““Green energy” vs Future energyGreen energy” vs Future energy
International practice in energy efficiency and power savin...
1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-5...
US National Engineering Academy and US National Science Foundation
made the list of the main engineering problems of the X...
Earth’s population
Population of Earth is
about 7 billion inhabitants
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office...
Power consumption
Power consumption
constantly grows and now
exceeds
1313 billion tonnes of oilbillion tonnes of oil
eqeq....
Comparative scale of anthropogenic energy
production
The average muscular capacity of a person is 100…150100…150 WW//perso...
Structure of global energy consumption
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, ...
GDP power intensity
Power consumption for gross domestic
product of different countries, toe/$1,000
(source: KEY WORLD ENE...
Earth power resources
Apart from fossil fuels, humanity has
large resources for nuclear powernuclear power
(fission and fu...
“Green energy”: 180M Google’s links
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax...
1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-5...
1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-5...
1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-5...
1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-5...
1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-5...
Renewable energy – innovation in the energy
sector
Advantages of Renewable Energy
- wide range of sources for
renewable en...
Renewable energy – innovation in the energy
sector
Disadvantage of Renewable
Energy:
-A higher price per unit of energy
(2...
Sources of renewable energy – innovation in the
energy sector
Status and trends in renewable energy around the
globe
Inves...
Smart Grid: ENEL’s vision
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495)...
Smart Grid: ENEL’s vision
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495)...
Smart Grid: RWE’s vision
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) ...
Smart Grid: RWE’s vision
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) ...
Smart Grid: Siemens’s vision
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (4...
Research on renewable energy sources is rewarded
with the Global Energy International Prize in Russia
121069, Moscow, Stol...
“Green” Research on renewable energy is rewarded
with the Global Energy International Prize
121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereul...
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Global energy prize presentation in Strelka university

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Global energy prize presentation in Strelka university

  1. 1. ““Green energy” vs Future energyGreen energy” vs Future energy International practice in energy efficiency and power savingInternational practice in energy efficiency and power saving II..MM.. Lobovsky, “Lobovsky, “Global Energy” International Prize FoundationGlobal Energy” International Prize Foundation
  2. 2. 1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Igor Lobovskiy. Short introduction. Education PhD in Sociology Duke University, North Carolina, USA, Senior Management Program Polytechnic University, Coventry, UK, International Management Practice State Academy of Foreigh Trade, Russia, International cooperation specialist Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, Engineer in electric communications Experience Chief Operating Officer, Nonprofit organization, “Global Energy Fund”, GR, PR and energy fields Executive Director, IMA Consulting, Moscow, PR and GR field Director General, Executive Director, Vice- Director General, Commercial Director, Board Member, Comstar, Moscow, telecommunication field Head of the International Department , Assistant to the Director General, Head of the Production Unit, Head of the Bureau, Senior Engineer, Engineer, Moscow City Telephone Network (MGTS), Moscow
  3. 3. US National Engineering Academy and US National Science Foundation made the list of the main engineering problems of the XXI century: 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org 1. Increase the efficiency of solar cell panels 2. Go to the uranium into hydrogen 3. Decide what to do with CO2 4. Reduce emissions of nitrogen 5. Provide access to clean water 6. Rebuild the infrastructure of large cities 7. Go to e-medicine 8. Create personalized medicine 9. Construct an artificial analog of the brain 10. Develop protection against nuclear terrorism 11. Securing the Internet 12. Decide what to do with virtual reality 13. Go to personal education 14. Re-equip science
  4. 4. Earth’s population Population of Earth is about 7 billion inhabitants 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Growth of world population Billions of inhabitants Billions of inhabitants Developing countries Developed countries
  5. 5. Power consumption Power consumption constantly grows and now exceeds 1313 billion tonnes of oilbillion tonnes of oil eqeq././yearyear or on average ≈≈ 22 tonnes of oiltonnes of oil eqeq././personperson//yearyear or ≈≈ 33 kWkW//personperson 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org First wave in development of world power industry Power consumption Fuel wood and wastes Coal Oil Gas Hydropower Nuclear power Renewable energy
  6. 6. Comparative scale of anthropogenic energy production The average muscular capacity of a person is 100…150100…150 WW//personperson Taking into account various energy sources of power available to an individual has increased 3030 timestimes (3(3 kWkW//personperson)), and in developed countries – hundreds of times Solar energy on the Earth’s surface (excluding atmosphere is 1.4 kW/m2 ) – 173173,,000000 TWTW (173(173,,10121012 kWkW)) or on average 2525 mWmW//personperson Energy demands by the Earth’s population amounts to ≈ 1/10≈ 1/10,,000000 of the solar energy reaching Earth. Furthermore, energy demands have reached nearlynearly 50%50% of the energy created by photosynthesisof the energy created by photosynthesis (≈ 40(≈ 40 TWTW),), providing for life on Earth which is beginning to be negatively reflected in the environment 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Growth of world population Billions of inhabitants Billions of inhabitants Developed countries Developing countries First wave in development of world power industry Fuel wood and wastes Coal Oil Gas Hydropower Nuclear power Renewable energy
  7. 7. Structure of global energy consumption 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Change in structure of global energy consumption World energy balance Biomass Coal Oil Gas Hydropower Nuclear power New renewable energy sources Nuclear power plants Gas Oil Renewable energy sources, 8% RES Coal Hydropower, 15% Biomass, 77% Wood, 87% Municipal and Industrial waste Agricultural waste
  8. 8. GDP power intensity Power consumption for gross domestic product of different countries, toe/$1,000 (source: KEY WORLD ENERGY STATISTICS, IEA, 2009) It should be borne in mind that such indicators reflect the country’s energy efficiency only indirectly. To ascertain the potential improvement to energy efficiency detailed analysis of the economic structure, foreign trade balance, climatic and geographical features, comparative study of power process efficiency and balances in separate economic sectors and regions. 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org W hole w orld China Developed countries (O ECD) Great Britain Japan Germ any France USA Canada Russia Ukraine Belarus Kazakhstan Brazil India GDPpowerintensity,toe/$1,000 China
  9. 9. Earth power resources Apart from fossil fuels, humanity has large resources for nuclear powernuclear power (fission and fusion) and renewablerenewable energy sourcesenergy sources ((RESRES)) at its disposal. A revival in nuclear power is expected (with certain constraints) while practical use of renewable sources of energy is gaining momentum. 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org MODERN POWER CONSUMPTION AND POWER RESOURCES World power consumption Oil Gas Uranium Coal Wind Hydropower Photosynthesis Annual influx of solar energy
  10. 10. “Green energy”: 180M Google’s links 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Lighthouse Stadium is a Glowing Green-Roofed Beacon Nokia Concept Phone Charges in Your Pocket Google Invests in Shweeb's Peddle-Powered Bike Monorail | Inhabitat - Green Design Will Save the World
  11. 11. 1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Renewable energy sources: rhetoric and reality The change to green power is often seen as the main way of improving the planet’s environment. Governments of developed countries have adopted regulatory programs to develop green power production and are spending billion dollar budgets to implement these policies. Special tariffs and “green certificate” programs are being introduced to attract investment in the industry which enable suppliers and consumers of such energy to enjoy incentives and additional profits. Green architecture is a way to improve efficiency in power consumption.
  12. 12. 1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Renewable energy sources: rhetoric and reality By the beginning of 2008, 43 countries had plans to change to renewable sources of energy. Countries eager to cast off their dependence on fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal) plan to produce 5- 30% of their electricity using hydro, solar, wind and biomass technologies by 2011. Austria is the most ambitious in this respect (by 2010, it plans to produce 78% of its power using renewable energy), followed by Sweden (60%) and Latvia (49,3%).
  13. 13. 1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Desertec project «Within 6 hours deserts receive more energy from the sun than humankind consumers within a year». Dr. Gerhard Knies Under the DESERTEC proposal, concentrating solar power systems, PV systems and wind parks would be located on 6,500 square miles (17,000 km2) in the Sahara Desert.
  14. 14. 1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Aquamarine Power and Queen's University Belfast teamed up to develop the Oyster hydro-electric wave energy converter. The first 315kW Oyster 1 was grid- connected at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in Orkney, Scotland in 2009. The next-generation 2.5MW Oyster 2 is scheduled for installation at EMEC in 2011. Aquamarine's wave energy device
  15. 15. 1. Земля как объект антропогенной энергетики 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org The aim of the renewal project is to reduce fossil-fuel based energy consumption to zero, and thereby eliminate all carbon-dioxide emissions. Two strategies have been adopted: minimize energy demand and make use of local energy resources. The most advanced techniques and technologies will be called into use to fulfil the most demanding aesthetic, functional and comfort requirements while relying purely on solar and geothermal energy to meet all its needs. Zero Emission Center (Hungary)
  16. 16. Renewable energy – innovation in the energy sector Advantages of Renewable Energy - wide range of sources for renewable energy, - sources of renewable energy exceed regional demands by many times, - more or less uniform distribution across the globe and all-pervasive presence of various types of renewable energy, - renewable nature of the resources, - environmental cleanness: no emissions, no thermal pollution of planet 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org ВИЭ солнечного происхождения Solarpower RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES (RES) RES of solar origin Windpower Biomasspower Minorriverpower Seawavepower Geothermalenergy Tidalpower Low-gradeheat Others
  17. 17. Renewable energy – innovation in the energy sector Disadvantage of Renewable Energy: -A higher price per unit of energy (2- 3); - Limited range of equipment manufacturers; - Voltage fluctuations due to uneven solar, wind, water activity; - A huge role of the state as an enabling authority; - Protectionism: RES evolve from a taxes of hydrocarbons. - For Russia: wear state grid is min. 65%. 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org ВИЭ солнечного происхождения Solarpower RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES (RES) RES of solar origin Windpower Biomasspower Minorriverpower Seawavepower Geothermalenergy Tidalpower Low-gradeheat Others
  18. 18. Sources of renewable energy – innovation in the energy sector Status and trends in renewable energy around the globe Investment in renewable energy in 2008 came to $120B. In 2009: China – $34.6B, USA – $18.6B, Germany - $12B The established capacity of electricity generators using renewable sources of energy (excluding large scale hydro-electric stations) by the end of 2008 was more than 280 GW (> 5% of the total capacity of all electricity generators around the world, > 3.5% of the global electricity production and > 25% of the electricity generated by all of the nuclear power stations around the world. In April 2009 generation from renewable energy exceeded that of nuclear power stations for the first time. 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org W hole w orld Developing countries EU-27 China USA G erm any India Spain Japan PV converters Geothermal PP Biomass Small Hydro PP Wind GW
  19. 19. Smart Grid: ENEL’s vision 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org
  20. 20. Smart Grid: ENEL’s vision 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org
  21. 21. Smart Grid: RWE’s vision 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org
  22. 22. Smart Grid: RWE’s vision 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org
  23. 23. Smart Grid: Siemens’s vision 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org
  24. 24. Research on renewable energy sources is rewarded with the Global Energy International Prize in Russia 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org Global Energy International Prize has been awarded to 22 winners from 9 countries since 2003. 14 people (64%) have received it for their research in renewable energy sources.
  25. 25. “Green” Research on renewable energy is rewarded with the Global Energy International Prize 121069, Moscow, Stolovy pereulok, building 4, office 2, Phone: +7 (495) 739-54-35, Fax: +7 (495) 690-24-98; Web site: www.globalenergyprize.org; e-mail: info@ge-prize.org 2006. ITER Project. E.Velikhov (Russia), M.Yoshikawa (Japan), R.Aimar (France). 2007. Hydrogen Energy. T.Sigfusson (Iceland). 2008. Computational heat mass exchange B.Spalding (UK) 2009. Artificial Oil. E.Volkov (Russia), C.Bowman (Canada) 2010. Pipeline Transport of Energy Sources. B.Paton (Ukraine)

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