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  • Present Simple Tense: <br /> <br /> Using the verb ‘be’: <br /> Students will learn to introduce themselves and talk about their daily routine. <br />   <br /> Using the verb ‘do’: <br /> Students will also be able ask and respond to questions. <br />
  • (GlobalTEFL)
  • For example: <br /> • I am Scottish = I’m Scottish. (short form) <br /> • She’s hungry = She is hungry. (long form) <br /> • They are always late = They’re always late (short form) <br /> <br /> <br /> Speaking Activity: Introduce yourself to the class <br /> <br /> Ask students to introduce themselves to the class using and explain their expectations of the course/why they are learning English. <br />   <br />
  • Negative Negative short form I am not I&apos;m not you are not you aren’t he is not he isn&apos;t she is not she isn’t it is not it isn&apos;t we are not we aren&apos;t they are not they aren&apos;t For example: • I’m not cold. • He isn’t from Spain. • We aren’t at home. Lesson Plan (Introduction)
  • Yes / No Questions am I ? are you ? is he ? is she ? is it ? are we ? are they ? For example: • Am I next in the queue? • Are you from Tokyo? • Is he at the library at the moment? Lesson Plan (Presentation)Step 3Source: BBC Languages
  • ‘The world&apos;s most widely spoken languages by number of native speakers and as a second language, according to figures from UNESCO (The United Nations’ Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), are: Mandarin Chinese, English, Spanish, Hindi, Arabic, Bengali, Russian, Portuguese, Japanese, German and French.’ (bbc.co.uk)Refer to List of Countries, Nationalities and their Languages handout)Lesson Plan (Presentation)Step 3 - Simple present tense with &apos;be’
  • http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/frage.htmIn any learning environment an important first step is establishing ground rules by outlining basic expectations for students.Common ground rules include equity, diversity, and social justice.You can use this A3 poster for displaying ground rules in the classroom. The poster may serve only as a starting point when creating ground rules for your own learning environment.Lesson Plan (Presentation)Step 3 - Simple present tense with &apos;be’
  • (EnglishHilfen)
  • (EnglishHilfen)
  • In each of these sentences, the subject is a noun: hawk, widows, daughter, and children. The verbs in the first two sentences--soars, weep--show action and answer the question, "What does the subject do?" The verbs in the last two sentences--is, are--are called linking verbs because they link the subject with a word that renames it (wrestler) or describes it (tired).(About.com)
  • Vocabulary:a five o&apos;clock shadow:is a kind of beard or moustache (but not a full beard or moustache) that a man gets if he doesn&apos;t shave for a day or two matronly (adj):an older woman who is plump bald (adj):a person with no hair. A person can have a shaved head if s/he is bald or if s/he has hair but chooses to shave it offextroverted (adj):a confident person who enjoys being with other people
  • Http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks3/maths/shape_space/3d_shapes/revision/2/What Questions What am I like? What are you like? What is he/she/it like? What are we/they like?
  • (EnglischHilfen)
  • What Questions What do I/you look like? What does/he/she/it look like?
  • (EnglischHilfen)
  • ac·quire  /əˈkwī(ə)r/VerbBuy or obtain (an asset or object) for oneself.Learn or develop (a skill, habit, or quality).Synonymsobtain - get - gain - win - procure - take - earn
  • (EnglischHilfen)
  • (EnglischHilfen)
  • Write a personal profile for a CV.
  • Practice at home by completing the exercises, worksheets and quizzes
  • Practice at home by completing the exercises, worksheets and quizzes

Present tense   introductions Present tense introductions Presentation Transcript

  • Introductions: Describing yourself and others Simple Present Tense
  • Lesson Aims & Objectives Lois Dalphinis 2013 1. Students will learn how to use:  Two Parts of Speech - Nouns and Verbs. 2. Students will learn how to form:  The Simple Present Tense  By the end of the lesson, learners will be able to: 1. Introduce and describe themselves and others. 2. Talk about their daily routine.
  • Simple Present  Meaning: We use the simple present to describe facts, habits, and recurring actions or situations. Examples:  I work in Rome.  I walk the dog everyday.  She goes to the gym three times a week “Hello! Hi, Nice to meet you!” We spend a lot of our time with and around people; meeting new colleges, catching up with friends and family.. Knowing how to introduce yourself well at an interview or describing people and places, are all part of good communication and relating to the world around you. Formula - subject + verb Key Time Expressions - every, usually, sometimes, often, frequently, never, now, always, after, when, as soon as,
  • Parts of Speech Nouns point out or name people, places, things, ideas or qualities.  Common The name of a thing. It represents one of a type of thing or all of the group. When used in a sentence it will have “the”, “a” or “an” in front of it. (a cat, an elephant, a book, a library)  Proper Things that have a clear individual identity; they are one of a kind. (Melissa, London, Cinderella, King Kong, Disney Land)  Countable Things that can become plural. (snakes, toads, chairs, tables, doors, handles)  Uncountable Things that can't become plural. (laughter, cutlery, people, furniture, anger)  Concrete Things that can be observed by at least one of the senses. (grapes, perfume, velvet, sand)  Abstract Things that can't be observed by the senses. (hatred, love, jealousy, hope) In a sentence the noun is referred to as the subject of the sentence.
  • Simple Present: To Be
  • Lois Dalphinis 2013
  •  Present Simple tense with the verb ‘be’ Use:  am with the personal pronoun I.  is with the personal pronouns he, she or it.  are with the personal pronouns we, you or they. For the negative, you only add ‘not’ pronoun affirmative negative question I I am. I am not. Am I? he/she/it He is. He is not. Is he? you/we/they You are. You are not. Are you? audio lesson
  • List of Countries, Nationalities and their Languages COUNTRY NATIONALITY LANGUAGE China Chinese Mandarin England English English Spain Spanish Spanish India Indian Hindi Egypt Egyptian Arabic Note: The countries shown are not the only place where these languages are spoken The world's most widely spoken languages by number of native speakers and as a second language, according to figures from UNESCO.
  • Countries and Nationalities We introduce ourselves to others using our name. We can also tell others our Nationality. The country where we were born describes our nationality. For example: “I was born in England” - England is the country - “I am English” - English is the nationality - Where you are born is sometimes called your place of birth, or country of origin.
  • Wh Questions - be To make a ‘wh’ question, put the question word at the front: for example: • Where are you from? • Who is that girl? • Why are they still at work? Wh Questions Where am I? What are you? Why is he? Who is she? When are we? Where are they....? Where is he/she....? How are they?
  • Questions and short answers - be Question word Verb Rest Answer Where are you from? I’m from Barcelona What is your name? My name is Peter. How are Pat and Sue? They’re fine.
  • Yes/No questions - be  Subject and verb change their position in statement and question. NOTE: If the answer is “Yes” we always use the long form. Example: Yes I am. If the answer is “No”, we either use the long form or the contracted form (short form). Example: No, I am not – No, I’m not. statement You are from Germany. question Are you from Germany? Can you write the examples in short form?
  • Questions and Statements Table Are you from Germany? Yes, I am. No, I am not. ‘m not. Is he your friend? Yes, he is. No, is not. isn’t. Are Peter and John from England? Yes, they are. No, are not. aren’t.
  • Formal and Informal Long Form Short Form  Statements are generally used for formal situations.  Statements are generally used for informal situations. The Present Simple Tense Positive Positive Short Form I am I’m you are You’re he is He’s she is she’s it is it’s we are we’re they are they’re
  • Subjects, Verbs and Objects The basic parts of a sentence are the subject and the verb. The subject is usually a noun-- a word that names a person, place, or thing. The predicate (a phrase containing the verbs) usually follows the subject and identifies an action or a state of being. See if you can identify the subject and the predicate in each of the following short sentences: • The hawk soars. • The widows weep. • My daughter is a wrestler. • The children are tired. For additional practice in recognizing these key elements in a sentence, see Exercises in Identifying Subjects and Verbs.
  • Describing people  To talk about physical characteristics you can use: have got + (adjective) + noun Verb Adjective + noun Have got I’ve got Hazel eyes He’s got A shaved head She’s got gorgeous black hair You’ve got A five o’clock shadow We’ve got Green eyes They’ve got long legs
  • Describing people  To ask about someone's personality you can use: be + like? Verb Like? To be am I like? are you is she/she/it are we are they
  • Describing people  To talk about people's appearance or personality you can use: be + adjective Verb Adjective To be I’m slim He’s well-built She’s matronly You’re handsome We’re extroverted They’re shy
  • Examples Describing people • Gender Male/Female • Characteristics: height, hair colour, Nationality • Occupation / job He is a His hair is Policeman Brown Fireman Grey Doctor Black He is a His hair is Policeman Brown Fireman Grey Doctor Black As a group, these professionals are know as the Emergency Services. Police, Ambulance and Fire Service am with the personal pronoun I & are with the personal pronouns we, you or they.
  • Simple Present: To Do
  • Parts of Speech Verbs describe the state of being of a subject. It can also be used to describe or to show physical or mental action. admire admit advise bake balance belong calculate call comb dance decorate delight educate employ encourage fancy fit follow
  • Pre - Teach  Present Simple tense with the verb ‘do’ The verb to do is a common verb in English. It is often used in questions.* It can be used as an auxiliary or a main verb*. question affirmative negative Am I? I am. I am not. Is he? He is. He is not. Are you? You are. You are not. Pronoun Present I / you / we / they do He / she / it does
  • QUESTION POSSIBLE ANSWERS What do you do? I'm a student. I'm an architect. I'm a trainee architect. I'm looking for work. I'm on a career break. I'm a volunteer. I'm a housewife. / I'm a househusband. I'm a pensioner. / I'm retired. What does he / she do? He / She's a student. He / She's an architect. He / She's a trainee architect. He / She's looking for work. He / She's on a career break. He / She's a volunteer. He / She's a housewife. / He / She's a househusband. He / She's a pensioner. / He / She's retired. What do we / they do? We / They are students. We / They are architects. We / They are trainee architects. We / They are looking for work. We / They are on a career break. We / They are volunteers. We / They are housewives. / We / They are househusbands. We / They are pensioners. / We / They are retired. The most common question using ‘do’ that you will probably hear whilst learning English is: "What do you do?" The person asking simply wants to know what you do for a living.
  • Simple Present: To Have and to Have Not
  • Irregular verbs Verbs which are irregular in the present simple:  'have' becomes 'has'  'do' becomes 'does'  'go' becomes 'goes‘ Questions 1. Does she/he/it have...? 2. What does he/she/it do? 3. Does the tune go like this...? Answer 1. Yes, she/he/it does have... 2. I don’t know what he/she/it does. 3. No, the tune goes like this...
  • Describing people  Some adjectives have a negative connotation (or feeling) and some are more neutral To ask about someone's appearance you can use: do + look like? Negative Neutral fat plump or large skinny slim spinster single Verb Look like? To do do I look like? do you does she/she/it do they
  • Questions with question words in the Simple Present Question word Auxiliary Subjec t Verb Rest Answer What do you play on your computer? I play games on my computer. When does your mother go to work? She goes to work at 6 o’clock. Where do you meet your friends? I meet tem at the bus stop.
  • Simple Present: To Have
  • Present Simple tense with the verb ‘have’  Have is one of the most common verbs in the English language. It functions in various ways.  When you are talking about actions, you only use "have". * For example “I have my breakfast in the kitchen”  As a main verb “to have” implies the meaning of possession. For example: “I have a job.” Have does not take the continuous form "I having" - for that you have to use the auxiliary verb be. * e.g. “I am / I’m having” question affirmative negative Do I? I do I do not Does he/she/it? He/She/It does He/She/It does not Do you? You do You do not Pronoun Present I / you / we / they have he / she / it has The verb ‘have’ is often used in questions to acquire knowledge or information.
  • Yes/No Questions and short answers - have Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/N o Subjec t Auxiliary (+n’t) Have you got a cat? Yes, I have. Have you got a new car? No, we haven’t. Has your brother got a bike? Yes, he has. Do you have a cat? Yes, I do. Do you have a new car? No, we don’t. Does your brother have a bike? Yes, he does.
  • Questions with question words - have Question word Auxiliary Subjec t Verb Rest Answer Where have you got your ruler? I’ve got my ruler in my pencil case. Where do have have your ruler? I have my ruler in my pencil case.
  • Tenses
  • Personal Profile Preparing for the world of work
  • Daily routines  Make a list of the things you do every day as a routine: My Daily Routine  I read a newspaper every day.  I have breakfast at 7.  I go to work at 9.  I have lunch at 12.  I go home at 5.  I watch TV before dinner.  ________________________________________  ________________________________________  ________________________________________  ________________________________________  ________________________________________  ________________________________________
  • Personal Profile Name: Age: Nationality: Occupation: Skills:  ____________________________ ___  ____________________________ ___  ____________________________ ___  ____________________________ ___
  • Extension Activities Questions and exercises
  • Present Simple – exercises, games and worksheets  Positive and negative question worksheet  Question forms & subject/object questions  Verb to be review and exercise  Present Simple Quiz  Daily Routine – Vocabulary Exercise (Level A1/A2)  Jobs – Vocabulary Exercise (Level A1/A2) Review  Present Simple Forms