• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Theme 4 Part 1

Theme 4 Part 1






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Theme 4 Part 1 Theme 4 Part 1 Presentation Transcript

    • French in North America
      Lindsey Miller
      History 140
    • American Colonies: Ch 5 – Canada and Iroquoia
      • 16th Century
      • French, English, and Dutch mariners want to settle near New Spain
      • Difficult task with Spanish watching and defending land
      • French decide to settle in North America
      • Safer, but less desirable
      • Main commodities: Fish and fur trade
      • Indians divided into two categories: Iroquoian and Algonquian
    • American Colonies: Ch 5 – Canada and Iroquoia
      Fur Trade
      Fishery employees begin trading manufactured good for furs with local Indians
      Indians initially view trades as a sign of alliance and friendship
      Begin negotiating
      Liked European goods for utility
      Became dependant on these goods, forgot how to make stone tools and weapons
      Some traders became stuck, could not cease trading since it would end alliance with Indians
      Beaver fur was one of the primary furs traded
    • American Colonies: Ch 5 – Canada and Iroquoia
      The Five Nations
      • Group of Iroquoian Indians
      • Practiced “mourning wars” – Would take hostages from other tribes
      • Seen as a violent, never-ending cycle
      • Great Leagues was formed to try and promote calm and peaceful think
      • Refocused anger and war towards farther enemies
      • Including other Iroquoian-speaking nations
      • In 1633-35 small pox and measles depleted half of the Iroquois population
      • Believed it was sorcery and sought revenge
      • Every attack resulted in a counter-attack
      • Resulting in more death and lower populations
    • American Colonies: Ch 5 – Canada and Iroquoia
      French missionaries came up with the Counter-Reformation
      A movement meant to stem and reverse the growth of Protestantism
      1615- French first attempt to evangelize the Indians
      Not very successful
      Only baptized 50 men over 10 years
      Jesuits came in 1625
      Mastered natives’ language, built churches in the village
      Very focused on their mission of converting the Indians – this impressed the Indians
      Natives converted, but did not fully assimilate or accept the beliefs
      Natives did not believe in Heaven or Hell
      Still regarded shamans as powerful and real since they had the power to heal and harm
    • American Colonies: French America, 1650-1750
      • French crown ordered the Company of New France to recruit more people
      • Stimulated growth by paying for transatlantic passages
      • Many men would only stay for short terms, eventually returning to France
      • Those who did emigrated improved their status and standard of living
      • Ate meat and white bread often
      • Allowed to fish and hunt (not something one could do in France)
      • Paid less for rent
      • First farm families were formed
      • Brought by seigneurs
      • Initiated modest growth
      • The “habitats” introduced crops of wheat and small herds of livestock
    • American Colonies: Ch 16 – French America 1650-1750
      Upper Country
      • Vast interior of forest and lakes
      • Area of mostly trade
      • Area found balance with Indians
      • Missions allowed a reasonable amount of Indian culture alongside that of Catholicism
      • Based alliance of mutual accommodations
      • Neither group dominated the other
      • “Middle Ground”
      • Balance of Indians and French living together
      • Demanded constant attention and generosity from French
      • Otherwise trust and alliance would be lost
      • French needed Indians for trade and help in battle
    • American Colonies: Ch 16- French America, 1650-1750
      Louisiana founded
      Trade more important here than converting the natives
      Divided into two landscapes
      Small plantation core – where settlers lived
      Treated natives poorly
      Immense hinterland – where Indians thrived
      French here cultivated natives as allies
      English and French competed for influence over Indians
      Expensive, due to so many groups of Indians and French having to provide gifts to chiefs to obtain influence
      French decided they must be selective, only befriend certain tribes
      King Louis XIV in which Louisiana was named after by La Salle
    • American Colonies: Ch 16 French America, 1650-1750
      Petite Nations
      Group of various Indian tribes
      Provided French with food
      Were betrayed by French
      Once the French gained numbers and strength attempted to control the Petite Nations
      Petite Nations forced to accept French domination due to low populations from disease
      One group – the Natchez had an uprising
      Killed over 200 French, absorbed 200 black slaves as allies, and took 50 women and children as captives
      Were defeated by French allying with Choctaw
      Demonstrated the French dependence on Indians for aid
      Both Indians and French dependant on each other
      Forced French to always keep alliance with at least some tribes