Cerebral Palsy Slide

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  • Cerebral Palsy Slide

    1. 1. BY: Lisa Hodge
    2. 2. <ul><li>Have you ever heard a family member talk about your first step or the first word you spoke? </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>For children with cerebral palsy, taking a first step or saying a first word is not as easy. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>That’s because Cerebral Palsy is a condition that can affect the things that children do everyday. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Cerebral Palsy is a term used to describe disorders of movement that result from injury to the brain. It is a problem of muscle coordination. The muscles themselves are not effected but the brain is unable to send the appropriate signals necessary to instruct the muscles when to contract or relax. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Cerebral Palsy can be caused by numerous problems occurring in the prenatal period, prematurity, labor and delivery complication in the newborn period due to genetic or chromosomal abnormality to the brain may not develop in the typical way. </li></ul><ul><li>Some environmental factors such as drugs metabolic problems, and placental dysfunction may also lead to CP. Previously it was thought that most infants with cerebral palsy had brain injury because of difficulties during labor and delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>Today only, a small portion of children who are later diagnosed to have CP had birth injuries or oxygen deprivation during delivery. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Spastic cerebral palsy </li></ul><ul><li>Athetotic cerebral palsy </li></ul><ul><li>Ataxic cerebral palsy </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Most children with cerebral palsy have spastic cerebral palsy. This form of the condition causes muscles to stiffen, which makes movement difficult. It can affect both legs, or it can affect one side of the body. In the most severe cases, all four limbs and the trunk are affected. </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>About one in five people with cerebral palsy have this form, which is also referred to as extrapyramidal cerebral palsy. It affects the entire body and often causes uncontrolled, slow movements. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>This is the least common of the major types of cerebral palsy. It affects balance and coordination. </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Foster your child's independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage any effort at independence, no matter how small. Just because you can do something faster and quicker doesn't mean you should. </li></ul><ul><li>Be an advocate for your child. </li></ul><ul><li>You are an important part of your child's health care team. Don't be afraid to speak out on your child's behalf or to ask tough questions of your physicians, therapists and teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>Find support. </li></ul><ul><li>As a parent, you may feel grief and guilt over your child's disability. Your doctor can help you locate support groups, organizations and counseling services in your community. Your child may benefit from family support programs, school programs and counseling. </li></ul>

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