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What were the first civilizations ppt

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Social Sciences, 1º ESO, CLIL

Social Sciences, 1º ESO, CLIL

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  • 1. Mesopotamia EgyptPROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 2.  What where the first civilizations? What was Mesopotamian civilization like? What was Mesopotamian society like? What was Mesopotamian culture like? Why was the Nile crucial to Ancient Egypt? Who were the pharaohs? What was Ancient Egyptian society like? How did Ancient Egypt change? What were Egyptian religious beliefs? What was Egyptian art like? PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 3. WHAT WERE THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS? PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 4.  Some 6000 years ago, in the Middle East, some Neolithic villages became important cities as a result of agricultural and commercial prosperity. These civilizations were the first to invent writing. PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 5.  Writing appeared in Mesopotamia over 5,000 years ago. This invention was so important that it marks the end of Prehistory, and the beggining of History. Writing was a way of storing information about taxes, trade and population. PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 6.  The first great civilizations appeared around 5,000 years ago. They are Mesopotamia, Egypt, India and China around 5,000 years ago. They are called the river civilizations because they developed along large rivers surrounded by fertile land. PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 7. Tigris and Euphrates Indus RiverNile in Egypt in Mesopotamia in India The Yellow (Huang He) and Blue (Yangtze) Rivers in China PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 8.  The king was the most powerful person. He made laws, led the army and often had religious functions. The kings were served by civil servants, and they created large armies. PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 9.  Society was hierarchical: it was divided into clearly differentiated groups. A minority of privileged people owned most of the land and wealth, and had important posts in public institutions. The majority of the population was much poorer. PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.
  • 10.  Therewere large-scale building works. The king built palaces, temples, tombs and canals.Where would Can youyou find imagine howthese they werestructures? built? PROF. MARILUZ MALDONADO RODRÍGUEZ. JUNTA DE ANDALUCÍA.