Jesuit relations
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Jesuit relations

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Jesuit relations Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Jesuit Relations
    Lindsey Miller
  • 2. Introduction
    The Jesuits were avid bookkeepers and reporters
    They kept annual records of their French missionaries that were highly detailed
    These records included descriptions and reports of:
    Progress, epidemics, outbreaks of war
    Also descriptions of customs, habits, and cultures of the various native nations
    These documents are considered some of the most important set of materials detailing the 17th century encounter
  • 3. Introduction
    Every Jesuit was a college professor at some point in their career – this allowed them to have great skills at teaching
    They desired to conquer the secular world
    Created devotional societies for laypeople
    Preached to illiterate
    Gave spiritual advice to kings
    Were able to make conversions all over the world including Asia, China, India, and of course the New World
  • 4. Ch 1 – Montagnais Hunters
    Father Le Jeuna wrote the earliest published Jesuit Relations
    He decided to follow a Montagnais band on their hunt and learn more about them
    Overall while he tried to maintain the European mind frame of superiority he found it difficult to confront the Indians on their way of life
  • 5. Ch 1- Montagnais Hunters
    Described their hunting traditions, and how the tribe contributed to the hunt
    Noted their cultures and beliefs –
    Such as their belief that Atahocam created the world
    Occasionally questioned the natives on these beliefs
    Also noted positive things about the Indians
    Said they had physical advantages
    Good quality of mind
    States the Indians to not get angry
    Patient
    Attached to their tribes and family, and cooperate admirably
  • 6. Ch 4 – Diplomacy and War
    The Jesuits often had to work in a environment of tension and war due to the on-going conflicts between the natives and Europeans
    These wars and conflicts were detailed in the Jesuit Relations
    Jesuit Relations also documents, speeches, battle anecdotes, and captivity stories
    French though did not come to America as Christian conquerors
  • 7. Ch 4 – Diplomacy and War
    Jesuit Relations also noted truces and times of peace
    Such as the times of truce between the Iroquois and northern nations such
    Also described the tradition of gift presenting in native ceremonies: usually of wampum/belt
    One writing details the attack Iroquois on the Huron in 1649
    Iroquois attacked Huron by surprise
    Huron nation eventually collapsed after the attack of the Iroquois
    Many Huron converted and followed the Jesuits
  • 8. Ch 6 – Missions to the Iroquois
    Jesuits desired to convert the Iroquois people
    Mohawks would come to be the most predominate among the “mission Indians”
    Iroquois and French finally established peace which allowed for more conversion
    With the peace, Iroquois had to accept Christian missionaries in their villages
  • 9. Ch 6- Mission to the Iroquois
    Jesuits would keep track of the conversions and progress
    As with the documents of Jean Pierron describing his mission work
    Detailed number of persons he had baptized
    His efforts to help the natives give up their “bad habits”
    Wanted to make use of reading and writing– so began teaching the natives
    And success of conversion such as elders leading the youth into the chapel
    Other Jesuit missionaries noted changes as well and success
    Father Claude Chauchetiere noted intense religious activity
    Such as women devoting themselves to a life of charity and prayer
  • 10. Ch 8 – Exploring the Mississippi
    Jesuits occasionally joined voyages to scout for potential new mission fields
    French wanted to establish a presence along the Mississippi
    One expedition made it from the top of Lake Michigan to where Arkansas and Louisiana now meet
    Jesuits would establish missions among the Illinois
  • 11. Ch 8 – Exploring the Mississippi
    Jacques Marquette – famous missionary-explorer- wrote a passage for the Jesuit Relations that follows the journey
    Detailed the start of the expedition
    Interactions with the natives
    First encounter was with the Menominees
    Along the journey signs of their success could be seen such as a cross being displayed among the Maskoutens
    Customs of these natives
    Writing of the journey also allow for a better understanding of the landscape of the time