-Dr. Hanif (Pak Met Dept) Rainfall Distribution Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 16
  17. 17. Pakistan’s Climate Pakistan is historically prone to Extreme Weather Events/Disasters, such as Heavy Rains/River Flooding Torrential Rain/Flash Flooding Monsoons Urban Flooding Snow-melt Flooding Cyclones/Coastal Flooding In Pakistan, more than 70% Extreme Weather Events are associated with Monsoon Season Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 17
  18. 18. Weather Systems Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 18
  19. 19. Weather Systems Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 19
  20. 20. Newly Emerged Tracks Monsoon Weather Systems: 2010, 2011, 2012 Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 20
  21. 21. Monsoonal Weather Systems – Rainfall Shift MONSOON – Rainfall Distribution (1961-1990) Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 21
  22. 22. Monsoonal Weather Systems – Rainfall Shift MONSOON – Rainfall Distribution (1991-2010) Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 22
  23. 23. Monsoonal Weather Systems – Rainfall Shift MONSOON – Rainfall Trend (Westward Shift) Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 23
  24. 24. Future Trends in Pakistan • Decrease in glacier volume/snow cover • alterations in the seasonal flow pattern of the Indus River System (IRS) • Increased annual flows for a few decades • followed by decline in flows in subsequent years • Increase in the formation and outburst of glacial lakes (GLOF) • Higher frequency and intensity of extreme climate events coupled with irregular monsoon rains causing frequent floods and droughts Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 24
  25. 25. Water Tankers Situation in Karachi Climate Change & Water Resources of Pakistan 25
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×