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  • 1. Who Rules? Forms of Government
  • 2. Forms of Government When people decide to form the social contracts that we call governments, they make many different decisions about how their government will look. President or King? Rule by few or rule by all? Hold elections? Where do the rulers get their power?
  • 3. Democracy Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens , either directly or through their elected representatives. There are two kinds of Democracies … Direct! Representative!
  • 4. Direct Democracy
    • All citizens participate in government.
    • All citizens can create public policy if they want to.
    • Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws.
    • There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything!
  • 5. Representative Democracy
    • Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government
    • People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens
    • Representatives answer to the people through regular elections
    • Representatives are also usually held accountable by a constitution
  • 6. Fill in the blanks to review DEMOCRACY !
  • 7. The two forms of democracy are __________ and ___________________.
  • 8. In a democracy, all __________ participate in government.
  • 9. All citizens vote on everything in a ______________________.
  • 10. In a direct democracy, there are no ________________ in the government.
  • 11. In a representative democracy, the representatives answer to the people through ______________________.
  • 12. Now that we’ve talked about DIRECT DEMOCRACY! And REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY! we can move on to forms of government where only one person is in control…
  • 13. Autocracy A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc. We’re going to talk about two kinds of _____________ … Monarchs! Dictators!
  • 14. Monarchy
    • Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!
    • Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too.
    • Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions.
  • 15. Dictatorship
    • In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)
    • Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions
    • North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Il is considered a dictator
  • 16. What else? We’ve talked about DEMOCRACIES … Democracy is… rule by the people!
  • 17. What else? … and AUTOCRACIES … Autocracy is… … rule by one!
  • 18. Democracy A B Rule by everyone Rule by no one
  • 19. Direct Democracy A B Citizens elect people to vote All citizens vote on everything
  • 20. Representative Democracy A B Representatives are appointed Representatives are elected
  • 21. Autocracy A B Rule by one Rule by few
  • 22. Monarchy A B Never have constitutions Power is inherited
  • 23. Dictatorship A B Always protect freedom of speech Have total control
  • 24. Now, review your chart along with your teacher!

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