BUMEDINST 6280.1A MANAGEMENT OF INFECTIOUS WASTE

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Enlisted Advancement Program E4 to E5, BUMEDINST 6280.1A presented by HM1 (SW/AW) A. Saunders

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BUMEDINST 6280.1A MANAGEMENT OF INFECTIOUS WASTE

  1. 1. MANAGEMENT OF INFECTIOUS WASTE BUMEDINST 6280.1A
  2. 2.  I am HM1 Saunders. The LPO for MCI. Been in the Navy 9 years going on 10. I can be reached at antoinette.saunders@med.navy.mil
  3. 3. 1. Purpose: To provide minimal standards for the management of infectious waste at Navy medical and dental treatment facilities 2. Background: Waste from patients diagnosis, treatment, or immunization may be subdivided into two categories: Infectious and noninfectious waste.
  4. 4.  Exposure to infectious waste that could result in disease is more likely to occur in occupational settings that generate, transport, store, treat, or dispose of potentially infectious materials.
  5. 5. Noninfectious waste:  Items determined to be noninfectious waste can be treated as general waste, using accepted methods of collection, storage, transport, and disposal  Examples are: personal hygiene products such as diapers, facial tissue, and sanitary napkins. Absorbent materials, not including waste from isolation rooms, containing very small amounts of blood or other body fluids.
  6. 6.  What is the purpose of the infectious waste instruction?
  7. 7.  The purpose of this instruction is to provide minimal standard for the management of Infectious waste and Navy Medical and Dental treatment facilities.
  8. 8. Infectious waste:  Infectious waste is liquid or solid waste containing pathogens in sufficient numbers and of sufficient virulence. Examples are:  Sharps, including hyperemic needles, syringes, scalpel blades, suture needles, pasteur pipettes, specimen slides, cover slips, glass petri plates, and broken glass contaminated with potentially infectious material.  Microbiology wastes from cultures and stocks containing microbes that, due to their species, type, virulence, or concentration are known to cause disease in humans.  Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious body fluids including semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid, amniotic fluid, and etc. Pathological wastes, including human tissue and organs, amputated limbs or other body parts
  9. 9.  What are some examples of infectious waste?
  10. 10.  Some examples of infectious waste are: hyperemic needles, syringes, scalpel blades, suture needles, pipettes, specimen slides, cover slips, glass plates
  11. 11. Segregation:  Separate infectious waste from noninfectious waste at its POINT OF ORIGIN. Infectious waste shall be placed in containers labeled with universal biohazard symbol and word ”BIOHARZARD” or be red in color.  Plastic bags should be sufficient quality and thickness so that only one bag is needed for most situations. Bags shall be labeled or color coded (RED!!!)  Place sharps into rigid, puncture resistant sharps containers which are labeled or color coded. Never clip, cut, bend, or recap needles or overfill containers. Sharps containers need to be replaced when 75% filled
  12. 12. Packing and Handling:  Sharps containers shall be placed in a second container plastic bag or rigid box) which is labeled or color coded  Minimize human exposure to infectious waste during transport to treatment or storage areas  Place all anatomical pathology waste into double-wall boxes or rigid containers that are double-lined with plastic bags  Blood, suctioned fluids, or other potentially infectious waste may be decanted into clinical sinks (not hand washing sinks) unless this practice is prohibited by State or local regulations  Bulk blood and other potentially infectious liquid waste which cannot be safely decanted (e.g., pleurovacs and hemovacs) shall be placed into rigid containers that are double-lined with plastic bags for transport and incineration
  13. 13.  Storage: Limit storage without refrigeration to 7 days, except in States with stricter requirements  The universal biohazard symbol and the word “BIOHARZARD” shall be clearly visible on the outside of the storage area  Transporting: Place infectious waste into rigid, leak-proof containers before transporting off-site.  Training: All employees with occupational exposure to infectious waste shall receive training at the time of initial assignment to task an annually thereafter
  14. 14. Please contact me if you have any questions or would like more advancement information via email antoinette.saunders@med.navy.mil or 757-953-4462.

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