Motivation lm


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Motivation lm

  1. 1. MOTIVATION Dr.L.MishraM.Sc,M.A(Eco,Eng),M.Ed,NET,Ph.D D.LittPGDDE,PGDHE,PGDEA Dip-in-Bengalee
  2. 2. What is Motivation• Willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organizational goals• • Conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual need Motivation• • Thorndike’s (1911) Law of Effort – where past action led to positive consequences, or rewards, individuals will tend to repeat such actions; where past actions led to negative consequences or punishments individuals would tend to avoid repeating them. • H• Hull (1943) • Effort = Drive x Habit x Incentive
  3. 3. • An inferred process within an animal or an individual that causes that organism to move towards a goal
  4. 4. Theories of MotivationNeeds theories Process theories• Maslow’s hierarchy • Expectancy Theory of needs • Goal Setting Theory• Herzberg’s two factor theory
  5. 5. Maslow’s Theory“We each have a hierarchy of needs that rangesfrom "lower" to "higher." As lower needs arefulfilled there is a tendency for other, higherneeds to emerge.”
  6. 6. Maslow’s TheoryMaslow’s theory maintains that a person doesnot feel a higher need until the needs of thecurrent level have been satisfied. Maslowsbasic needs are as follows:
  7. 7. Motivational cycle Need, DriveRelief Instrumental Goal
  8. 8. Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs Self -Actualization Esteem needs Belongingness & love needs Safety needs Physiological needs:
  9. 9. Basic Human Needs • Food • Air • Water • Clothing • SexPhysiological Needs
  10. 10. Safety and Security  Protection  Stability  Pain Avoidance  Routine/OrderSafety Needs
  11. 11. Love and Belonging  Affection  AcceptanceSocial Needs  Inclusion
  12. 12. EsteemEsteem Needs  Self-Respect  Self-Esteem  Respected by Others
  13. 13. Self-Actualization  Achieve full potential  Fulfillment
  14. 14. Meeting Needs in the Classroom As educators, it is our responsibility to meet the five basic levels of needs in the classroom. Implementation strategies include:
  15. 15. Implementing in the ClassroomSelf- Provide challengesActualization Encourage autonomyEsteem Feedback Acknowledge successSocial Introductions Interact with students Inclusive activitiesSafety Maintain a safe and non-threatening atmosphere Create a comfortable environmentPhysiological Room temperature Pacing/Breaks
  16. 16. Summary Self-Actualization Esteem Belonging Safety Physiological
  17. 17. Physiological needs Hunger, thirst etc.,Safety needs To feel secure & safe, out of dangerBelongingness & love needs Affiliate with others, be accepted & belongEsteem needs To achieve, be component, gain approval and belongSelf-actualization needs Self fulfillment & realize one’s potential
  18. 18. If we fulfill our needs at one level,then we can focus on satisfying the need on the next higher level
  19. 19. Self actualized characteristics Perceive reality accurately Tolerate uncertainty Accept oneself without guilt or anxiety Solve problems effectively Possess a strong social awareness Develop meaningful interpersonalrelationships Relatively independent of environment& culture
  20. 20. Self motivation• Do it now• Break up the task into small steps• Don’t wait for mood or inspiration• Start action• Solutions will follow if you try
  21. 21. Motivational strategies Find new skills Develop & train them Get feedback on their performance Expand their ability to work Rotate their work
  22. 22. Motivational techniquesLeads them Real examples are quicker than advice Way to influencing peopleAppeal to benefits Can motivate Mutual benefits to both of youAppeal to emotions People act quickly to emotions Positive manner Sustained by repeated inputsAppeal to needs & wants basic needs satisfaction Creative expression, recognition & challenges & loveAppeal to expertise Abilities enhance his self-worth Put best effort to seek approval
  23. 23. How to achieve successResponsibility –not blaming anythingHard work – ready to work in any timeCharacter – values, beliefs & personality of youRight time- ready to do at right timePersistence- failing also a step to successCreativity – excellence of his effortCommitment – winning edgeLearning - life long processPlanning - exact
  24. 24. Goal-SettingGoals are desired result, purpose, or objectivethat one strives to attainGoals are: Specific Measurable Attainable Relevant/Realistic Time-Oriented Tangible
  25. 25. Types of Goals Short-termA goal that can be achieved in a relative short period of time Ex: To complete the course Long-termA goal that takes a long period of time to achieve Ex: Great success in career
  26. 26. Goal setting and analysis Identify the goal – List all your dreams Prepare a goal statement – Read one hour per day Check your goals harms the interest of anybody Goal is personal, positive, practical, flexiable, timebound and measurable Identify anybody has already achieved success Focus on your most successful moments in life Identify the internal and external obstacles inachieving each goal Con’t
  27. 27. Focus on your most successful moments in life Identify the qualities and behaviour requiredto reach each goal Identify the resources, people, materials andinstitutions help you in achieving goal Prepare a step plan to reach goal Start implementing the plan of action Review the progress Analyse the reasons Start behaving and acting as if you have alreadyachieved your goals
  28. 28. Steps to achieving your goalsYour self in OK stateReally tapping into what really you wantGoal does not depend anyone to achieve itStand in accomplishment - step into timeIf anything would make this more make it nowThink the significant people in your lifeRealisation of this goal – to a higher goalImagine yourself having achieved the goalImagine what you want it to beWilling to commit & to do. Now do it