A TEST BATTERY
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Meaning of Psychological
Preparedness is a cognitive level includes thinking
about the traumatic event before it happen. The
emotional level includes the extent to which people
occupy themselves with the emotional aspects
associated with the traumatic event. The
instrumental level pertains to the practical decisions
people must make to prepare themselves for the
threatening event. (Mashiach, & Dekel, 2011)
Psychological Preparedness &
Positive psychologists seek "to find and nurture genius and
talent" and "to make normal life more fulfilling“, rather than
merely treating mental illness. Positive psychology is primarily
concerned with using the psychological theory, research and
intervention techniques to understand the positive, adaptive,
creative and emotionally fulfilling aspects of human behavior.
Being prepared” simply makes good sense and is sound advice
across many life situations and circumstances. Our language
attests to this accepted folk wisdom and Scout motto: ‘be
ready’, ‘think ahead’, take care’, and ‘brace yourself’.
Psychological Preparedness is working like as a preventive
and psychological first aid to upcoming critical situation to
person. It leads us the positive side of significant and
stressful situation of our life like (Exam, Interview, Marriage,
Journey, Jobs, Career shift etc.).
A Social-Cognitive model of preparedness by Douglas
Paton defines the role of social and cognition aspects
like awareness, motivation, perception, anxiety,
expectancy, self-efficacy, intention, decision-making,
adjustment, adoption, support system, resilience,
social network etc
The role of psychology in motivating people to take
action in preparing for emergency situation. Learning
and utilizing skills such as stress inoculation, stress
reduction and emotion management can enhance
psychological preparedness. There has been less focus
on individual psychological preparedness by
psychologists so far.
Psychological preparedness can be enhanced through the
acquisition of specific psychological knowledge and strategies,
and through direct and vicarious experience with emergency
situations and scenario. Procedure such as stress inoculation,
emotion management and stress reduction can be
successfully learned and utilized by those likely to experience an
emergency or disaster event (e.g., Meichenbaum, 1996).
One prepares to prevent, protect, respond and recover and
success in executing the results of that preparation is evidenced
by the resilience demonstrated during recovery.
Esperanza, et.al (2008) proposed that cognitive biases such as
unrealistic optimism, invulnerability and overconfidence may
play a role in dealing with chronic natural disaster threats and
their potential role in both physical and psychological
Advantages of Being Psychological
I. When we are fully
A. We will feel more confident.
B. Successfully cope in an unexpected/new
C. Can play a crucial role in improving our
ability to carry out standard physical
D. We can cope with stress and reduce the
effect of post incident distress.
E. In a stressful situation we employ strategies
for better management of those
psychological responses while attending
an emergency responsibility.
F. Psychological preparedness lead us to
positive consequent of life situation.
A Test Battery
I. Resilience:- The term ‘Resilience’ (e.g. Dunning, 1999)
encapsulates a paradigm shift that accommodates the analysis
and facilitation of growth. Ryff and Singer (2003) define
resilience as a “maintenance, recovery, or improvement in mental
of physical health following challenge”. Preparedness is the
necessary foundation upon which an expanded continuum of
emergency management must rest and that one of the results of
the expanded continuum (and maybe the most significant one) is
II. Self-Efficacy:- It is an expectancy belief (expectation) how
competently one will be able to enact a behavior in a particular
situation. Bandura found that individual’s self efficacy plays a
major role in how goals, task and challenges are approached.
III.Unrealistic Optimism:- People judge negative events as less
likely to happen to themselves than to the average person, a
behavior interpreted as showing that people have “unrealistic
optimism” in their judgments of risk concerning future life
IV. Time perspective (Line & Circle Test): - Time is an
inescapable reality of life. All behavior takes place in time and
space. All persons, everywhere, are periodically towards the
past, the present and the future (Doob, 1971). Lewin (1951)
“the totality of the individual’s view of his psychological
future and psychological past-existing at a given time”.
Perception of time permits the individual to observe the
changes as they are taking place.
I. Line Test:- To explore subjectivities in the perception of several
fundamental temporal units of time like: the life time, the past,
present and future.
II. Circle Test:- is a suitable instrument for measuring temporal
perception, we could use to measure people’s perception of time
- in the sense of their different emphasis on past, present and
V. Mobility: - Mobility has been described as the
speed of transformation of nervous processes, i.e.,
time taken in change of ongoing process. The basic
notion was that, the more mobile the nervous
system, the faster the nervous process is initiated,
develops, irradiates, concentrates and comes to an
VI.Lability: - Lability is a new property derived from
mobility. Lability is a neo-Pavlovian property. It may
be defined as the speed of arousal and termination of
nervous processes, i.e. time taken in initiation and
cessation of any activity.
Life Events: - Psychological preparedness for short term and
specific period like: An Exam, interview, short term journey,
Life Episodes: - Psychological preparedness for long term
with a designated duration (for 10-15 days or more) like:
Training program, a long journey, examination period,
camps, workshop, planning for upcoming events etc. Usually,
the person returns to normal course after the episode.
Life Stages: - Psychological preparedness for long period
like: Permanent job, Marriage, Adulthood, Career shift,
financial investment etc. It is usually marked by a transition
to some stage.
This test battery will take near about 30-45 minutes.
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Psychological Preparedness level